Tropicália: ou Panis et Circencis

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Tropicália ou Panis et Circencis
Tropicália LP.JPG
Studio album by
Various artists
ReleasedJuly 1968
RecordedMay 1968[1]
StudioRGE Studios, São Paulo, Brazil[1]
ProducerManuel Barenbein
Professional ratings
Review scores
Allmusic5/5 stars [2]
Spin Alternative Record Guide9/10[3]

Tropicália ou Panis et Circencis (misspelled Latin for Bread and circuses) is a 1968 collaboration album by artists including Gilberto Gil, Caetano Veloso, Tom Zé, Os Mutantes and Gal Costa. Considered an important record in the history of Brazilian music, it features arrangements by Rogerio Duprat and lyrical contributions from Torquato Neto.[4]


The main contributors can be seen on the album cover, which is intended to be a tribute to influential Beatles album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band. Seated on the floor, Gilberto Gil holds the graduation photo of Capinan. To the left, drinking from a chamber pot, is Rogério Duprat. To the right, Gal Costa, wearing a yellow dress, is beside Torquato Neto, with a cap. Caetano Veloso is to the left of them, holding a picture of Nara Leão. Behind them are Tom Zé, on the right, and Os Mutantes, on the left (more precisely, from left to right, Arnaldo Baptista, Rita Lee and Sérgio Dias).


It is considered to be the manifesto of the Tropicalismo movement. It is number 2 on Rolling Stone's list of 100 greatest Brazilian albums of all time.[5] The song "Baby" and the title track were voted by the Brazilian edition of Rolling Stone, respectively, as the 30th[6] and the 7th greatest Brazilian song.[7] On September 2012, it was elected by the audience of Radio Eldorado FM, of e of Caderno C2+Música (both the latter belong to newspaper O Estado de S. Paulo) as the ninth best Brazilian album ever.[8] At the time of the album's release, the newspaper also considered it one of the best albums released that year in Brazil."[9]

Track listing[edit]

# Title Songwriters Performer Length
1. "Miserere nóbis" Gilberto Gil, José Carlos Capinam Gilberto Gil 3:44
2. "Coração materno" Vicente Celestino Caetano Veloso 4:17
3. "Panis et circencis" Gilberto Gil, Caetano Veloso Os Mutantes 3:35
4. "Lindonéia" Caetano Veloso Nara Leão 2:14
5. "Parque industrial" Tom Zé Gilberto Gil, Caetano Veloso, Gal Costa, Os Mutantes, Tom Ze 3:16
6. "Geléia geral" Gilberto Gil, Torquato Neto Gilberto Gil 3:42
7. "Baby" Caetano Veloso Gal Costa, Caetano Veloso 3:31
8. "Três caravelas (Las Tres Carabelas)" Augusto Algueró e Moreu (Portuguese version: João de Barro) Caetano Veloso, Gilberto Gil 3:06
9. "Enquanto seu lobo não vem" Caetano Veloso Caetano Veloso 2:31
10. "Mamãe, coragem" Caetano Veloso, Torquato Neto Gal Costa 2:30
11. "Bat macumba" Gilberto Gil, Os Mutantes, Caetano Veloso, Gal Costa Gilberto Gil 2:33
12. "Hino do Senhor do Bonfim" Artur de Sales, João Antonio Wanderley Caetano Veloso, Gilberto Gil, Gal Costa, Os Mutantes 3:39



  1. ^ a b Tropicália ou Panis et Circencis (LP). Various. Philips. 1968. R 765.040 L.CS1 maint: others (link)
  2. ^ Tropicália: ou Panis et Circencis at AllMusic
  3. ^ "Tropicália ou Panis et Circencis". Acclaimed Music. Retrieved April 20, 2018.
  4. ^ Allmusic review
  5. ^ "Os 100 maiores discos da Música Brasileira". Rolling Stone (in Portuguese). 13: 111. October 2007.
  6. ^ Espírito Santo, José Julio do (2009). "As 100 Maiores Músicas Brasileiras - "Baby"". Rolling Stone Brasil (in Portuguese). Spring. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
  7. ^ Terron, Paulo (2009). "As 100 Maiores Músicas Brasileiras - "Panis et Circencis"". Rolling Stone Brasil (in Portuguese). Spring. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
  8. ^ Bomfim, Emanuel (7 September 2012). "'Ventura' é eleito o melhor disco brasileiro de todos os tempos". Combate Rock (in Portuguese). Grupo Estado. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
  9. ^ Leite, Edmundo (31 August 2012). "Alguns discos clássicos já nascem grandes". Acervo Estadão (in Portuguese). Grupo Estado. Retrieved 28 January 2016.