Trostianets

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Trostianets
Тростянець
Galitzine Palace in Trostyanets
Galitzine Palace in Trostyanets
Flag of Trostianets
Coat of arms of Trostianets
Trostianets is located in Sumy Oblast
Trostianets
Trostianets
Trostianets is located in Ukraine
Trostianets
Trostianets
Coordinates: 50°28′N 34°57′E / 50.467°N 34.950°E / 50.467; 34.950Coordinates: 50°28′N 34°57′E / 50.467°N 34.950°E / 50.467; 34.950
Country Ukraine
OblastSumy Oblast
RaionTrostianets Raion
Population
 (2021)
 • Total19,797

Trostianets (also Trostyanets; Ukrainian: Тростянець, pronounced [trosʲtʲɐˈnɛt͡sʲ]) is a city in the Sumy Oblast in Ukraine, and serves as the administrative center of the Trostianets Raion. The city lies on the Boromlya River, 59 km (37 mi) from Sumy. Landmarks include a neo-Gothic "round courtyard" (1749), the late Baroque church of the Annunciation (1744–50), the 18th-century Galitzine palace, and a "grotto of nymphs" (an 1809 centenary memorial to the Battle of Poltava). The city has a population of 19,797 (2021 est.).[1]

Many were killed and the city was badly damaged during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.

History[edit]

Round yard

Trostianets arose in the first half of the 17th century, during a new wave of migration of peasants and Cossacks from the Right-bank Ukraine to Sloboda Ukraine. The name of the city is associated with the name of the river Trostyanka, which flows nearby.

Until 1765, Trostianets was under the jurisdiction of the Okhtyrka Regiment, then - part of Sloboda Ukraine. From 1835 Trostyanets was a part of Kharkov Province of the Russian Empire situated within the Akhtyrka Uyezd.

During 1864, the composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky stayed at a villa in Trostianets when composing his overture The Storm.[2]

From 1868 to 1874 the estate was owned by a St. Petersburg merchant. In 1874, Trostianets was acquired by the great sugar producer Leopold Koenig. The last owner of the estate until 1917 was his son Julius.

In 1877, by order of the Russian Minister of Railways, the Smorodyne locomotive depot was built in Trostianets and 12 steam locomotives were purchased.

A local newspaper began to be published in Trostianets in 1930,[3] and in the city[clarification needed] after 1940.[4][5]

On 12 July 1940, Trostianets was granted administrative status as a city. During World War II, the city was occupied by Axis troops from October 1941 to August 1943. In January 1989 the population was 25,706 people.[6][5]

2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine[edit]

During the Russian invasion of Ukraine, Trostianets — strategically located between the larger settlements of Sumy and Kharkiv — was attacked by Russian forces shortly after the invasion was launched on 24 February[7] and was captured by them on 1 March 2022.[8] On 4 March, 2022, an unfolding humanitarian catastrophe was reported by local authorities.[clarification needed][9] Trostianets was liberated by the Ukrainian 93rd Mechanized Brigade on 26 March. The city suffered major damage to its infrastructure during the fighting and a Ukrainian official said that the retreating Russian troops had mined a local hospital.[10] The villa Tchaikovsky had stayed in was among buildings destroyed by the Russian troops.[2]

The regional prosecutor’s office in Sumy opened an investigation over evidence that Russian troops had thrown hand grenades at civilians protesting the Russian occupation of Trostianets on March 18.[11]

After the city had been liberated, the British newspaper The Guardian found evidence of executions, torture and looting. [12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2021 / Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2021 (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine.
  2. ^ a b "Tchaikovsky's house destroyed by Russian army in north-east Ukraine".
  3. ^ № 3108. Ленинским путём // Летопись периодических и продолжающихся изданий СССР 1986—1990. Часть 2. Газеты. М., «Книжная палата», 1994. стр.406
  4. ^ Тростянец // Большая Советская Энциклопедия. / под ред. А. М. Прохорова. 3-е изд. том 26. М., «Советская энциклопедия», 1977.
  5. ^ a b Тростянец // Большой энциклопедический словарь (в 2-х тт.). / редколл., гл. ред. А. М. Прохоров. том 2. М., "Советская энциклопедия", 1991.
  6. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность городского населения союзных республик, их территориальных единиц, городских поселений и городских районов по полу". Archived from the original on 2012-01-18. Retrieved 2022-03-27.
  7. ^ "Ukraine says it retook captured town near Russian border". Times of Israel. 27 March 2022. Archived from the original on 26 March 2022. Retrieved 27 March 2022.
  8. ^ "Російські війська повністю зайняли Тростянець: створили «штаб» та розбили всі дороги — глава Сумської ОДА". HB (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 2022-03-22. Retrieved 2022-03-16.
  9. ^ "Окупанти розмістили техніку на вокзалі й не дають поховати померлих: у Тростянці гуманітарна катастрофа". novyny.live (in Ukrainian). 4 March 2022. Archived from the original on 4 March 2022. Retrieved 27 March 2022.
  10. ^ "Russians plant mines in hospital before retreating from Trostianets". Ukrinform. 27 March 2022. Archived from the original on 27 March 2022. Retrieved 27 March 2022.
  11. ^ "Stalingrad tank division destroyed as key town retaken". charter97. 2022-03-28. Retrieved 2022-03-26.
  12. ^ "‘Barbarians’: Russian troops leave grisly mark on town of Trostianets", The Guardian, 5 April 2022

External links[edit]