Tropicália: ou Panis et Circencis

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Tropicália ou Panis et Circencis
Studio album by
Various artists
ReleasedJuly 1968
RecordedMay 1968[1]
StudioRGE Studios, São Paulo, Brazil[1]
ProducerManuel Barenbein
Professional ratings
Review scores
Spin Alternative Record Guide9/10[citation needed]

Tropicália ou Panis et Circencis (misspelled Latin for Bread and circuses) is a 1968 collaboration album by artists including Gilberto Gil, Caetano Veloso, Tom Zé, Os Mutantes and Gal Costa. Considered an important record in the Tropicália movement and in the history of Brazilian music, it features orchestral arrangements by Rogerio Duprat and lyrical contributions from Torquato Neto.[4][5]


The main contributors can be seen on the album cover, which is intended to be a tribute to influential Beatles album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band. Seated on the floor, Gilberto Gil holds the graduation photo of Capinan. To the left, holding a chamber pot, is Rogério Duprat. To the right, Gal Costa, wearing a yellow dress, is beside Torquato Neto, with a cap. Caetano Veloso is to the left of them, holding a picture of Nara Leão. Behind them are Tom Zé, on the right, and Os Mutantes, on the left (more precisely, from left to right, Arnaldo Baptista, Rita Lee and Sérgio Dias).


It is considered to be the manifesto of the Tropicalismo movement. It is number 2 on Rolling Stone's list of 100 greatest Brazilian albums of all time.[6] The song "Baby" and the title track were voted by the Brazilian edition of Rolling Stone, respectively, as the 30th[7] and the 7th greatest Brazilian song.[8] In September 2012, it was elected by the audience of Radio Eldorado FM, of e of Caderno C2+Música (both the latter belong to newspaper O Estado de S. Paulo) as the ninth best Brazilian album ever.[9] At the time of the album's release, the newspaper also considered it one of the best albums released that year in Brazil."[10]

Track listing[edit]

Side one
1."Miserere nóbis"
2."Coração materno"Vicente CelestinoCaetano Veloso4:15
3."Panis et circensis"
  • Gilberto Gil
  • Caetano Veloso
Os Mutantes3:33
  • Gilberto Gil
  • Caetano Veloso
Nara Leão2:13
5."Parque industrial"Tom Zé
  • Gilberto Gil
  • Gal Costa
  • Caetano Veloso
  • Os Mutantes
6."Geléia geral"
Gilberto Gil3:42
Side two
1."Baby"Caetano Veloso
  • Gal Costa
  • Caetano Veloso
2."Três caravelas"
  • Caetano Veloso
  • Gilberto Gil
  • Caetano Veloso
  • Gilberto Gil
3."Enquanto seu lobo não vem"Caetano Veloso
4."Mamãe, coragem"
  • Caetano Veloso
  • Torquato Neto
Gal Costa2:29
5."Bat macumba"
  • Gilberto Gil
  • Caetano Veloso
  • Gilberto Gil
  • Os Mutantes
  • Gal Costa
  • Caetano Veloso
6."Hino do Senhor do Bom Fim"
  • João Antonio Wanderley
  • Artur de Sales
  • Caetano Veloso
  • Gilberto Gil
  • Os Mutantes
  • Gal Costa
Total length:38:29



  1. ^ a b Tropicália ou Panis et Circencis (LP). Various. Philips. 1968. R 765.040 L.{{cite AV media notes}}: CS1 maint: others in cite AV media (notes) (link)
  2. ^ Beta, Andy. "The Story of Tropicália in 20 Albums". Pitchfork. Retrieved 25 January 2022.
  3. ^ Tropicália: ou Panis et Circencis at AllMusic
  4. ^ Allmusic review
  5. ^ "Discografia – Tropicália" (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 2020-06-20.
  6. ^ "Os 100 maiores discos da Música Brasileira". Rolling Stone (in Portuguese). Vol. 13. October 2007. p. 111.
  7. ^ Espírito Santo, José Julio do (2009). "As 100 Maiores Músicas Brasileiras - "Baby"". Rolling Stone Brasil (in Portuguese). Spring. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
  8. ^ Terron, Paulo (2009). "As 100 Maiores Músicas Brasileiras - "Panis et Circencis"". Rolling Stone Brasil (in Portuguese). Spring. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
  9. ^ Bomfim, Emanuel (7 September 2012). "'Ventura' é eleito o melhor disco brasileiro de todos os tempos". Combate Rock (in Portuguese). Grupo Estado. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
  10. ^ Leite, Edmundo (31 August 2012). "Alguns discos clássicos já nascem grandes". Acervo Estadão (in Portuguese). Grupo Estado. Retrieved 28 January 2016.