Tropical Storm Mangkhut (2013)

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Tropical Storm Mangkhut (Kiko)
Tropical storm (JMA scale)
Tropical storm (Saffir–Simpson scale)
Mangkhut Aug 7 2013 0701Z.png
Tropical Storm Mangkhut at peak intensity approaching Vietnam on August 7
Formed August 5, 2013 (2013-08-05)
Dissipated August 8, 2013 (2013-08-08)
Highest winds 10-minute sustained: 75 km/h (45 mph)
1-minute sustained: 85 km/h (50 mph)
Lowest pressure 992 hPa (mbar); 29.29 inHg
Fatalities 4 total, 5 missing[1]
Damage $4.5 million (2013 USD)
Areas affected
Part of the 2013 Pacific typhoon season

Tropical Storm Mangkhut, known in the Philippines as Tropical Depression Kiko, was a storm that made landfall in Vietnam during August 7 and 8, 2013. At least 3 people were killed, due to strong winds and flash floods. Mangkhut was the first storm to form during August and nearly had the same track as Tropical Storm Jebi a week prior.

Meteorological history[edit]

Map plotting the track and the intensity of the storm, according to the Saffir–Simpson scale

A broad low pressure area formed east of Mindanao, Philippines on August 3, after Jebi made landfall over northern Vietnam and dissipated. Early on August 5, the JMA and PAGASA reported that a tropical depression had developed within a favourable environment for further development, about 145 km (90 mi) to the northeast of Puerto Princesa in Palawan with the latter naming it as Kiko.[3][4][5]

Later that day as the system consolidated further the JMA reported that the depression had developed into a tropical storm and named it Mangkhut, before the JTWC initiated advisories and designated it as Tropical Depression 10W.[3][6][7]

Over the next couple of days the system moved towards the north-northwest before it made landfall in Northern Vietnam during August 7. Later that day, it was said that 2 people died due to strong winds and falling debris. On August 8, Mangkhut was weakened to a tropical depression by the JMA, and JTWC later that day. Mangkhut was then last noted early the next day as it dissipated over Laos. During August 9, a total of 3 people were killed.[3]



In the afternoon of August 7, hear the storm Mangkhut information affecting Hai Phong, a teenager named Pham Thanh Son (16 years old, resident of Dang Giang Ward, Ngo Quyen District) and 3 friends take two motorbikes to Do Son watching storms. All 4 people stopped in front coast region 1 Hai Yen hotel to watch the waves. Son audacity, curiosity by yourself run close to the embankment and watch the storm suddenly swept into the sea[8][9][10] Downpours throughout Wednesday night till Thursday were recorded at 80 mm (3.1 in) deep on streets of the capital, causing difficulties for many people to go to work. Meanwhile, rainfall went up to about 300 mm (12 in) in central Thanh Hóa and northern Hai Phong city amid wind with a speed hitting 62–88 km/h (40–55 mph).[11][12]

Tropical storm Mangkhut weakened as it made landfall over Thanh Hóa Province and Ninh Bình Province delta late evening on 7 August. A peak gust of 30 m/s was recorded at Nam Dinh, and accumulated precipitation total during the time of Mangkhut over Southeast part of Vietnam was 336mm which was recorded at Ky Anh. A central pressure value of 992.2mb was also recorded at 15:20 UTC in Thanh Hoa city. Four persons were killed, five were injured due to the impact of Mangkhut. [1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Vietnamese National Center for Hydro Meteorological Forecasts (December 11, 2013). Member Report: Vietnam (PDF). ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee: 8th Integrated Workshop/2nd TRCG Forum. ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee. Archived from the original on December 11, 2013. Retrieved December 11, 2013. 
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b c Tropical Storm Mangkhut (RSMC Tropical Cyclone Best Track). Japan Meteorological Agency. August 20, 2013. Archived from the original on August 20, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Alert: Tropical Depression "Kiko" August 5, 2013 09z". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. Archived from the original on August 5, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert August 5, 2013 09z". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. August 5, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Prognostic Reasoning for Tropical Storm 10W (Mangkhut) Warning Nr 01". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. August 5, 2013. Archived from the original on August 7, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  7. ^ "RSMC Tropical Cyclone Advisory August 5, 2013 12z". RSMC Tokyo — Typhoon Center. Archived from the original on August 7, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  8. ^ Biên, Quốc (2013-08-08). "Ra Đồ Sơn xem bão, bị sóng cuốn trôi". VnExpress (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 2014-01-06. 
  9. ^ Minh Khang (7-8-2013). "Đi xem bão, một thiếu niên bị sóng cuốn xuống biển". (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 2014-01-06.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  10. ^ Giang Chinh (2013-08-08). "Đi đón bão số 6, một thanh niên bị sóng cuốn mất tích". Báo An ninh Thủ đô (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 2014-01-06. 
  11. ^ "Storm Mangkhut weakens to tropical low pressure, causing torrential rain in northern Vietnam". Xinhua. August 8, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  12. ^ "Aftermath of tropical storm Mangkhut in Vietnam". Xinhua. August 8, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. 

External links[edit]