Trowbridge & Livingston
Trowbridge & Livingston was an architectural practice based in New York City in the early 20th century. The firm's partners were Samuel Breck Parkman Trowbridge (1862–1925) and Goodhue Livingston (1867–1951). Founded in 1894 as Trowbridge, Livingston & Colt, the firm became known for its commercial, public, and institutional buildings, many in a Beaux Arts or neoclassical style, including the B. Altman and Company department store (1905), J. P. Morgan Building (1913), and the Oregon State Capitol (1938). Often commissioned by well-heeled clients, the firm's work especially prevalent in the Upper East Side and Wall Street precincts of New York.
Trowbridge was born May 20, 1862 to William Petit Trowbridge and Lucy Parkman Trowbridge, the fourth of eight children. His father was a military engineer who oversaw construction of Fort Totten Battery, and repairs to Fort Schuyler during the American Civil War. After the War, he became professor of mechancial engineering at Yale's Sheffield Scientific School in 1871, then at the Columbia School of Mines in 1877. The younger Trowbridge studied at Trinity College in Hartford, Connecticut. On graduating in 1883, he attended Columbia University, and later studied abroad at the American School of Classical Studies in Athens and at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. On his return to New York, he entered the office of George B. Post. Trowbridge worked in the firm for over 30 years, until his death in 1925.
Goodhue Livingston, from a distinguished family of colonial New York, received his undergraduate and graduate degrees from Columbia during the same period Trowbridge was at the school.
In 1894, Trowbridge, Livingston and Stockton B. Colt formed a partnership that lasted until 1897 when Colt left, and the firm became Trowbridge & Livingston. Its major commissions were received between 1901 and 1938, most in a Beaux Arts or neoclassical style.
The majority of the firm's work was in New York City, where the firm designed several notable public and commercial buildings. Among the most famous are the neo-Baroque St. Regis Hotel (1904) and the former department store for B. Altman and Company (1905), both on Fifth Avenue; the 37-story Bankers Trust Company Building (1912) at 14 Wall Street; and the J. P. Morgan Building (1913), across the street at 23 Wall Street.
Their practice extended to townhouses on Manhattan's Upper East Side, of which 11 East 91st Street and 49 East 68th Street (1914) remain. The New York Society Library, a lending library with a long genteel tradition in New York, moved into the former John Rogers House at 53 East 79th Street.
New York City projects
- The Nathaniel L. McCready House (1896)
- 123 East 63rd Street (1900)
- St. Regis Hotel (1901–1904), 2 East 55th Street
- 123 East 70th Street (1902–1903)
- Knickerbocker Hotel (1902–1906), 1462–1470 Broadway
- The Links Club (1902), 36 East 62nd Street 
- B. Altman & Company department store (1905), 351–57 Fifth Avenue
- Engine Company 7, Ladder Company 1, FDNY (1905), 100 Duane Street (NYC Landmark)
- John B. and Caroline Trevor House (1909–1911), 11 East 91st Street 
- Benson Bennett Sloan House (1910), 41 East 65th Street 
- Bankers Trust Company (1910–1912), 14 Wall Street
- J.P. Morgan & Company Building (1913), 23 Wall Street 
- J. William and Margaretta C. Clark House (1913–1914), 49 East 68th Street 
- John S. Rogers House, 53 E. 79th St (1917)
- Extension to the New York Stock Exchange (1923), 8 Broad Street
- 44 Wall Street (1927)
- 15 Broad Street (1928)
- The Hayden Planetarium (1935) at the American Museum of Natural History, West 81st Street and Central Park West.
Projects outside New York City
- Jordanville Public Library (1907–1908), Jordanville, New York, listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP)
- The Gulf Building, now Gulf Tower (1932), Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in association with Edward Mellon;
- The Oregon State Capitol (1936–38) in Salem, in association with Francis Keally, NRHP-listed
- American National Red Cross, 17th and D Sts., NW Washington, D.C. Trowbridge & Livingston, NRHP-listed
- United States Post Office and Courthouse (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania), Jct. of 7th and Grant Sts. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Trowbridge & Livingston, NRHP-listed
- "Trowbridge & Livingston". New York Architecture. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
- Trowbridge & 1908 608–09.
- "B. Altman & Company Department Store Building" (pdf). The Graduate Center, CUNY. City University of New York. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
- White, Willensky & Leadon 2010, pp. 445.
- White, Willensky & Leadon 2010, pp. 423.
- White, Willensky & Leadon 2010, pp. 334.
- White, Willensky & Leadon 2010, pp. 438.
- White, Willensky & Leadon 2010, pp. 296.
- White, Willensky & Leadon 2010, pp. 421.
- White, Willensky & Leadon 2010, pp. 266–67.
- White, Willensky & Leadon 2010, pp. 85.
- White, Willensky & Leadon 2010, pp. 459.
- White, Willensky & Leadon 2010, pp. 426.
- White, Willensky & Leadon 2010, pp. 20.
- White, Willensky & Leadon 2010, pp. 19.
- White, Willensky & Leadon 2010, pp. 433.
- White, Willensky & Leadon 2010, pp. 397.
- Staff (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Trowbridge, Francis Bacon (1908). The Trowbridge Genealogy: History of the Trowbridge Family in America 1. New Haven, CT: Tuttle, Morehouse & Taylor. pp. 608–609. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- White, Norval; Willensky, Elliot; Leadon, Fran (2010). AIA Guide to New York City (5th ed.). New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199772919.