This article relies too much on references to primary sources. (June 2010) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Tropical Albums (formerly known as Tropical/Salsa) is a record chart published by Billboard magazine. Established in June 1985, the chart compiles information about the top-selling albums in genres like salsa, merengue, bachata, cumbia, and vallenato, which are frequently considered tropical music. The chart features only full-length albums and, like all Billboard album charts, is based on sales. The information is compiled by Nielsen SoundScan from a sample representing more than 90% of the U.S. music retail market, including not only music stores and music departments at electronics and department stores but also direct-to-consumer transactions and Internet sales (both physical albums and digital downloads). A limited number of verifiable sales at concert venues is also tabulated. Innovations by El Gran Combo de Puerto Rico was the first album to reach number-one in the chart. Up until May 21, 2005, reggaeton albums appeared on the chart. After the installation of the Latin Rhythm Albums chart, reggaeton titles could no longer appear on the Tropical Albums chart. By removing reggaeton albums from the Tropical Albums chart, it opened slots for re-entries and debuts. American bachata group Aventura claimed the top spot on the Tropical Albums chart, which marked the first time since the issue dated November 6, 2004 that an reggaeton album was not at the number-one spot.
Artist with the most number-ones
- Gilberto Santa Rosa (12)
- Víctor Manuelle (12)
- Marc Anthony (7)
- El Gran Combo de Puerto Rico (6)
- Eddie Santiago (6)
- La India (6)
- Jerry Rivera (5)
- Juan Luis Guerra (5)
- Luis Enrique (5)
- Romeo Santos (5)
- Aventura (4)
- Frankie Ruiz (4)
- Gloria Estefan (4)
Year-end best selling albums
According to the RIAA, albums containing more than 50% Spanish language content are awarded with gold certifications (Disco de Oro) for U.S. shipments of 100,000 units; platinum (Disco de Platino) for 200,000 and multi-platinum (Multi-Platino) for 400,000 and following in increments of 200,000 thereafter.
- "Billboard Methodolody". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. Archived from the original on 2008-07-31. Retrieved 2009-01-10.
- Mayfield, Geoff (21 May 2005). "Amid Moms' Gifts, Reznor Nails The Big Chart". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. p. 47. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved 25 June 2013.
- "Tropical Albums". Billboard. 2013-06-29. Retrieved 2013-06-25.
- "RIAA Certifications". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. Archived from the original on April 22, 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-27.
- Billboard Year-end Charts (1986). 1986-12-27. Retrieved 2010-12-22.
- Billboard Year-end Charts (1987). 1987-12-26. Retrieved 2010-12-22.
- "No. 1 Awards – Top Tropical/Salsa Latin Albums". Billboard: Y-36. 1988-12-24.
- "1989: The Yearn in Music – Top Tropica/Salsa Latin Albums". Billboard: Y-59. 1989-12-23.
- "1990: The Year in Music – Top Tropical/Salsa Latin Albums". Billboard: Y-52. 1990-12-22.
- "1991: The Year in Music – Top Tropical/Salsa Latin Albums". Billboard. 130 (51): YE-44. 1991-12-21.
- "1992: The Year in Music – Top Pop Latin Albums". Billboard: YE-54. 1992-12-26.
- "1993: The Year in Music – Top Pop Latin Albums". Billboard: YE-54. 1993-12-26.
- "Billboard Year-end Charts (1994)". Rock On The Net. 1994-12-25. Retrieved 2009-02-23.
- "Billboard Year-end Charts (1997)". Rock On The Net. 1997-12-25. Retrieved 2009-02-23.
- "Billboard Year-end Charts (1998)". Rock On The Net. 1998-12-25. Retrieved 2009-02-23.
- "Billboard Year-end Charts (1999)". Rock On The Net. 1999-12-25. Retrieved 2009-02-23.
- "Billboard Year-end Charts (2000)". Rock On The Net. 2000-12-25. Retrieved 2009-02-23.
- Year-End: Tropical Albums