Panulirus ornatus

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Panulirus ornatus
Panulirus ornatus.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Decapoda
Family: Palinuridae
Genus: Panulirus
Species: P. ornatus
Binomial name
Panulirus ornatus
(Fabricius, 1798)
Synonyms [2]
  • Palinurus ornatus Fabricius, 1798
  • Palinurus sulcatus H. Milne-Edwards, 1837
  • Panulirus sulcatus White, 1847
  • Palinurus (Senex) sulcatus Pfeffer, 1881
  • Senex ornatus Lanchester, 1900

Panulirus ornatus (known by a number of common names, including tropical rock lobster,[3][4] ornate rock lobster,[5] ornate spiny lobster[2] and ornate tropical rock lobster[6]) is a large edible spiny lobster with 11 larval stages that has not been successfully bred in captivity.[3]

P. ornatus has a wide geographical range in the Indo-Pacific, from the Red Sea and KwaZulu-Natal in the west to Japan and Fiji in the east.[2] In most parts of its range, the lobster is netted or speared, while in Northeast Australia, a commercial fishery has existed since 1966 and the harvesting of the species is regulated by the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority.[2][4] The species now also occurs in the Mediterranean, having invaded as a Lessepsian migrant through the Suez Canal.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ A. Cockcroft; M. Butler & A. MacDiarmid (2011). "Panulirus ornatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d Lipke B. Holthuis (1991). "Panulirus ornatus". FAO Species Catalogue, Volume 13. Marine Lobsters of the World. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125. Food and Agriculture Organization. pp. 148–149. ISBN 92-5-103027-8. 
  3. ^ a b "Tropical rock lobsters. Home". Australian Institute of Marine Science. 18 August 2008. Retrieved 2012-01-26. The technological barrier to sustainable aquaculture of lobsters is their very long and complex larval life (up to six months and 11 stages in the tropical lobster) and their high larval mortality under current culture practices. 
  4. ^ a b "Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (GBRMPA), Detailed maps, MPZ8 - Townsville". Australian Government, Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. 24 April 2006. Retrieved 2011-01-04. 
  5. ^ "Marine fish picture gallery. Ornate rock lobster picture". Scuba Equipment USA. Division of Express Water Sports. Retrieved 2012-01-26. The Ornate Rock Lobster (Panulirus ornatus) belongs to the crustacean family Palinuridae. The Ornate Rock Lobster is also known as the painted lobster or coral crayfish. 
  6. ^ Matthew S. Payne; Mike R. Hall; Raymond Bannister; Lindsay Sly & David G. Bourne (2006). "Microbial diversity within the water column of a larval rearing system for the ornate rock lobster (Panulirus ornatus)". Aquaculture. 258 (1–4): 80–90. doi:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2006.04.001. The ornate tropical rock lobster, Panulirus ornatus has substantial potential as an aquaculture species though disease outbreaks during the animal's extended larval lifecycle are major constraints for success. 
  7. ^ Rodríguez, G.; Suárez, H. (2001). "Anthropogenic dispersal of decapod crustaceans in aquatic environments". Interciencia. 26 (7): 282–288. 

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