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palm orchids
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Tropidieae
Genus: Tropidia
  • Cnemidia Lindl.
  • Decaisnea Lindl.
  • Govindooia Wight
  • Muluorchis J. J. Wood
  • Schaenomorphus Thorel ex Gagnep.
  • Schoenomorphus Thorel ex Gagnep.

Tropidia is a genus of terrestrial, partly myco-heterotrophic orchids distributed across the warmer parts of both the Eastern and Western Hemispheres. Species are known that are native to China, Japan, the Indian Subcontinent, Indonesia, Indochina, Philippines, New Guinea, Australia, Latin America (from Mexico to Ecuador), the West Indies, Florida, and various islands of the Pacific (Solomon Islands, Fiji, New Caledonia, Galápagos, Vanuatu, the Ryukyus, etc.)[1][2][3]


Species recognized as of June 2014: [1]

  1. Tropidia acuminata Schltr. - New Guinea
  2. Tropidia angulosa (Lindl.) Blume - Guangxi, Taiwan, Tibet, Yunnan, Bhutan, India, Assam, Bangladesh, Java, Sumatra, Japan, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
  3. Tropidia angustifolia C.L.Yeh & C.S.Leou - Taiwan
  4. Tropidia bambusifolia (Thwaites) Trimen - southern India, Sri Lanka, Andaman Islands
  5. Tropidia connata J.J.Wood & A.L.Lamb in J.J.Wood & P.J.Cribb - Sabah
  6. Tropidia corymbioides Schltr. - New Guinea
  7. Tropidia curculigoides Lindl. - widespread across southern China, the Himalayas, the Andaman Islands, Indochina, much of Indonesia, New Guinea, New Caledonia, and the Northern Territory of Australia
  8. Tropidia disticha Schltr. in K.M.Schumann & C.A.G.Lauterbach - New Guinea, Solomons, Bismarcks
  9. Tropidia effusa Rchb.f. in B.Seemann - Fiji, Samoa
  10. Tropidia emeishanica K.Y.Lang - Sichuan
  11. Tropidia gracilis Schltr. in K.M.Schumann & C.A.G.Lauterbach - New Guinea
  12. Tropidia janowskyi J.J.Sm. - New Guinea
  13. Tropidia mindanaensis Ames - Mindanao
  14. Tropidia mindorensis Ames - Mindoro
  15. Tropidia multiflora J.J.Sm. - Sumba
  16. Tropidia multinervis Schltr. - New Guinea
  17. Tropidia nanhuae W.M.Lin, Kuo Huang & T.P.Lin - Taiwan
  18. Tropidia nipponica Masam. - Japan, Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands
  19. Tropidia pedunculata Blume - widespread from the western Himalayas to New Guinea, including Indochina, Malaysia, Philippines and much of Indonesia
  20. Tropidia polystachya (Sw.) Ames - Florida, Mexico, Central America, West Indies (including Bahamas and Cayman Islands), Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador (including Galápagos)
  21. Tropidia ramosa J.J.Sm. - New Guinea
  22. Tropidia reichenbachiana Kraenzl. - Maluku
  23. Tropidia robinsonii Ames - Luzon
  24. Tropidia saprophytica J.J.Sm. - Borneo
  25. Tropidia schlechteriana J.J.Sm. - Maluku
  26. Tropidia septemnervis (Schauer) Rchb.f. - Philippines
  27. Tropidia similis Schltr. - New Guinea
  28. Tropidia somae Hayata - Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands, possibly Philippines
  29. Tropidia territorialis D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. - Northern Territory of Australia
  30. Tropidia triloba J.J.Sm. - New Guinea
  31. Tropidia viridifusca Kraenzl. - Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Norfolk Island


External links[edit]