Tromøy

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Tromøy kommune
View of Tromøy
View of Tromøy
Nickname(s): 
The pearl of Southern Norway
Tromøy kommune is located in Aust-Agder
Tromøy kommune
Tromøy kommune
Location of the municipality
Tromøy kommune is located in Norway
Tromøy kommune
Tromøy kommune
Tromøy kommune (Norway)
Coordinates: 58°26′59″N 08°51′51″E / 58.44972°N 8.86417°E / 58.44972; 8.86417Coordinates: 58°26′59″N 08°51′51″E / 58.44972°N 8.86417°E / 58.44972; 8.86417
CountryNorway
RegionSouthern Norway
CountyAust-Agder
DistrictØstre Agder
Municipality IDNO-0921
Adm. CenterBrekka
Area
 • Total30 km2 (10 sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Created fromØstre Moland in 1878
Merged intoArendal in 1992

Tromøy (historic: Tromø) is a former municipality of Norway in Aust-Agder county. The 30-square-kilometre (12 sq mi) municipality existed from 1878 until its dissolution in 1992. The municipal area is now part of the municipality of Arendal. The administrative centre was the village of Brekka, where the historic Tromøy Church is. The municipality encompassed all of the island of Tromøya as well as many smaller surrounding islands such as Merdø, Gjesøya, Skilsøy, and Tromlingene.[1]

The municipality had two churches: the centuries-old Tromøy Church and the relatively new Færvik Church. Some of the main villages in Tromøy were Færvik, Brekka, Brattekleiv, Sandnes, Revesand, and Pusnes. The municipality was connected to the mainland by the Tromøy Bridge, the only road connection to Tromøya. The other islands of Tromøy were only accessible by boat.

History[edit]

The municipality of Tromøy was established on 1 May 1878 when the municipality of Østre Moland was divided into three municipalities: Tromøy (population: 2,320), Barbu (population: 4,874), and Østre Moland (population: 2,524). On 1 January 1992 there was a major municipal merger where the following municipalities were merged into the municipality of Arendal: Tromøy (population: 4,711), Moland (population: 8,148), Øyestad (population: 8,679), Hisøy (population: 4,026), and the town of Arendal (population: 12,478).[2]

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) was named after its island Tromøya. Historically it was spelled Tromø, but more recently it has been spelled Tromøy. The name comes from the Old Norse Þruma, which means "rim", "edge", or "border". The suffix or øy means "island".[3]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms is from modern times; it was granted on 23 August 1985. The blue and white arms represent the sea and the coastline near the village of Brekka, which is characterised by large rounded boulders protruding out into the sea. This landscape dates back to the Ice Age and was used to model the division line in the coat of arms.[4]

Media gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Thorsnæs, Geir, ed. (2015-06-24). "Tromøy – kommune". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2017-11-26.
  2. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  3. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1905). Norske gaardnavne: Nedenes amt (in Norwegian) (8 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 97.
  4. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2017-11-26.

External links[edit]

  • Arendal travel guide from Wikivoyage