Tropheus duboisi

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Tropheus duboisi
Tropheus duboisi Schoenbrunn2008.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cichliformes
Family: Cichlidae
Genus: Tropheus
T. duboisi
Binomial name
Tropheus duboisi
Marlier, 1959

Tropheus duboisi, the white spotted cichlid, is a species of cichlid endemic to Lake Tanganyika. It can reach a length of 12 cm (4.7 in).

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The species is found only in Lake Tanganyika, restricted to rocky substrates (rubble or slabs) in the northern portion of the lake. It occurs to a depth of 30 m. Three subpopulations are distinguished in different parts of the lake: "Maswa", "Karilani Island", and "Kigoma".[1][2]


T. duboisi cichlids feed on the algae growing on the rocky substrate they frequent. The species engages in mouth-brooding; eggs are hatched in the mother's mouth, and young fish use it as shelter for some time after hatching.[1][2]


The species is classified as vulnerable due to their small estimated population size (a few thousand) and restricted distribution. It is heavily in demand in the aquarium trade, and likely impacted to some degree by increases in sedimentation in its natural habitat.[1]


The specific name honours the collector of the type, the limnologist Jean Dubois, who was Marlier's colleague.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d Bigirimana, C. (2006). "Tropheus duboisi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2006: e.T60704A12395212. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2006.RLTS.T60704A12395212.en.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  2. ^ a b Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2015). "Tropheus duboisi" in FishBase. October 2015 version.
  3. ^ Christopher Scharpf & Kenneth J. Lazara (25 September 2018). "Order CICHLIFORMES: Family CICHLIDAE: Subfamily PSEUDOCRENILABRINAE (p-y)". The ETYFish Project Fish Name Etymology Database. Christopher Scharpf and Kenneth J. Lazara. Retrieved 21 February 2019.

Further reading[edit]

Konings, A. (2005). Back to Nature Guide to Tanganyika Cichlids. 2nd Edition, Cichlid Press. El Paso.