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Tromborn, church of Saint-Martin.
Tromborn, church of Saint-Martin.
Coat of arms of Tromborn
Coat of arms
Tromborn is located in France
Coordinates: 49°15′30″N 6°35′18″E / 49.2583°N 6.5883°E / 49.2583; 6.5883Coordinates: 49°15′30″N 6°35′18″E / 49.2583°N 6.5883°E / 49.2583; 6.5883
Country France
Region Lorraine
Department Moselle
 • Mayor (2008–2013) Roger Sauer (DVG)
Area1 6.13 km2 (2.37 sq mi)
Population (Jan. 2009)2 340
 • Density 55/km2 (140/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC +1)
INSEE/Postal code 57681 / 57320

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Tromborn (French: [tʁɔ̃bɔʁn]) is a commune in the Moselle department in Lorraine in north-eastern France.


Tromborn is a rural village located at the center of the triangle formed by the towns of Bouzonville, Boulay and Creutzwald. The commune is located 3 km from the German border. Tromborn is 32 km from Metz, 6 km from Saarlouis and 11 km from Boulay.

An orientation table provides an overview of the valley of the Nied where footpaths are also listed on a map. From this overview, it's possible to see Luxembourg and Malbrouck Castle, located more than 30 km away, just with binoculars. The Vosges Mountains, located about 100 km away, can be observed in clear weather with a hand-held telescope or telephoto lens.

Near the village:

Visual landscape cues:

  • Téterchen wind turbines, with a maximum height of 127 meters rising to 500 meters;
  • A steel tower with a height of 76 meters used by Électricité de France, Orange, SFR and TDF to make radio transmissions rises to 456 meters;
  • The steeple of the Saint-Martin church with an approximate height of 30 meters in the village center, rises to 380 meters.


Tromborn has an oceanic climate with temperate summers (Cfb in the Köppen climate classification). Given its position on a plateau, the village is constantly swept by winds. Tempestuous winds are exceptional but sometimes cause damage to roofs and trees, average wind speed is 20 km/h.


Agriculture in the village grew into a landscape of open fields. Two-thirds of the surface of Tromborn (about 4 hectares) are agricultural land. There is intensive production of wheat, barley and maize and industrial crops such as rapeseed. Today there are still some meadows, some of which are used for breeding sheep and cows.


The forest area extends over a quarter of the area of the village, a total of around 1.5 hectares. Note the presence of beech, of spruce, of oak, of charm and coppicing.


A number of rare bird species are found in the region, such as the corncrake, the Eurasian hobby, the curlew and the common grasshopper warbler. Other species have been seen, such as the red kite, the blue tit, the buzzard, the pheasant, the marbled white butterfly, the kestrel and the wagtail. The forest area of the village is inhabited by the common species to the region such as wild boar, deer and fox.


The village is located at kilometer 32 of the departmental route 954 which extends from west to east of Metz (km 0) to Saarlouis (38 km), passing through Boulay-Moselle (km 21). Roads run from Dalem, Rémering, Villing, Oberdorff, Brettnach and Téterchen to the village.

Tromborn lacks its own railway station, the closest are those of Bouzonville 7 km away, Saint-Avold 27 kilometres (17 mi) away and Metz 35 km (22 mi) away.

The nearest access to the French motorway network is 16 km (10 mi) away at Boulay-Moselle on the A4.

Access to the German motorway network located 8 km (5 mi) from the village is through the exchange of Saarlouis in the direction of Luxembourg, Saarbrücken, Trier and Mannheim.

The closest civilian airports are those of Metz-Nancy-Lorraine 60 km (37 mi) away, Luxembourg 82 km (51 mi) away and Strasbourg 172 km (107 mi) away.

Tromborn's postal code is 57320, which is the post office number of Bouzonville.


The 1872 census indicates a population decline in the town. Tromborn is a cereal village, the agricultural crisis of the 1890s and the 1914-1918 war accentuated the rural exodus.

The town is too far from the new industrial centers of the 20th century, many workers and small landowners permanently abandoned their native villages for the cities.

Year Population Growth
1800 368
1821 429 60
1836 515 86
1861 507 -13
1866 518 11
1872 460 -58
1876 449 -11
1881 413 -36
1886 407 -6
1896 383 -29
1901 366 -17
1911 400 32
1926 413 12
1931 383 -30
1936 364 -19
1946 117 -247
1954 259 142
1968 280 27
1975 268 -12
1982 306 38
1990 288 -18
1999 296 8
2006 326 30
2009 340 14

Demographic curve since 1800

Historical decline between 1936 and 1946 is due to the total destruction of the village at the beginning of the Second World War.

Local culture and heritage[edit]

Religious buildings[edit]

The Church of St. Martin has avant-garde architecture designed by architects Roger Fraisse and Madeline Felix 60 years ago. Its construction was completed in 1955 and renovations were made at the beginning of the 21st century.

A bell dating from 1695 was once located on the steeple of the church of St. Martin. It is still used today on the ground in the straight extension of the nave inside the building. Its presence since 320 contributes to Tromborn's heritage.

At the beginning of the 21st century, a chapel was built inside the village cemetery.

See also[edit]