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Trombay was called Neat's Tongue because of its shape. Once, it was an island nearly 5 km East of Mumbai and was about 8 km in length and 8 km in width. The island contains several ruins of Portuguese churches from the 1620s and 1630s.
The original inhabitants of Trombay were fisherman (Koli's) - due to its proximity to the Thane creek and the Arabian Sea. It was called as "Turbhe" (not to be confused with another area called Turbhe in Navi Mumbai) in the local language. Pailipada, near Trombay Village, is also very old, having one of the oldest masjid in Mumbai.Trombay gaothan is old village of Koli family. Pailipada has majority Muslim population. In 1976 the Janata Colony area was relocated by BARC by order of the central government and formed as Cheetah Camp.
Being in a secluded end of Mumbai, the Indian Navy set up a small base there mostly for administrative purposes. This was soon followed by the setting up of Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, the foremost research institution in India. This was followed by NTPC setting up a storage and administrative facility. In the 1960s, with industrialization picking up in India, many companies found Trombay to be an attractive place for setting up factories, especially due to the proximity to the sea. Burma-Shell was one such company, which was soon followed by BPCL and later FCI.
In the 2000, the nationalization wave swept India, and Burma-Shell became part of BPCL. FCI was split and the Trombay complex became Rashtriya Chemicals & Fertilizers. All of a sudden, Trombay was thrust into the spotlight for being an industrial suburb which was a far cry from the actual reality. The non-industrial Trombay during this time remained as sparely populated as ever.
In the 1980s, BARC got its act together and relocated several thousand inhabitants from its residential colony to a place in Trombay called Cheeta Camp. Till today, Cheeta Camp is the most densely populated part of Trombay. Gradually as Chembur started expanding, people started moving to Trombay in search of a quieter lifestyle.
Starting out as an industrial area, Trombay is still known more for its industries than a residential suburb but this is fast changing. Trombay has a cosmopolitan population that is dominated by Tamilians and Maharashtrians followed by Keralites, Punjabis, Sindhis and Gujaratis.
- Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC): India's first nuclear research facility
- Cheeta Camp
- Mandala Village
Cheeta Camp: Relocated by BARC in 1976, thousands of middle-class family moved to a new area, which was named as Cheeta Camp. Mostly people from South India, such as Tamil Nadu & Kerala, as well as other states settled here. Even though it is a slum area, it is far better in terms of good quality lifestyle and hygienic environment. Pollution levels are minimal in this area as it is away from major roads and industrial areas, which are the main causes of pollution. Cheeta Camp faces a hill on one side and Arabian Sea on the other.
Before, the area was populated mainly by the poor and lower-middle-class people, but currently the new generation of Cheeta Camp is well educated. Moreover, a lot of them are IT Professionals. They have upgraded their lifestyle and can afford houses in developed, upmarket and posh localities. Still they love this area. In this so-called Chawl area, people enjoy their living. Social Life is very active and people from all religions stay united. Interestingly, even though most of Mumbai was afflicted by the 1992 communal riots, Cheeta Camp remained safe & secure. After this, many families moved here to settle, including those from downtown Mumbai. The majority of the population is from South India.
Paylipada, this name formed by Payri (coin currency) and Pada (village), which established by Portuguese Government for making coin currency factory near by Paylipada lake, Paylipada village, settled ground of Mandala Hill, which is famous for oldest Portuguese church on hill top (now its area is undertaken by BARC and Indian Navy).
- Gazetteers of the Bombay Presidency - Thana - http://www.maharashtra.gov.in/pdf/gazeetter_reprint/Thane-III/places_Trombay.html - Retrieved on December 3, 2010.
- Times of India - Chembur-Ghatkopar Plus - http://chemburghatkoparplus.mumbaimirror.com/index.aspx?Page=article&comments=true§name=News§id=1&contentid=2010022720100225173641113f0b4d1d4 - Retrieved on December 3, 2010