Troy, New York
|City of Troy|
|Etymology: Classical Troy|
The Collar City
Ilium fuit, Troja est (Latin for "Ilium was, Troy is" also translates as "Troy was, Troy is")
|• Type||Troy City Hall|
|• Mayor||Patrick Madden (D)|
|• City||11.06 sq mi (28.64 km2)|
|• Land||10.36 sq mi (26.83 km2)|
|• Water||0.70 sq mi (1.81 km2)|
|Highest elevation||500 ft (200 m)|
|Lowest elevation||0 ft (0 m)|
|• Density||4,600/sq mi (1,800/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
12179, 12180, 12181, 12182
|GNIS feature ID||0967902|
|Wikimedia Commons||Troy, New York|
Troy is a city in the U.S. state of New York and the seat of Rensselaer County. The city is located on the western edge of Rensselaer County and on the eastern bank of the Hudson River. Troy has close ties to the nearby cities of Albany and Schenectady, forming a region popularly called the Capital District. The city is one of the three major centers for the Albany metropolitan statistical area, which has a population of 1,170,483. At the 2020 census, the population of Troy was 51,401. Troy's motto is Ilium fuit, Troja est, which means "Ilium was, Troy is".
Today, Troy is home to Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, the oldest private engineering and technical university in the US, founded in 1824. It is also home to Emma Willard School, an all-girls high school started by Emma Willard, a women's education activist, who sought to create a school for girls equal to their male counterparts. Due to the confluence of major waterways and a geography that supported water power, the American industrial revolution took hold in this area, making Troy reputedly the fourth-wealthiest city in America around the turn of the 20th century. Troy, therefore, is noted for a wealth of Victorian architecture downtown and elaborate private homes in various neighborhoods. Several churches have a concentrated collection of stained-glass windows by Louis Comfort Tiffany. Troy is also home to the world-renowned Troy Music Hall, which dates from the 1870s and is said to have superb acoustics in a combination of restored and well-preserved performance space.
The area had long been occupied by the Mahican Indian tribe, but Dutch settlement began in the mid-17th century. The patroon, Kiliaen van Rensselaer, called the region Pafraets Dael, after his mother. The Dutch colony was conquered by the English in 1664, and in 1707, Derick van der Heyden purchased a farm near today's downtown area. In 1771, Abraham Lansing had his farm in today's Lansingburgh laid out into lots. Sixteen years later, Van der Heyden's grandson Jacob had his extensive holdings surveyed and laid out into lots, naming the new village Vanderheyden.
In 1789, Troy adopted its present name following a vote of the people. Troy was incorporated as a town two years later, and extended east across the county to the Vermont line, including Petersburgh. In 1796, Troy became a village and in 1816, it became a city. Lansingburgh, to the north, became part of Troy in 1900.
1500 to 1700: the Mohican and the Skiwia Indians
Prior to the arrival of Europeans, the Mohican Indians had a number of settlements along the Hudson River near its confluence with the Mohawk River. The land comprising the Poesten Kill and Wynants Kill areas were owned by two Mohican groups. The land around the Poesten Kill was owned by Skiwias and was called Panhooseck. The area around the Wynants Kill, known as Paanpack, was owned by Peyhaunet. The land between the creeks, which makes up most of downtown and South Troy, was owned by Annape. South of the Wynants Kill and into present-day North Greenbush, the land was owned by Pachquolapiet. These parcels of land were sold to the Dutch between 1630 and 1657, and each purchase was overseen and signed by Skiwias, the sachem at the time. In total, more than 75 individual Mohicans were involved in deed signings in the 17th century.
1700: The Dutch and the British
The site of the city was a part of Rensselaerswyck, a patroonship created by Kiliaen van Rensselaer. Dirck Van der Heyden was one of the first settlers. In 1707, he purchased a farm of 65 acres (26 ha), which in 1787 was laid out as a village.
The 1800s: Canals, shipping, early industrialization
The name Troy (after the legendary city of Troy, made famous in Homer's Iliad) was adopted in 1789, before which it had been known as Ashley's Ferry, and the region was formed into the Town of Troy in 1791 from part of the Manor of Rensselaerswyck. The township included Brunswick and Grafton. Troy became a village in 1801 and was chartered as a city in 1816. In the post-Revolutionary War years, as central New York was first settled, a strong trend to classical names existed, and Troy's naming fits the same pattern as the New York cities of Syracuse, Rome, Utica, Ithaca, and the towns of Sempronius and Manlius, and dozens of other classically named towns to the west of Troy.
Northern and Western New York was a theater of the War of 1812, and militia and regular army forces were led by Stephen Van Rensselaer of Troy. Quartermaster supplies were shipped through Troy. A local butcher and meatpacker named Samuel Wilson supplied the military, and according to an unprovable legend, barrels stamped "The U.S." were jokingly taken by the troops to stand for "Uncle Sam" meaning Wilson. Troy has since claimed to be the historical home of Uncle Sam.
On December 23, 1823, The Troy Sentinel was the first publisher of the world-famous Christmas poem "A Visit from St. Nicholas" (also known as "The Night Before Christmas" or "'Twas the Night Before Christmas"). The poem was published anonymously. Its author has long been believed to have been Clement Clarke Moore, but is now regarded by a few to have been Henry Livingston, Jr.
Scientific and technical proficiency was supported by the presence of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), one of the highest-ranked engineering schools in the country. RPI was originally sponsored by Stephen Van Rensselaer, one of the most prominent members of that family. RPI was founded in 1824, and eventually absorbed the campus of the short-lived, liberal arts-based Troy University, which closed in 1862 during the Civil War. Rensselaer founded RPI for the "application of science to the common purposes of life", and it is the oldest technological university in the English-speaking world. The institute is known for its success in the transfer of technology from the laboratory to the marketplace.
Through much of the 19th and into the early 20th century, Troy was one of the most prosperous cities in the United States. Prior to its rise as an industrial center, Troy was the transshipment point for meat and vegetables from Vermont, which were sent by the Hudson River to New York City. The trade was vastly increased after the construction of the Erie Canal, with its eastern terminus directly across the Hudson from Troy at Cohoes in 1825. Another artery constructed was the Champlain canal. In 1916, Troy Federal Lock opened as one of the first modern locks along the present-day canal system.
Troy has been nearly destroyed by fire three times. The Great Troy Fire of 1862 burned the W. & L. E. Gurley, Co. factory, which was later that year replaced by the new W. & L. E. Gurley Building, now a National Historic Landmark: Gurley & Sons remains a worldwide leader in precision instrumentation.
Troy's one-time great wealth was produced in the steel industry, with the first American Bessemer converter erected on the Wynantskill, a stream with falls in a small valley at the south end of the city. The industry first used charcoal and iron ore from the Adirondacks. Later on, ore and coal from the Midwest were shipped on the Erie Canal to Troy and there processed before being sent on down the Hudson to New York City. The iron and steel were also used by the extensive federal arsenal across the Hudson at Watervliet, New York, then called West Troy. After the American Civil War, the steel production industry moved west to be closer to raw materials. The presence of iron and steel also made it possible for Troy to be an early site in the development of iron storefronts and steel structural supports in architecture, and some significant early examples remain in the city.
Troy was an early home of professional baseball and was the host of two major league teams. The first team to call Troy home was the Troy Haymakers, a National Association team in 1871 and 1872. One of their major players was Williams H. "Bill" Craver, a noted catcher and Civil War veteran, who also managed the team. Their last manager was Jimmy Wood, reckoned the first Canadian in professional baseball. The Troy Haymakers folded, and Troy had no team for seven seasons. Then, for four seasons, 1879 to 1882, Troy was home to the National League Troy Trojans. The Trojans were not competitive in the league, but they did field a young Dan Brouthers, who went on to become baseball's first great slugger.
In 1892, Robert Ross, a poll watcher, was shot dead (and his brother wounded) by operatives of Mayor Edward Murphy, later a U.S. Senator, after uncovering a man committing voter fraud. The convicted murderer, Bartholomew "Bat" Shea, was executed in 1896, although another man, John McGough, later boasted that he had actually been the shooter.
The initial emphasis on heavier industry later spawned a wide variety of highly engineered mechanical and scientific equipment. Troy was the home of W. & L. E. Gurley, Co., makers of precision instruments. Gurley's theodolites were used to survey much of the American West after the Civil War and were highly regarded until laser and digital technology eclipsed the telescope and compass technology in the 1970s. Bells manufactured by Troy's Meneely Bell Company ring all over the world. Troy was also home to a manufacturer of racing shells that used impregnated paper in a process that presaged the later use of fiberglass, Kevlar, and carbon-fiber composites.
The 1900s: Industrialization, railroads, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
In 1900, Troy annexed Lansingburgh, a former town and village whose standing dates back prior to the War of Independence, in Rensselaer County. Lansingburgh is thus often referred to as "North Troy". However, prior to the annexation, that portion of Troy north of Division Street was called North Troy and the neighborhood south of Washington Park is referred to as South Troy. To avoid confusion with streets in Troy following the annexation, Lansingburgh's numbered streets were renamed: its 1st Street, 2nd Street, 3rd Street, etc., became North Troy's 101st Street, 102nd Street, 103rd Street, etc. Lansingburgh was home to the Lansingburgh Academy.
In the early 1900s, the New York Central Railroad was formed from earlier railroads and established its "Water Level Route" from New York City to Chicago. At Troy, where the west–east running Mohawk River joins the north–south running Hudson River, the railroad coming from New York City along the Hudson, turns 90° to head west along the Mohawk River. The New York Central connected at Troy with the Boston and Maine RR from Boston and the Delaware and Hudson RR from Canada. The railroads quickly made obsolete the 1800s-constructed canals along the Mohawk. The former NYC operates today as the Norfolk Southern for freight and AMTRAK for passenger service.
In addition to the strong presence of the early American steel industry, Troy was also a manufacturing center for shirts, shirtwaists, collars, and cuffs. In 1825, a local resident Hannah Lord Montague, was tired of cleaning her blacksmith husband's shirts. She cut off the collars of her husband's shirts since only the collar was soiled, bound the edges and attached strings to hold them in place. (This also allowed the collars and cuffs to be starched separately.) Montague's idea caught on and changed the fashion for American men's dress for a century. Her patented collars and cuffs were first manufactured by Maullin & Blanchard, which eventually was absorbed by Cluett, Peabody & Company. Cluett's "Arrow shirts" are still worn by men across the country. The large labor force required by the shirt manufacturing industry also produced in 1864 the nation's first female labor union, the Collar Laundry Union, founded in Troy by Kate Mullany. On February 23, 1864, 300 members of the union went on strike. After six days, the laundry owners gave in to their demands and raised wages 25%. Further developments arose in the industry, when in 1933, Sanford Cluett invented a process he called Sanforization, a process that shrinks cotton fabrics thoroughly and permanently. Cluett, Peabody's last main plant in Troy, was closed in the 1980s, but the industrial output of the plant had long been transferred to facilities in the South.
When the iron and steel industry moved westward to Pennsylvania around Pittsburgh to be closer to iron ore from Lake Erie and nearby coal and coke needed for the Bessemer process, and with a similar downturn in the collar industry, Troy's prosperity began to fade. After the passage of Prohibition, and given the strict control of Albany by the O'Connell political machine, Troy became a way station for an illegal alcohol trade from Canada to New York City. Likewise, the stricter control of morality laws in the neighboring New England states encouraged the development of openly operating speakeasies and brothels in Troy. Gangsters such as "Legs Diamond" conducted their business in Troy, giving the city a somewhat colorful reputation through World War II. A few of the buildings from that era have since been converted to fine restaurants, such as the former Old Daly Inn.
Kurt Vonnegut lived in Troy and the area, and many of his novels include mentions of "Ilium" (an alternate name for Troy) or surrounding locations. Vonnegut wrote Player Piano in 1952, based on his experiences working as a public relations writer at nearby General Electric. His 1963 novel, Cat's Cradle, was written in the city and is set in Ilium. His recurring main character, Kilgore Trout, is a resident of Cohoes, just across the Hudson River from Troy.
2000 to today
Like many old industrial cities, Troy has had to deal with the loss of its manufacturing base, loss of population and wealth to the suburbs, and to other parts of the country. This led to dilapidation and disinvestment until later efforts were made to preserve Troy's architectural and cultural past.
As of 2014[update], Troy is updating its citywide comprehensive plan for the first time in more than 50 years. The two-year process is known as "Realize Troy" and was initiated by the Troy Redevelopment Foundation (with members from the Emma Willard School, RPI, Russell Sage College, and St. Peter's Health Partners). Urban Strategies Inc. (Toronto) is planning Troy's redevelopment.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.0 square miles (28 km2), of which 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) (5.44%) is covered by water.
Troy is located several miles north of Albany near the junction of the Erie and Champlain canals, via the Hudson River, and is the terminus of the New York Barge Canal. It is the distributing center for a large area.
The city is on the central part of the western border of Rensselaer County. The Hudson River makes up the western border of the city and the county's border with Albany County. The city borders within Rensselaer County, Schaghticoke to the north, Brunswick to the east, and North Greenbush to the south; to the west, the city borders the Albany County town of Colonie, the villages of Menands and Green Island, and the cities of Watervliet and Cohoes. To the northwest, Troy borders the Saratoga County village of Waterford within the town of Waterford.
The western edge of the city is flat along the river, and then steeply slopes to higher terrain to the east. The average elevation is 50 feet, with the highest elevation being 500 feet in the eastern part of the city. The city is longer than it is wide, with the southern part wider than the northern section of the city (the formerly separate city of Lansingburgh). Several kills (Dutch for creek) pass through Troy and empty into the Hudson. The Poesten Kill and Wynants Kill are the two largest, and both have several small lakes and waterfalls along their routes in the city. Several lakes and reservoirs are within the city, including Ida Lake, Burden Pond, Lansingburgh Reservoir, Bradley Lake, Smarts Pond, and Wright Lake.
|U.S. Decennial Census 2020|
This section needs to be updated. The reason given is: Newer information is available from the 2020 Census report..(November 2021)
At the 2010 census, 50,129 people, 20,121 households and 10,947 families were residing in the city. The population density was 4,840.1 people/sq mi, with 23,474 housing units. The racial makeup of the city was 69.7% White, 16.4% African American, 0.3% Native American, 3.4% Asian, and 4.1% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 7.9% of the population.
The median household income in 2013 was $37,805 (NY average of $57,369), and the median family income was $47,827 (NYS average of $70,485). The median per capita income for the city was $20,872 (NY average of $32,514). About 27.3% of the population were living in poverty as of 2013.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (February 2009)
Troy is known as the "Collar City" due to its history in shirt, collar, and other textile production. At one point, Troy was also the second-largest producer of iron in the country, surpassed only by the city of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Troy, like many older industrial cities, has been battered by industrial decline and the migration of jobs to the suburbs. Nevertheless, the presence of RPI is helping Troy develop a small high-technology sector, particularly in video game development. The downtown core also has a smattering of advertising and architecture firms, and other creative businesses attracted by the area's distinctive architecture. Uncle Sam Atrium is an enclosed urban shopping mall, office space, and parking garage in downtown Troy. RPI is the city's largest private employer.
The Rensselaer School, which later became RPI, was founded in 1824 with funding from Stephen Van Rensselaer, a descendant of the founding patroon, Kiliaen. In 1821, Emma Willard founded the Troy Female Seminary. It was renamed Emma Willard School (America's first girl's high school and a high-academic boarding and day school) in 1895. The former Female Seminary was later reopened (1916) as Russell Sage College (a comprehensive college for women). All of these institutions still exist today.
In addition, Troy is home to the 10,000-student Hudson Valley Community College (part of the State University of New York system); two public school districts (Troy and Lansingburgh); three private high schools: La Salle Institute (Catholic military-style), Emma Willard School, Catholic Central High School (a regional Catholic high school in Lansingburgh section), and one K-12 charter school system, Troy Prep.
Northeast Health is now the umbrella administration of Troy's two large hospitals (Samaritan Hospital and St. Mary's Hospital).
The city is also home to numerous churches (Orthodox, Catholic, and Protestant), three synagogues, and one mosque.
The Hudson and Mohawk Rivers play their part, as does the Erie Canal and its lesser tributary canal systems, and later the railroads that linked Troy to the rest of the Empire State, New York City to the south, and Utica, New York, Syracuse, New York, Rochester, New York, Buffalo, New York, and the myriad of emergent Great Lakes' cities in the burgeoning United States.
- Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
- The Emma Willard School for Girls aka Emma Willard School
- The Hart-Cluett Mansion
- Paine Mansion
- Russell Sage College
- Troy Public Library
- Hudson Valley Community College
Natives of Troy expressed their passion for building, using the following materials, for an array of building features:
- Iron: cast and structural iron works (facades, gates, railings, banisters, stairwells, rooftop crenellation, window grilles, etc.)
- Stone: carved hard and soft stone foundations, facades and decorative elements
- Glass: as well as in the vast array of ornate stained and etched glass works;
- Wood: fine wood work in found in many of Troy's buildings.
Tiffany and La Farge created magnificent stained-glass windows, transoms and other decorative stained-glass treatments for their customers in Troy. With many examples of intact 19th-century architecture, particularly in its Central Troy Historic District, this has helped to lure several major movies to film in Troy, including Ironweed, The Age of Innocence (Filmed partially in the Paine mansion), Scent of a Woman, The Bostonians, The Emperor's Club, and The Time Machine. There are many buildings in a state of disrepair, but community groups and investors are restoring many of them.
Troy's downtown historic landmarks include Frear's Troy Cash Bazaar, constructed on a steel infrastructure clad in ornately carved white marble; the Corinthian Courthouse that is constructed of gray granite; the Troy Public Library, built in an elaborate Venetian palazzo style with high-relief carved white marble; the Troy Savings Bank Music Hall, designed in the Second Empire style, with a recital hall with highly regarded acoustic properties. There is a rich collection of Colonial, Federal, Italianate, Second Empire, Greek Revival, Egyptian Revival, Gothic Revival and other Romantic period townhouses surrounding the immediate downtown. The Hart-Cluett Mansion displays a Federal facade executed in white marble, quarried in Tuckahoe, New York. Often with foundations of rusticated granite block. Medina sandstone, a deep mud-red color, from Medina, New York, was also used.
As with many American cities, several city blocks in downtown Troy were razed during the 1970s as a part of an attempted urban renewal plan, which was never successfully executed, leaving still vacant areas in the vicinity of Federal Street. Today, however, there have since been much more successful efforts to save the remaining historic downtown structures.
Part of this effort has been the arrival of the "Antique District" on River Street downtown. Cafes and art galleries are calling the area home. As home to many art, literature, and music lovers, the city hosts many free shows during the summer, on River Street, in parks, and in cafes and coffee shops.
- Troy Flag Day parade – was the largest Flag Day parade in the US. It started in 1967 and ended in 2017.
- Troy River Fest – arts, crafts and music festival held every June in the downtown district.
- Uncle Sam Parade – was held near Samuel Wilson's birthday in mid-September. It was held last in 2015 after 40 years.
- Bakerloo Theatre Project – classical summer theatre
- The Victorian Stroll – held annually in December
- Troy Turkey Trot – Thanksgiving Day run; the oldest race in the Capital District.
- The Enchanted City – Steampunk festival in downtown Troy
- Troy Night Out – monthly arts and cultural event in the streets of Downtown Troy
- Rockin' on the River – outdoor concert series in June to August
- Troy Pig Out – BBQ competition in Riverfront Park
- Chowderfest – chowder festival in downtown Troy
- Troy Farmer's Market - held weekly, during the summer at Monument Square and River Street, and in the winter in the Atrium
The executive branch consists of a mayor who serves as the chief executive officer of the city. The mayor is responsible for the proper administration of all city affairs placed in his/her charge as empowered by the city charter. The mayor enforces the laws of New York State as well as all local laws and ordinances passed by the city council. She or he exercises control over all executive departments of the city government, including the Departments of Finance, Law, Public Safety, Public Works, Public Utilities, and Parks and Recreation.
The mayor's term of office is four years, and an incumbent is prohibited from serving for more than two consecutive terms (eight years).
The current mayor of Troy is Patrick Madden (D), who is serving his second term, having been re-elected on November 5, 2019.
Results from the last seven mayoral elections (an asterisk indicates the incumbent):
- November 5, 2019 – Patrick Madden *(D, W) defeated Rodney Wiltshire (G, I), Tom Reale (R, C)
- November 3, 2015 – Patrick Madden (D) defeated Jim Gordon (R, C, G, I, RF), Rodney Wiltshire (W), Jack Cox (REV)
- November 8, 2011 – Lou Rosamilia (D, W) defeated Carmella Mantello (R, C, I)
- November 6, 2007 – Harry Tutunjian *(R, I, C) defeated James Conroy (D), Elda Abate (TPP)
- November 4, 2003 – Harry Tutunjian (R, I, C) defeated Frank LaPosta (D)
- November 2, 1999 – Mark Pattison *(D, L, W) defeated Carmella Mantello (R, I, C)
- November 7, 1995 – Mark Pattison (D, C) defeated Kathleen Jimino (R, RtL, Fre), Michael Petruska (I, W), Michael Rourke (L)
- prior to the November 1995 election, a city-manager form of government was utilized
Troy's legislative branch consists of a city council composed of seven elected members: one at-large member who represents the entire city and acts as City Council President, and six district members who represent each of the six districts of Troy. Currently, there are 4 Democrats and 3 Republicans.
Each council member serves a two-year term and an incumbent is prohibited from serving for more than four consecutive terms (eight years).
The council meets on the first Thursday of every month at 7:00 pm in the City Hall council chambers. All meetings are open to the public and include a public forum period held before official business where residents can address the council on all matters directly pertaining to city government.
The current Troy City Council took office on January 1, 2020, and will serve until December 31, 2021. The members are:
- Carmella Mantello (R – At-Large; President)
- Jim Gulli (R – District 1)
- Kim McPherson (R – District 2)
- Sue Steele (D – District 3)
- Anasha Cummings (D – District 4)
- Ken Zalewski (D – District 5; President Pro Tempore)
- Eileen McDermott (D – District 6)
The City of Troy is divided into thirty (30) election districts, also known as EDs. An ED is the finest granularity political district that can be used, from which all other political districts are formed.
Other political districts that make use of these EDs include City Council Districts, County Legislative Districts, State Assembly Districts, State Senate Districts, and U.S. Congressional Districts.
City Council districts
The 30 EDs are grouped into six Council Districts, as follows:
- Council District 1: ED1–ED6
- Council District 2: ED7–ED10
- Council District 3: ED11–ED15
- Council District 4: ED16–ED18
- Council District 5: ED19–ED24
- Council District 6: ED25–ED30
New York State Senate districts
Two New York State Senate Districts, the 43rd and the 44th, each share a portion of their total areas with groups of EDs in Troy as follows:
New York State Assembly districts
Two New York State Assembly Districts, the 107th and the 108th, each share a portion of their total areas with groups of EDs in Troy as follows:
- Assembly District 107: ED1–ED8, ED12–ED15, ED23
- Assembly District 108: ED9–ED11, ED16–ED22, ED24–ED30
All other political districts that exist in Troy consist of the entire city — all 30 EDs:
- Route 22 – Albany – Troy – Watervliet
- Route 85 – Fifth Avenue – South Troy
- Route 87 – Hoosick Street
- Route 182 – Troy-Albany via Cohoes/Latham
- Route 224 – Albany – Troy via Route 4
- Route 286 – Troy – Wynantskill via RPI/15th Street
- Route 289 – Griswold Heights
- Route 370 – Troy – Schenectady
- Route 522 – Hudson River Express
- Route 922 – BusPlus Blue Line Cohoes/Delaware Ave
- Route 923 – BusPlus Blue Line Waterford/Albany South End
The New York Central Railroad, Delaware and Hudson Railroad, Rutland Railroad and Boston and Maine Railroad provided passenger rail service to Troy. By the late 1950s, only the Boston & Maine passenger service remained. The last Boston and Maine passenger train arrived from Boston, Massachusetts in 1958. Troy Union Station closed and was demolished later that year. Amtrak serves Albany-Rensselaer station, 8.5 miles to the south of Troy.
- Burden Iron Works, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1977
- Burden Ironworks Office Building, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1972
- Esek Bussey Firehouse, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973
- Cannon Building, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1970
- Central Troy Historic District, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1986
- Church of the Holy Cross, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973
- Fifth Avenue-Fulton Street Historic District, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1970
- Fire Alarm, Telegraph and Police Signaling Building, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2003
- Frear Park – 247 acre park with a golf course, ice rink, and restaurant
- Gardner Earl Memorial Chapel and Crematorium, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2003
- Glenwood, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973
- Grand Street Historic District, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973
- Halford–Hayner Farmstead, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2013
- Hart-Cluett Mansion – home of the Rensselaer County Historical Society, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973
- Haskell School, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2003
- Hudson Valley Community College – formerly, the Troy Technical Institute, then the Hudson Valley Technical Institute Ranked as one of the Top 100 two-year colleges in the nation by Community College Week in 2004
- Ilium Building, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1970
- Henry Koon House, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1997
- Lansingburgh Academy, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1976
- Lansingburgh Village Burial Ground, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2002
- McCarthy Building, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1970
- Herman Melville House, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1992
- Kate Mullany House, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1998
- National State Bank Building, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1970
- Northern River Street Historic District, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1988
- Oakwood Avenue Presbyterian Church, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2012
- Oakwood Cemetery – located in North Troy, or Lansingburgh; many famous Americans are buried here, including Civil War Major General George Henry Thomas ("The Rock of Chickamauga") and Samuel Wilson, better known as "Uncle Sam", listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984
- Old Troy Hospital, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973
- J. C. Osgood Firehouse, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2000
- Poesten Kill Gorge Historic District, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1978
- Powers Home, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1974
- Proctor's Theater, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979
- Prospect Park
- Public School No. 10, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1994
- Pumpkin House, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1998
- Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI) – the oldest technological institute in the English-speaking world
- Chapel + Cultural Center at Rensselaer, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2011 unique multipurpose performing arts and religious center
- Experimental Media and Performing Arts Center – state-of-the-art performing arts center on the RPI campus
- Houston Field House – hosts various concert events and RPI Hockey
- River Street Historic District, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1976
- Russell Sage College – liberal arts women's college
- Searle, Gardner and Company Cuff and Collar Factory, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2014
- Second Street Historic District, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1974
- Soldiers and Sailors Monument
- St. Barnabas Episcopal Church, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2004
- St. Paul's Episcopal Church Complex, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979
- Theta Xi Fraternity Chapter House, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2013
- Trinity Church Lansingburgh, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1995
- Troy Gas Light Company Gasholder house – one of few remaining examples of telescoping two-lift gasholder houses, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1971
- Troy Public Library, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973
- Troy Savings Bank Music Hall – world-renowned as "an acoustic marvel", listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979
- Troy Waste Manufacturing Company Building, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2014
- United States Post Office, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1989
- United Waste Manufacturing Company Building, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2013
- Van Zandt, Jacobs and Company Collar and Cuff Factory, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2014
- W. & L. E. Gurley Building, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1970
- Washington Park Historic District, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973
- Emma Willard School – Oldest secondary school for girls in the United States, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979
- Winslow Chemical Laboratory, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1974
- Woodside Church – Neo-Gothic church in South Troy; now home to the Contemporary Artists Center
- Joe Alaskey (1952–2016), American voice actor, known for various Looney Tunes characters
- Dave Anderson (1929-2018), Pulitzer Prize-winning sportswriter for The New York Times, born in Troy
- Garnet Douglass Baltimore (1859-1946), distinguished civil engineer and landscape designer, first African-American graduate of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
- Thomas Baker (1916–1944), U.S. infantryman, received Medal of Honor for Battle of Saipan
- James A. Barker, Wisconsin State Senator
- George Packer Berry (1898–1986), Dean of Harvard Medical School, born in Troy
- Nick Brignola (1936–2002), musician (internationally famous jazz baritone saxophonist), was born in Troy and lived his whole life in the area.[circular reference]
- Dorothy Lavinia Brown (1919-2004), African American surgeon, legislator and teacher, raised in the Troy Orphan Asylum for much of her childhood and attended Troy High School, where she graduated at the top of her class in 1937.
- Henry Burden (1791–1871), originally from Scotland, engineer and businessman who built an industrial complex in Troy called the Burden Iron Works that featured the most powerful water wheel in the world
- Hadden Clark, Cannibal child murderer and suspected serial killer; Born in Troy.
- James Connolly (1868–1916), a leader of the Irish Easter Rising, lived in Troy 1903 – c. 1910; a statue of Connolly was erected in Troy in 1986
- Thomas H. Conway, Wisconsin State Assemblyman
- Charles Crocker, a railroad executive, a founder of the Central Pacific Railroad, and an associate of Leland Stanford
- Jeff Daly, architect and designer, former head of design for the Metropolitan Museum of Art
- Blanche Dayne, an actress on vaudeville from 1890s to 1920s
- Courken George Deukmejian Jr. (1928–2018), an American politician from the Republican Party who was the 35th Governor of California from 1983 to 1991 and Attorney General of California from 1979 to 1983
- John Joseph Evers (1883–1947), baseball Hall of Fame second baseman
- Mame Faye (1866–1943), brothel mistress
- Robert Fuller (born 1933), actor, star of TV series Wagon Train, rancher, born in Troy
- Alice Fulton (born 1952), poet and author, MacArthur "Genius Grant" recipient, was born and raised in Troy; her novel The Nightingales of Troy follows a fictional Irish-American family through the 20th Century in Troy
- Henry Highland Garnet (1815–1882), African-American abolitionist, minister and orator; editor of The National Watchman and The Clarion
- Uri Gilbert (July 10, 1809 – June 17, 1888) 19th century mayor and alderman of Troy and owner of Gilbert Car Company.
- Abba Goddard (1819 - 1873), editor of The Trojan Sketchbook 
- Jay S. Hammond (1922–2005), fourth governor of Alaska from 1974 to 1982
- Benjamin Hanks (1755–1824), goldsmith, instrument maker, and first maker of bronze cannons and church bells in America
- Tim Hauser (1941–2014), singer and founding member of the vocal group The Manhattan Transfer
- Edward Burton Hughes, the Deputy Superintendent of New York State Department of Public Works from 1952 to 1967
- Theodore Judah, a railroad engineer for the Central Pacific Railroad
- King Kelly (1857–1894), professional baseball player, born in Troy
- Ida Pulis Lathrop (1859–1937), American painter, born in Troy.
- Dennis Mahoney (1974–), author, born in Troy
- William Marcy (1786–1857), governor, U.S. senator, U.S. Secretary of State
- Edward P. McCabe (1850-1920), African American settler, attorney and land agent, born in Troy
- Herman Melville (1819–1891), author (Moby Dick), from 1838 to 1847 resided in Lansingburgh
- John Morrissey (1831–1878), bare-knuckle boxer, U.S. representative, co-founder of Saratoga Race Course
- Kate Mullany (1845–1906), Irish-born labor organizer, founder of the Collar Laundry Union
- James Mullowney, Wisconsin State Assemblyman
- Edward Murphy Jr. (1836–1911), mayor, U.S. senator
- Florence Nash (1888–1950), actress
- Mary Nash (1884–1976), actress
- Mary Louise Peebles (1833–1915), author of children's books
- Cicero Price (1805–1888), United States Navy commodore who fought in American Civil War and was commander of East India Squadron, resided in Troy for 36 years
- Don Rittner, Historian, author, film maker
- George G. Rockwood (1832–1911), celebrity photographer
- Richard Selzer (1928-2016), surgeon and author, was born in Troy; his memoir Down from Troy recounts his experiences there as the son of a physician
- Jeanie Oliver Davidson Smith (1836-1925), poet, romancist
- Horatio Spafford (1828–1888), composer of the well-known Christian hymn "It Is Well With My Soul", was born in Lansingburgh (now Troy)
- Maureen Stapleton (1925–2006), Academy Award-winning actress of film, stage and television
- Lavinia Stoddard (1787–1820), poet, school founder
- John J. Taylor, U.S. Congressman
- Mike Valenti, radio commentator
- Joseph M. Warren, U.S. Representative for New York
- Amy Wax (born 1953), law professor
- Samuel Wilson (1766–1854), a butcher and meatpacker during War of 1812 whose name is believed to be the inspiration for the personification of the United States known as Uncle Sam
- Russell Wong (born 1963), actor
- Duke Zeibert (1910–1997), restaurateur
- David Baddiel (born 1964), comedian
Troy Fire Department's 119 uniformed personnel operate out of six fire stations located throughout the city and operate five engine companies, a rescue-engine company, two truck companies, three ambulances, a Hazardous Material response unit (Troy Fire Department is the hazardous material response unit for Rensselaer County) and two rescue boats.
|Station Name||Address||Engine Company||Truck Company||Emergency Medical Services Rescue Squad Company||Specialized Units|
|Headquarters||2175 6th Ave., adjacent to Central Station|
|Lansingburgh Station||SW cor 115th & 5th Ave||Engine 1||Truck||Ambulance|
|Bouton Road Station||SE cor Bouton Road & 15th Street, next to RPI Campus||Engine 2||Ambulance|
|Campbell Avenue Station||530 Campbell Avenue, NE cor Campbell Ave & Industrial Park Rd||Engine 3||Repair Shops/Boneyard|
|North Street Station||NE cor North St & River St||Engine 4|
|Central Station||2175 6th Ave, SE corner 6th Ave & Jacob St||Rescue-Engine 5||Truck||Rescue Squad, Ambulance||HazMat, BC|
|Canal Ave Station||SE corner Canal Ave & 3rd St||Engine 6|
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
- "Quick Facts: Troy city, New York". census.gov. Retrieved 2021-11-14.
- Ilium fuit is the well-known expression from the Aeneid, where it is the beginning of Parthus' reply to Aeneas. Aeneid, Bk. II., 325. 30 153, and which had come to mean a complete and final end. The second half, Troja est, is a defiant declaratory statement that nevertheless, Troy still lives.
- Rittner (2002), p. 27
- Rittner (2002), p. 22
- "America's Best Colleges 2007". U.S. News. 2006. Retrieved December 1, 2007.
- "RPI History Main Page". Retrieved January 21, 2007.
- "Rensselaer in Brief". 2008. Retrieved May 22, 2008.
- "Champlain Canal Guide: Albany to Troy - Erie Canal, Oswego Canal and Champlain Canal Guide". www.nycanals.com. Retrieved February 24, 2021.
- "A Resourceful People A Pictorial History of Rensselaer County, New York"
- "Arrow Shirt". March 25, 2009. Archived from the original on March 25, 2009. Retrieved August 8, 2019.
- Kenneth C. Crowe II (May 10, 2021). "Troy starts $40M project to replace lines to Tomhannock Reservoir". www.timesunion.com. Retrieved May 10, 2021.
- Kenneth C. Crowe II (June 20, 2014). "Troy plans for first citywide plan in 52 years". Times Union. Albany.
- Jim Franco (June 19, 2014). "A company to do a comprehensive plan (NEWS)". T-Spin.
- Robert Breuer, Troy's RiverSpark Visitor Center Archived December 5, 2004, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved August 1, 2007.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Troy (city), New York Quick Facts". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 15, 2013. Retrieved September 4, 2013.
- "Troy (city), New York City data". Retrieved February 26, 2016.
- "Unity House of Troy | Making Life Better – Human Service Agency – Domestic Violence, Street Ministry, Housing and Support Services, Unity Sunshine". www.unityhouseny.org. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
- "Joseph's House Troy, NY - shelter and support services for the homeless". www.josephshousetroy.org. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
- "Historic Homes of Troy's 2nd Street – Adirondack Girl @ Heart". Adirondack Girl @ Heart. November 25, 2014. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
- Kenneth C. Crowe II (March 2, 2018). "Troy's yearly Flag Day Parade over after 50-year run". Times Union. Albany.
- "Troy River Fest – Downtown Troy BID". Downtown Troy BID.
- Crowe II, Kenneth C. (June 2, 2016). "End of line for Troy's Uncle Sam Birthday Parade". Times Union. Retrieved May 3, 2020.
There will be no 41st annual parade on Sept. 13 to salute the 250th birthday of Samuel Wilson...
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- "Troy Night Out". Downtown Troy BID.
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- "The Market". Troy Farmers Market. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
- "Troy Farmers Market". Troy Farmers Market. Retrieved June 25, 2019.
- "Troy | www.cdta.org". www.cdta.org. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
- Ronald Dale Karr, The Rail Lines of Southern New England: A Handbook of Railroad History, Branch Line Press, 1995
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- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
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- "50 years of innovation and excellence". Hudson Valley Community College. Archived from the original on October 24, 2007. Retrieved December 21, 2009.
- "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 11/19/12 through 11/23/12. National Park Service. November 30, 2012.
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- "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 1/13/14 through 1/17/14. National Park Service. January 24, 2014.
- "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 12/09/13 through 12/13/13. National Park Service. December 20, 2013.
- "Troy Gas Light Company, Gasholder House" (PDF). Society for Industrial Archeology. Retrieved January 23, 2010.
- "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 2/10/14 through 2/14/14. National Park Service. February 21, 2014.
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- "Joe Alaskey, R.I.P." News From ME. February 3, 2016.
- Goldstein, Richard (October 4, 2018). "Dave Anderson, Award-Winning Times Sportswriter, Dies at 89". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 25, 2019.
- "Garnet Douglas Baltimore". Retrieved November 23, 2020.
- "70 years later, vets remember Saipan". POLITICO. Associated Press. Retrieved June 25, 2019.
- Altman, Lawrence K., "George P. Berry, 87, Is Dead; Bacteriologist and Educator", New York Times
- Nick Brignola
- "Dorothy Lavinia Brown (1919-2004) • BlackPast". BlackPast. January 19, 2015. Retrieved June 25, 2019.
- "Henry Burden". Times Union. Retrieved June 25, 2019.
- Jennings, Veronica T. (November 15, 1992). "Murder Suspect's 'Lifestyle is Getting Even'". Washington Post. Retrieved June 25, 2019.
- Townsend, Chris (May 2, 2016). "Celebrating the life of James Connolly in Troy, New York". People's World. Retrieved June 25, 2019.
- 'Wisconsin Blue Book 1929', Biographical Sketch of Thomas H. Conway, p. 558
- "Mame Faye: the inside scoop on Troy's second most famous figure". All Over Albany. Retrieved June 25, 2019.
- "Greg Schutz". Fiction Writers Review. Retrieved December 20, 2012.
- "Companion Map to Alice Fulton's The Nightingales of Troy". Google Maps. Retrieved December 20, 2012.
- Rittner, Don (February 2012). Legendary Locals of Troy. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4671-0007-6.
- Goddard, Abba A. (August 8, 1846). "The Trojan Sketch Book". Young & Hartt – via Google Books.
- Skinner, Charles. "Bell Casting in Troy". Meneeley Bell online Museum. Archived from the original on June 30, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2013.
- 1910 US Census: Edward B. Hughes (head) aged 30, Susan B. Hughes (wife) aged 30. Address: 693 Third Avenue, Troy.
- Who's Who in New York City and State. Volume 8. Lewis Randolph Hamersly, John William Leonard, William Frederick Mohr, Frank R. Holmes, Herman Warren Knox, Winfield Scott Downs (editors). L.R. Hamersly Company. 1924. p. 760.
|volume=has extra text (help)CS1 maint: others (link)
- "William Marcy". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 20, 2012.
- "John Morrissey". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 20, 2012.
- The Blue Book of the State of Wisconsin (18th ed.). Madison, Wis.: David Atwood. 1879. p. 495.
- "Edward Murphy". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 20, 2012.
- "WARREN, Joseph Mabbett, (1813–1896)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 10, 2012.
- Editors, History com. "United States nicknamed Uncle Sam". HISTORY. Retrieved June 25, 2019.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
Rensselaer County histories
- Anderson, George Baker (1897). Landmarks of Rensselaer County New York. Syracuse, New York: D. Mason and Company. OCLC 1728151.(Full text via the Internet Archive.)
- Hayner, Rutherford (1925). Troy and Rensselaer County New York: A History. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company, Inc. OCLC 22524006.
- Sylvester, Nathaniel Bartlett (1880). History of Rensselaer Co., New York with Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of its Prominent Men and Pioneers. Philadelphia: Everts & Peck. OCLC 3496287.
- Weise, Arthur James (1880). History of the Seventeen Towns of Rensselaer County from the Colonization of the Manor of Rensselaerwyck to the Present Time. Troy, New York: J. M. Francis & Tucker. OCLC 6637788.(Full text via the Internet Archive.)
- Rittner, Don (2002). Troy, NY: A Collar City History. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 0-7385-2368-2.
- City of Troy (1906). Charter of and laws relating to the city of Troy: as amended at the close of the legislative session of 1906. Troy Observer Co. OCLC 13208186.(Full text via Google Books.)
- Weise, Arthur James (1886). The city of Troy and its vicinity. Troy, New York: Edward Green. OCLC 8989214.(Full text via Google Books.)
- Weise, Arthur James (1891). Troy's one hundred years, 1789–1889. Troy, New York: William H. Young. OCLC 17346272.(Full text via Google Books.)
- Weise, Arthur James (1876). History of the city of Troy: from the Expulsion of the Mohegan Indians to the Present Centennial Year of Independence of the United States of America, 1876. Troy, New York: William H. Young. OCLC 12930415.
- Esposito, Michael A. (2009). Troy's Little Italy. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7385-6513-2.
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