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Lepidophyma flavimaculatum.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Sauria
Infraorder: Scincomorpha
Family: Xantusiidae
Genus: Lepidophyma
A.H.A. Duméril, 1851

See text

Lepidophyma is a genus of lizards, commonly called Tropical night lizards. The genus Lepidophyma (Greek for "warty scales") is one of three genera of night lizards (family Xantusiidae), which are a group of viviparous (live-bearing) lizards. There are 19 species of tropical night lizard in the genus Lepidophyma, making it the most populous night lizard genus. Species of the genus Lepidophyma are distributed throughout Central America, found anywhere from central Mexico to Panama, depending on the particular species. Tropical night lizards, particularly the yellow-spotted variety, are sometimes called Central American bark lizards by pet dealers and owners.


The following 19 species are recognized as being valid.[1]

Nota bene: A binomial authority in parentheses indicates that the species was originally described in a genus other than Lepidophyma.


  1. ^ "Lepidophyma ". The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.
  2. ^ Beolens B, Watkins M, Grayson M. 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Lepidophyma smithii, p. 246).

Further reading[edit]

  • Boulenger GA. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Second Edition. Volume II. ... Xantusiidæ ... London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). (Taylor and Francis, printers). xiii + 497 pp. + Plates I-XXIV. (Genus Lepidophyma, p. 326).
  • Duméril AHA. 1851. In: Duméril AMC, Duméril AHA. 1851. Catalogue méthodique de la Collection des Reptiles du Muséum d'Histoire naturelle de Paris. Paris: Gide et Baudry/Roret. 224 pp. (Lepidophyma, new genus, p. 137). (in French).
  • Goin CJ, Goin OB, Zug GR. 1978. Introduction to Herpetology, Third Edition. San Francisco: W.B. Freeman and Company. xi + 378 pp. ISBN 0-7167-0020-4. (Genus Lepidophyma, p. 287).

External links[edit]