|Motto(s): "The Good Neighbor Town"|
Location of Troup, Texas
|• Total||2.41 sq mi (6.24 km2)|
|• Land||2.40 sq mi (6.22 km2)|
|• Water||0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)|
|Elevation||456 ft (139 m)|
|• Density||780/sq mi (300/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1348809|
Troup is a city in Smith and Cherokee counties in the U.S. state of Texas. The population was 1,869 at the 2010 census. Troup lies in two counties as well as two core based statistical areas. The Smith County portion of the city is part of the Tyler Metropolitan Statistical Area, while the Cherokee County portion is part of the Jacksonville Micropolitan Statistical Area.
Troup is situated between the two very old Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Creek intertribal settlements of Nanih Shinuk (Sand Hill) and Ofunlo Hina (Screech Owl Bend), whose descendants still live there.
Troup was developed as a railroad town when the International Railroad Company opened the Palestine-Troupe line in 1872. The town was platted in 1873.
The town may have been named after a governor or a county in Georgia.
Troup is located in southeastern Smith County at  The city limits extend south into Cherokee County. Texas State Highway 110 passes through the center of town, leading northwest 19 miles (31 km) to Tyler and south 26 miles (42 km) to Rusk. Texas State Highway 135 shares two blocks of Duval Street (Named after John Crittenden Duval the only survivor of the Goliad Massacre,and known as the Father of Texas Literature)with Highway 110 in the center of town and leads northeast 25 miles (40 km) to Kilgore and southwest 17 miles (27 km) to Jacksonville.(32.144382, -95.120018).
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,949 people, 731 households, and 491 families residing in the city. The population density was 829.9 people per square mile (320.2/km²). There were 839 housing units at an average density of 357.3 per square mile (137.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 73.01% White, 20.88% African American, 0.62% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 3.03% from other races, and 1.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.93% of the population.
There were 731 households out of which 35.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples living together, 17.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.8% were non-families. 29.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.24.
In the city, the population was spread out with 29.8% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 17.6% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 81.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $29,969, and the median income for a family was $35,750. Males had a median income of $30,761 versus $18,370 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,554. About 13.6% of families and 18.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.0% of those under age 18 and 19.1% of those age 65 or over.
- The current mayor of Troup is Joe Carlyle.
- The current city manager is Gene Cottle.
- The current Chief of Police is Pat Hendrix.
- The current Chief of the volunteer fire department is Tim Mager.
- The Director of Public Works is John Phillips.
Troup is the second community to legalize beer, wine, and liquor for retail sale in Smith County since 1939, second to Winona which legalized retail sale in 2010.
Public education in the city of Troup is provided by the Troup Independent School District.
Troup High School was the 1995 Texas 2A State Science champion, also winning the individual Texas 2A State Biology championship the same year. Its Cross-Examination Debate team competed at state in 2008. Also in 2008, its production of Deborah Brevoort's The Women of Lockerbie advanced to regionals in UIL one-act play competition, winning acclaim for its cast, director Melissa Freeman.
The Troup High School Tigers won the Texas 1A State Football championship in 1973 and the Texas 2A State Boys Basketball championship in 1992 and 1993. The Tigers also competed in the 2004 Texas State Football Championship, losing to the Crawford Pirates (hometown of then President of the United States George W. Bush) in the final game. Troup High School golfers won the Texas B State Golf championship in 1951, the Texas 1A State Golf championship in 1971, the Texas 2A State Golf championship in 1985 and competed in the Texas 2A State Golf Championship in 2007. They also won the 2017 3A Golf State Championship. Numerous students have won event state championships in track and field over the years.
Troup is also the hometown of Byron Payton, a member of the United States 1980 Olympic boxing team. He died with 21 other members of the team when their Polish Airlines Ilyushin IL-62 crashed short of the runway in Warsaw, Poland, on 14 March 1980. The Byron Payton Memorial Gym in Troup is named after him and the Byron Payton Memorial Fight Night has been held there annually in his honor since 1985.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Troup city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved July 27, 2015.
- "Troup Texas". Troup Texas. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- Boxers' Death - TIME