Tropical cyclones in 2019

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Tropical cyclones in 2019
Tropical cyclones in 2019.png
Year summary map
Year boundaries
First systemMona
FormedDecember 28, 2018
Last systemSarai
DissipatedJanuary 2, 2020
Strongest system
NameHalong 1
Lowest pressure905 mbar/hPa; 26.72 inHg
Longest lasting system
NameOma
Duration15 days
Year statistics
Total systems143
Named systems105
Total fatalities2,090 total
Total damage> $60.64 billion (2019 USD)
Related articles
Other years
2017, 2018, 2019. 2020, 2021
Six simultaneous tropical cyclones in the Eastern Pacific and North Atlantic on September 19. From left to right: Kiko, Mario, Lorena, Imelda, Humberto and Jerry

During 2019, tropical cyclones formed within seven different tropical cyclone basins, located within various parts of the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans. During the year, a total of 143 systems formed with 105 of these developing further and were named by the responsible warning centre. The strongest tropical cyclone of the year was Typhoon Halong, which was estimated to have a minimum barometric pressure of 905 hPa (26.72 inHg) while Hurricane Dorian and was estimated to have sustained winds of 185 mph (295 km/h), the strongest wind speed of 2019.

Similar to the previous year, 2019 was above average in terms of the number of storms. The most active basin in the year was the Western Pacific, which documented 29 named systems. The Eastern Pacific had an average season, although many of the storms were rather weak and short lived, therefore the number of hurricanes was the least since 2010 (7). The North Atlantic hurricane season experienced an above average number of tropical storm intensity systems, numbering 18, though most were rather weak and short-lived, especially late in the season. In the North Indian Ocean basin it was extremely active, breaking many records. This included Cyclone Kyarr, the strongest Arabian Sea Cyclone on record and second strongest ever in the North Indian Ocean. Activity across the southern hemisphere's three basins—South-West Indian, Australian, and South Pacific-was fairly significant, with the regions recording 25 named storms altogether, with the most intense Southern Hemisphere cyclone of the year, Cyclone Ambali from the Southwest Indian Ocean basin peaking at 155 mph (250 km/h) and 930 milibars.

The deadliest tropical cyclone of the year was Intense Tropical Cyclone Idai in the South-West Indian Ocean, which killed at least 1,303 people in Mozambique, Malawi, Zimbabwe, and Madagascar. and the costliest tropical cyclone of the year was Typhoon Hagibis in the Western Pacific Ocean, which caused more than $15 billion in damage after striking Japan.

Global atmospheric and hydrological conditions[edit]

Summary[edit]

Typhoon Phanfone (2019)Cyclone BelnaTyphoon Kammuri (2019)Cyclone BulbulTyphoon Halong (2019)Cyclone KyarrTropical Storm Nestor (2019)Typhoon Hagibis (2019)Tropical Storm Narda (2019)Hurricane Lorenzo (2019)Tropical Storm Karen (2019)Tropical Storm ImeldaHurricane Lorena (2019)Hurricane Humberto (2019)Tropical Storm Fernand (2019)Typhoon Faxai (2019)Hurricane DorianTyphoon Lekima (2019)Hurricane Barry (2019)Cyclone VayuCyclone AnnCyclone Lili (2019)Cyclone FaniCyclone KennethCyclone VeronicaCyclone SavannahCyclone IdaiTyphoon Wutip (2019)Tropical Storm Pabuk (2019)tropical cyclone basins

Systems[edit]

January[edit]

The month of January was inactive, with only eight tropical cyclones forming, of which five were named. However, Tropical Storm Pabuk[1] was the earliest-forming tropical storm of the western Pacific Ocean on record, breaking the previous record held by Typhoon Alice in 1979. Pabuk killed 10 people in Vietnam, Thailand and Malaysia, causing $151 million (US$2019) in damage.[2] Moderate Tropical Storm Eketsang killed 27 people in Madagascar in late-January.

Tropical cyclones formed in January 2019
Storm name Dates active Max wind
km/h (mph)
Pressure
(hPa)
Areas affected Damage
(USD)
Deaths Refs
Mona December 28 – January 9 95 (60) 985 Solomon Islands, Fiji, Tonga Minimal None
Pabuk December 31 – January 7 85 (50) 994 Natuna Islands, Vietnam, Malaysia, Thailand, Myanmar, Andaman Islands $151 million 10 [3][4]
01W (Amang) January 4 – 22 55 (35) 1004 Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Caroline Islands, Philippines $4.11 million 9 [5]
11U January 15 – 23 Unspecified 1004 Java None None
Desmond January 17 – 22 65 (40) 995 Mozambique, Madagascar Unknown None
Riley January 19 – 30 120 (75) 974 Maluku Islands, East Timor, West Australia None None
13U January 21 – 25 55 (35) 999 Cape York Peninsula None None
Eketsang January 22 – 24 75 (45) 993 Madagascar Unknown 27

February[edit]

The month of February was inactive, with only ten tropical cyclones forming, of which seven were named. However, Typhoon Wutip became the most-intense typhoon recorded in the month of February.[6][7]

Tropical cyclones formed in February 2019
Storm name Dates active Max wind
km/h (mph)
Pressure
(hPa)
Areas affected Damage
(USD)
Deaths Refs
Funani February 3 – 10 195 (120) 940 Rodrigues None None
06F February 3 – 9 65 (40) 994 Wallis and Futuna, Samoan Islands None None
Gelena February 4 – 14 205 (125) 942 Madagascar, Mauritius, Rodrigues $1.02 million None
Oma February 7 – 22 130 (80) 974 Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Solomon Islands, Queensland, New South Wales $51 million 1
Neil February 8 – 10 65 (40) 994 Wallis and Futuna, Fiji, Tonga None None
08F February 10 – 13 Unspecified 996 Fiji, Tonga None None
10F February 11 – 13 Unspecified 996 Wallis and Futuna, Fiji None None
Wutip (Betty) February 18 – March 2 195 (120) 920 Caroline Islands, Guam $3.3 million None
Pola February 23 – March 2 165 (105) 950 Wallis and Futuna, Fiji, Tonga None None
Haleh February 28 – March 7 175 (110) 945 None None None

March[edit]

Ten tropical cyclones formed in the month of March, including six named tropical cyclones. A total of five systems strengthened into the equivalent of at least a Category 3 major hurricane on the Saffir Simpson hurricane wind scale (SSHWS)—the first such occurrence since September 2018. The month featured Cyclone Idai, which is currently the deadliest tropical cyclone of the year, responsible for 1,007 deaths in southern Africa.[8] Idai was also the costliest cyclone in the South-West Indian Ocean basin, inflicting more than $2 billion (USD) in damages.[9] Tropical Storm Iba became the first tropical cyclone to develop in the South Atlantic since Anita in 2010.

Tropical cyclones formed in March 2019
Storm name Dates active Max wind
km/h (mph)
Pressure
(hPa)
Areas affected Damage
(USD)
Deaths Refs
Idai March 4 – 16 195 (120) 940 Mozambique, Malawi, Madagascar, Zimbabwe ≥$2 billion 1,303 [9][10]
15U March 6 – 11 Unspecified 1007 Maluku Islands None None
Savannah March 7 – 20 175 (110) 951 Bali, Java, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands >$7.5 million 10
TL March 13 – 14 Unspecified Unspecified None None None
03W (Chedeng) March 14 – 19 Unspecified 1006 Palau, Philippines $23,000 None
Trevor March 15 – 26 175 (110) 950 Papua New Guinea, Queensland, Northern Territory $710 thousand None
Veronica March 18 – 31 195 (125) 938 Timor, Western Australia $1.2 billion None [11]
Joaninha March 18 – 30 185 (115) 939 Rodrigues None None
Iba March 23 – 28 85 (55) 1006 Brazil None None
TL March 31 – April 3 Unspecified 1005 Southeastern Papua New Guinea None None

April[edit]

April was an inactive month with six cyclones forming, of which four were named. Cyclone Kenneth became the most intense tropical cyclone to make landfall in Mozambique on record.[12] Kenneth killed 48 people, of which 41 were killed in the country of Mozambique.[13] Cyclone Fani struck parts of India and Bangladesh, killing 72 people in Odisha,[14] 17 people in Bangladesh,[15] and 8 in Uttar Pradesh.[16]

Tropical cyclones formed in April 2019
Storm name Dates active Max wind
km/h (mph)
Pressure
(hPa)
Areas affected Damage
(USD)
Deaths Refs
Wallace April 1 – 16 120 (75) 980 Eastern Indonesia, Northern Territory, East Timor, Western Australia, Cocos (Keeling) Islands None None
22U April 5 – 15 65 (40) 1006 New Guinea, Queensland, Northern Territory, Western Australia None None
Kenneth April 21 – 29 215 (130) 934 Seychelles, Madagascar, Comoros, Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi >$100 million 50 [13]
Lorna April 21 – May 1 150 (90) 964 None None None
TL April 21 – 26 55 (35) 1003 Sumatra, Cocos (Keeling) Islands None None
Fani April 26 – May 4 215 (130) 932 Sri Lanka, Odisha,Andhra Pradesh, East India, Bangladesh, Bhutan $8,12 billion[17][18] 89 [14][15][16]

May[edit]

May was a relatively inactive month with eight tropical cyclones forming. Four of these tropical cyclones reached the required intensity threshold to receive official names. Cyclone Lili developed at the beginning of the Australian region off-season, and struck East Timor and Indonesia's Maluku Islands, with rainfall-induced flooding causing minor damage to infrastructure and residential property. Cyclone Ann, another off-season Australian system, developed into a strong tropical storm on the SSHWS, and made landfall in Far North Queensland as a tropical low. Ann was the strongest Australian cyclone to develop in May since Rhonda in 1997. A subtropical storm named Jaguar formed in the South Atlantic, marking the second South Atlantic cyclone of the year, the first time two have occurred in the same year since 2016. The formation of the short-lived Subtropical Storm Andrea to the southwest of Bermuda began the Atlantic hurricane season early for the fifth year in a row.

Storm name Dates active Max wind
km/h (mph)
Pressure
(hPa)
Areas affected Damage
(USD)
Deaths Refs
Lili May 4 – 11 75 (45) 997 Eastern Indonesia, East Timor, Top End, Kimberley Moderate None
TD May 7 – 8 Unspecified 1006 Yap Islands, Palau None None
TD May 7 – 15 Unspecified 1004 Caroline Islands None None
Ann May 7 – 18 95 (60) 993 Solomon Islands, New Caledonia, Southern Papua New Guinea, Queensland, Top End, Eastern Indonesia, East Timor None None
TD May 10 – 11 Unspecified 1006 Yap Islands, Palau None None
12F May 16 – 21 55 (35) 1002 None None None
Jaguar May 20 – 22 65 (40) 1010 Brazil None None
Andrea May 20 – 21 65 (40) 1006 Bermuda None None

June[edit]

June was an inactive month in terms of the number of tropical cyclones formed, with only five systems occurring in total. June 1 also marked the official commencement of the Atlantic hurricane season. After the year's longest period without any cyclone activity, the first system in the Arabian Sea for the 2019 North Indian Ocean cyclone season formed on June 10. Named Vayu, the system intensified into a high-end very severe cyclonic storm on the Indian scale, equivalent to a minimal Category 3 major hurricane on the SSHWS. Late in the month, Hurricane Alvin became the first tropical cyclone of the Eastern Pacific hurricane season, marking the latest start to the season since reliable records began in 1971. A tropical depression briefly reached tropical storm intensity near Japan on 27 June, and was named Sepat. The cyclone was the first tropical storm to form in the western Pacific in four months.

Storm name Dates active Max wind
km/h (mph)
Pressure
(hPa)
Areas affected Damage
(USD)
Deaths Refs
Vayu June 10 – 19 150 (90) 978 Northern Maldives, Lakshadweep, Western India, Southeastern Pakistan >$140 thousand 8 [19][20][21]
Sepat (Dodong) June 17 – 28 75 (45) 992 Caroline Islands, Japan None None
TD June 26 55 (35) 1000 Ryukyu Islands, South Korea, Japan None None
Alvin June 25 – 29 120 (75) 992 Clarion Island None None
04W (Egay) June 26 – July 1 55 (35) 1006 Caroline Islands, Palau None None
Barbara June 30 – July 6 250 (155) 930 None None None

July[edit]

Hurricane Erick

The month of July was the third most active month in terms of total tropical cyclones and in terms of named storms in the year, with thirteen tropical cyclones forming, of which ten were named, behind August. Among these storms, Hurricane Barry made landfall between Midwestern United States and Southeastern United States as tropical storm, causing $500 million (USD) in damages and one person was indirectly killed by the storm.

Storm name Dates active Max wind
km/h (mph)
Pressure
(hPa)
Areas affected Damage
(USD)
Deaths Refs
Mun July 1 – 4 65 (40) 992 Hainan, South China, Paracel Islands, Vietnam, Laos $240 thousand 2
Cosme July 6 – 8 85 (50) 1001 None None None
Barry July 11 – 15 120 (75) 991 Midwestern United States, Southeastern United States, Gulf Coast of the United States, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Great Lakes region, Northeastern United States ≥ $600 million 0 (1) [22][23]
Four-E July 12 – 14 55 (35) 1006 None None None
Danas (Falcon) July 12 – 21 85 (50) 985 Yap Islands, Philippines, Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands, East China, Japan, Korean Peninsula, North China, Russian Far East, Kuril Islands $302 thousand 4
Goring July 17 – 19 55 (35) 996 Philippines, Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands None None
Dalila July 22 – 25 65 (40) 1005 Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua None None
Three July 22 – 23 50 (30) 1013 Bahamas None None
01 July 22 – 24 45 (30) 1001 None None None
Nari July 24 – 27 65 (40) 998 Bonin Islands, Japan None None
Erick July 27 – August 5 215 (130) 952 Hawaii None None
Flossie July 28 – August 6 130 (80) 990 Hawaii None None
Wipha July 30 – August 3 85 (50) 985 Paracel Islands, Hainan, South China, Vietnam, Laos $44.3 million None

August[edit]

The month of August was the second-most active of the year with eighteen tropical cyclones forming, with fourteen being named, out of all the cyclones, Hurricane Dorian in the Atlantic was the strongest to form and the most deadly, with thousands suspected dead and many more unaccounted for,[24] and Typhoon Lekima (2019) became the second most costliest storm in Chinese history, behind Typhoon Fitow of 2013.

Storm name Dates active Max wind
km/h (mph)
Pressure
(hPa)
Areas affected Damage
(USD)
Deaths Refs
Francisco August 1 – 7 130 (80) 970 Japan, Korean Peninsula Unknown 1
Lekima (Hanna) August 2 – 14 195 (120) 925 Caroline Islands, Philippines, Ryukyu Islands, Taiwan, China, Korean Peninsula, Russian Far East $9.28 billion 91 [25][26][27][28]
Gil August 3 – 5 65 (40) 1006 None None None
Krosa August 5 – 16 155 (100) 950 Mariana Islands, Japan, Korean Peninsula, Russian Far East $20.3 million 3
BOB 03 August 6 – 11 55 (35) 988 East India, Bangladesh None None
TD August 6 – 8 55 (35) 996 Philippines None None
Henriette August 12 – 13 70 (45) 1005 Central America, Southwestern Mexico, Revillagigedo Islands, Baja California Peninsula None None
TD August 17 – 18 Unspecified 1006 None None None
TD August 19 – 21 Unspecified 1004 Ryukyu Islands, Taiwan, East China None None
Bailu (Ineng) August 20 – 27 95 (60) 985 Philippines, Taiwan, South China Unknown 3
Chantal August 21 – 24 65 (40) 1009 Southeastern United States None None
Ivo August 21 – 25 100 (65) 992 Revillagigedo Islands, Baja California Peninsula, Northwestern Mexico None None
Dorian August 24 – September 12 295 (185) 910 Leeward Islands, Barbados, Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, The Bahamas, Southeastern United States. Atlantic Canada, $8.28 billion 63 [29][30][31][32]
Podul (Jenny) August 25 – 31 85 (50) 992 Yap, Philippines, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia $2.35 million 15
Erin August 26 – 29 65 (40) 1005 Eastern United States Minimal None [33]
Faxai August 30 – September 10 155 (100) 955 Wake Island, Japan $8.12 billion 3
Kajiki (Kabayan) August 30 – September 7 65 (45) 996 Philippines, South China, Vietnam, Laos None None
Lingling (Liwayway) August 31 – September 7 165 (105) 940 Philippines, Ryukyu Islands $236 million 8

September[edit]

The month of September was the most active of the year with twenty-five tropical cyclones forming, with nineteen being named. Out of all the cyclones, Hurricane Lorenzo in the Atlantic is the most intense of the month and become one of the largest and most powerful category 5 hurricanes on record for the central tropical Atlantic in the satellite era.[34] Tropical Storm Fernand caused heavy flooding in Northwest Mexico, killing one person and causing at least $213 million in damage. The activity of the month in the Eastern Pacific became a record-tying most active in the month between 1966, 1992, 1994, 1997 and 2005 forming six named storms in the basin. Severe Tropical Storm (later Typhoon) Tapah (Nimfa) worsened the flooding situation in the Philippines. No tropical cyclones were formed in South Atlantic.

Storm name Dates active Max wind
km/h (mph)
Pressure
(hPa)
Areas affected Damage
(USD)
Deaths Refs
Juliette September 1 – 7 205 (125) 953 None None None
TD September 1 – 4 55 (35) 998 Philippines None None
Fernand September 3 – 5 85 (50) 1000 Northwestern Mexico, Southern Texas $383 million 1 [35][36]
Gabrielle September 3 – 10 100 (65) 995 Cape Verde, British Isles None None
Akoni September 4 – 6 65 (40) 1004 None None None
TD September 4 – 5 Unspecified 1006 Caroline Islands None None
TD September 7 – 10 55 (35) 1000 Ryukyu Islands None None
Marilyn September 7 – 10 55 (35) 998 Caroline Islands, Philippines None None
Kiko September 12 – 25 215 (130) 950 None None None
Humberto September 13 – 20 205 (125) 951 Hispaniola, Cuba, Bahamas, Southeastern United States, Bermuda None 1
Peipah September 13 – 16 65 (40) 1000 Mariana Islands None None
TD September 15 Unspecified 996 None None None
TD September 17 – 20 Unspecified 1000 None None None
Tapah (Nimfa) September 17 – 23 120 (75) 970 Philippines None None
Lorena September 17 – 22 140 (85) 987 Southwestern Mexico, Western Mexico, Revillagigedo Islands, Baja California Peninsula None None
Mario September 17 – 23 100 (65) 992 None None None
Jerry September 17 – 25 165 (105) 971 Leeward Islands, Puerto Rico None None
Imelda September 17 – 21 65 (40) 1005 Southwestern United States, Texas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Arkansas ≥$2 billion 5
TD September 17 Unspecified 1004 Philippines None None
Karen September 22 – 27 75 (45) 1002 Windward Islands, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela, U.S. Virgin Islands, British Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico None None
Hikaa September 22 – 26 140 (85) 978 Gujarat, Oman None None
Lorenzo September 23 – October 2 260 (160) 925 West Africa, Cape Verde, Eastern United States, Azores, British Isles, France ≥$362 million 10
Mitag (Onyok) September 25 – October 3 140 (85) 965 Mariana Islands, Taiwan, Japan, East China, South Korea None None
Narda September 28 – October 1 (85) 50 998 Western Mexico, Southwestern Mexico None None
Land 01 September 29 – October 1 Unspecified Unspecified Gujarat None None

October[edit]

October was an active month, with 16 tropical cyclones. Typhoon Hagibis made landfall in Tokyo, Japan, becoming the worst typhoon in Japanese history since Ida in 1958. Cyclone Kyarr became the first Super Cyclonic Storm in the North Indian Ocean since Gonu in 2007 and the most intense since the 1999 Odisha Cyclone, and Hurricane Pablo became the easternmost Atlantic storm to ever strengthen into a hurricane, breaking Hurricane Vince’s record.

Storm name Dates active Max wind
km/h (mph)
Pressure
(hPa)
Areas affected Damage
(USD)
Deaths Refs
TD October 1 – 3 Unspecified 1010 None None None
Hagibis October 4 – 13 195 (120) 915 Mariana Islands, South Korea, Japan, Russian Far East $15 billion 95
Melissa October 11 – 14 100 (65) 995 Mid-Atlantic States, New England, Nova Scotia, None None
Ema October 12 – 14 85 (50) 1003 None None None
Fifteen October 14 – 16 55 (35) 1006 West Africa, Cape Verde None None
Neoguri (Perla) October 15 – 21 140 (85) 992 None None None
Octave October 17 – 19 75 (45) 1004 None None None
Bualoi October 18 – 25 185 (115) 935 None None None
Nestor October 18 – 19 95 (60) 996 Central America, Mexico, Southeastern United States >$150 million 0 (3)
Priscilla October 20 – 21 65 (40) 1004 Western Mexico >$3 million None
Kyarr October 24 – November 1 250 (155) 915 Gujarat, Iran, Pakistan, Oman None None
Olga October 25 – 26 65 (40) 998 United States Gulf Coast >$100 million 1
Pablo October 25 – 28 130 (80) 977 Azores None None
Matmo October 28 – November 1 100 (60) 992 Vietnam >$53 million None
Maha October 30 – November 7 185 (115) 956 India None None
Rebekah October 30 – November 1 75 (45) 987 Azores None None

November[edit]

Typhoon Halong

The month of November was relatively inactive, with only eleven tropical cyclones forming. However, Typhoon Halong became the strongest storm of the year, peaking with a minimum central pressure of 905 millibars. Cyclone Bulbul caused extensive damage in West Bengal during the early period of the month, with damage estimates likely exceeding over US$2.5 billion. Typhoon Nakri, far earlier in the month, and Typhoon Kammuri, near the end of the month, both lashed parts of the Philippines with heavy rainfall and strong wind, killing 34 people in the country in total. Additionally, Tropical Cyclone Rita became the first cyclone of the 2019-20 South Pacific cyclone season.

Storm name Dates active Max wind
km/h (mph)
Pressure
(hPa)
Areas affected Damage
(USD)
Deaths Refs
Halong November 2 – 9 215 (130) 905 None None None
Nakri (Quiel) November 4 – 11 120 (75) 980 Philippines >$40 million 22
Bulbul November 5 – 11 155 (100) 980 Andaman and Nicobar Islands, East India, Bangladesh $2.6 billion 38 [37][38][39][40][41]
Fengshen November 10 – 18 155 (100) 965 Marshall Islands, Northern Mariana Islands None None
Kalmaegi (Ramon) November 11 – 21 120 (75) 980 Philippines None None
Raymond November 15 – 17 85 (50) 1000 Revillagigedo Islands, Baja California Peninsula None None
Twenty-One-E November 16 – 18 55 (35) 1006 Southwest Mexico None None
Fung-wong (Sarah) November 19 – 24 100 (65) 990 Philippines None None
Sebastien November 19 – December 2 100 (65) 994 Leeward Islands None None
TD November 22–23 Not specified 1010 None None None
Rita November 22 – 27 120 (75) 978 Solomon Islands, Vanuatu None None
Kammuri (Tisoy) November 24 - December 6 165 (105) 950 Caroline Islands, Mariana Islands, Philippines $116 million 12
TD November 26–29 55 (35) 1002 Mariana Islands None None
TD November 29 - December 1 55 (35) 1002 Caroline Islands None None

December[edit]

Very Intense Tropical Cyclone Ambali

The month of December was only slightly active, with nine tropical cyclones forming but only six tropical cyclones being named. However, Ambali became the strongest storm of the month, peaking with a minimum central pressure of 930 millibars and maximum sustained winds of 155 mph (250 km/h), thus becoming the first very intense tropical cyclone in the basin since Fantala in 2016 and also becoming the first cyclone of the 2019-20 South-West Indian Ocean cyclone season. Adding to the season, Cyclone Belna formed and made a destructive landfall in northwestern Madagascar, killing 9 people. Additionally, before becoming the last typhoon of the 2019 Pacific typhoon season, Typhoon Phanfone made a devastating landfall in the Philippines on Christmas Eve causing over ₱3,39 billion (US$67.2 million) in damage and leaving 50 people in the nation dead.

Storm name Dates active Max wind
km/h (mph)
Pressure
(hPa)
Areas affected Damage
(USD)
Deaths Refs
Belna December 2 – 11 185 (115) 955 Seychelles, Mayotte, Comoros, Madagascar Unknown 9
Pawan December 2 – 7 75 (45) 999 Somalia Unknown 1
ARB 06 December 3 – 5 95 (60) 1002 Tamil Nadu Unknown 25
Ambali December 3 – 8 250 (155) 930 None None None
ARB 08 December 8 – 10 55 (35) 1004 Socotra, Somalia None None
02F December 19 – 23 Unspecified 999 None None None
Phanfone (Ursula) December 19 - 29 175 (110) 970 Caroline Islands, Philippines $67.2 million 50
Sarai December 23 – January 2 110 (70) 972 Fiji, Tonga, Niue, Southern Cook Islands $2.3 million 2
Calvinia December 27 - January 1 120 (75) 973 Mauritius, Rodrigues Unknown None

Global effects[edit]

Season name Areas affected Systems formed Named storms Damage (USD) Deaths
2019 Atlantic hurricane season Bermuda, Midwestern United States, Southeastern United States, Gulf Coast of the United States, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Great Lakes region, Atlantic Canada, Northeastern United States, Bahamas, Cape Verde, Azores 20 18 $11,38 billion 111
2019 Pacific hurricane season Central America, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Hawaii, Hawaiian Islands, Johnston Atoll, Southwestern Mexico, Clarion Island, Western Mexico, Baja California Peninsula, Northwestern Mexico, Southwestern United States, Texas 21 19 $16.1 million 11
2019 Pacific typhoon season 3 Natuna Islands, Vietnam, Malaysia, Thailand, Myanmar, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Caroline Islands, Palau, Philippines, Guam, Federated States of Micronesia, Mariana Islands, Yap Islands, Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands, East China, Japan, Korean Peninsula, North China, Russian Far East, Western Alaska, Arctic, Kuril Islands, Bonin Islands, Laos, 52 29 $34.1 billion 388
2019 North Indian Ocean cyclone season Thailand, Myanmar, Andaman Islands, Sumatra, Nicobar Islands, Sri Lanka, East India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Gujarat, Saudi Arabia, Iran, Pakistan, Oman, Somalia 11 7 $11.5 billion 173
South Atlantic tropical cyclone Brazil 2 2 None None
2018–19 South-West Indian Ocean cyclone season 2 Tanzania, Madagascar, Rodrigues, Mauritius, Mozambique, Malawi, Zimbabwe, Seychelles, Comoros 9 9 >$2.311 billion 1,382
2019–20 South-West Indian Ocean cyclone season 3 Seychelles, Mayotte, Comoros, Madagascar,Mauritius,Rodrigues 4 3 $0 9
2018–19 Australian region cyclone season 2 Queensland, Northern Territory, Western Australia, New South Wales, Indonesia, East Timor, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, New Caledonia, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Christmas Island, Lord Howe Island 17 9 $1.234 billion 14
2018–19 South Pacific cyclone season 2 Solomon Islands, Fiji, Wallis and Futuna, Samoan Islands, Tonga, Vanatu, New Caledonia 11 4 $51 million None
2019–20 South Pacific cyclone season 3 Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Fiji, Lau islands, Tonga 3 2 None 2
Worldwide (See above) 150[a] 102 >$60.632836 billion 2,090[b]
  1. ^ The sum of the number of systems in each basin will not equal the number shown as the total. This is because when systems move between basins, it creates a discrepancy in the actual number of systems.
  2. ^ The sum of the number of fatalities in each basin will not equal the number shown as the total. This is because when systems move between basins, it creates a discrepancy in the actual number of fatalities.

Notes[edit]

1The "strength" of a tropical cyclone is measured by the minimum barometric pressure, not wind speed. Most meteorological organizations rate the intensity of a storm by this figure, so the lower the minimum pressure of the storm, the more intense or "stronger" it is considered to be. The strongest winds were actually from Dorian, at 185 mph (295 km/h) when measured on a 1-minute sustained basis.
2 Only systems that formed either on or after January 1, 2019 are counted in the seasonal totals.
3 Only systems that formed either before or on December 31, 2019 are counted in the seasonal totals.
4 The wind speeds for this tropical cyclone/basin are based on the IMD Scale which uses 3-minute sustained winds.
5 The wind speeds for this tropical cyclone/basin are based on the Saffir Simpson Scale which uses 1-minute sustained winds.
6The wind speeds for this tropical cyclone are based on Météo-France which uses gust winds.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Olarn, Kocha. "Storm kills 3 in Thailand, moves into Andaman Sea". CNN. Retrieved 2019-04-09.
  2. ^ "Pabuk leaves 4 dead, billions of Baht in damage – Thailand". ReliefWeb. Retrieved 2019-04-09.
  3. ^ Olarn, Kocha. "Storm Kills 3 in Thailand, moves into Andaman Sea". CNN. CNN. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
  4. ^ Wright, Pam. "Tropical Storm Pabuk Makes First on Record Southern Thailand January Landfall; Two Killed, Thousands Evacuated". The Weather Channel. The Weather Channel. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
  5. ^ Dalizon, Alfred. "Landslide buried 7 treasure hunters in Agusan del Norte". Journal Online. People's Journal. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
  6. ^ "Wutip 2019 – Hurricane And Typhoon Updates". blogs.nasa.gov. Retrieved 2019-04-09.
  7. ^ Matthew Cappucci (February 25, 2019). "The strongest February typhoon on record packs 180 mph gusts, sideswiping Guam". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 21, 2019.
  8. ^ Leahy, Stephen (2019-03-19). "Why Cyclone Idai was so destructive". Environment. Retrieved 2019-04-09.
  9. ^ a b "Resources stretched as Cyclone Kenneth piles misery on Mozambique". Reliefweb. 27 April 2019. Retrieved 27 April 2019.
  10. ^ "Hundreds feared dead after Cyclone Idai". BBC News. 18 March 2019. Retrieved 18 March 2019.
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External links[edit]

Regional Specialized Meteorological Centers

Tropical Cyclone Warning Centers

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Weather Service.