Troy, Ohio

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Troy, Ohio
City
Aerial view of Troy
Aerial view of Troy
Motto(s): "Where Civic Pride is City Wide"
Location of Troy, Ohio
Location of Troy, Ohio
Location of Troy in Miami County
Location of Troy in Miami County
Coordinates: 40°2′30″N 84°12′31″W / 40.04167°N 84.20861°W / 40.04167; -84.20861Coordinates: 40°2′30″N 84°12′31″W / 40.04167°N 84.20861°W / 40.04167; -84.20861
CountryUnited States
StateOhio
CountyMiami
Government
 • MayorMichael Beamish (R)[1]
Area[2]
 • Total11.94 sq mi (30.92 km2)
 • Land11.72 sq mi (30.35 km2)
 • Water0.22 sq mi (0.57 km2)
Elevation[3]827 ft (252 m)
Population (2010)[4]
 • Total25,058
 • Estimate (2012[5])25,374
 • Density2,138.1/sq mi (825.5/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes45373-45374
Area code(s)937
FIPS code39-77588[6]
GNIS feature ID1049252[3]
Websitehttp://www.troyohio.gov/

Troy is a city in and the county seat of Miami County, Ohio, United States[7] located 19 miles (31 km) north of Dayton. The population was 25,058 at the 2010 census, making it the largest city in the county and the 61st largest city in Ohio; it is part of the Dayton Metropolitan Statistical Area. Troy is home to an annual Strawberry Festival the first weekend in June.[8]

History[edit]

Troy was platted ca. 1807.[9] A post office called Troy has been in operation since 1824.[10]

Troy was one of the cities impacted by severe flooding in the Great Flood of 1913.[11]

On August 28, 2004 George W. Bush had a rally in downtown Troy in the square.[12]

A definitive book on the history of Troy titled "Troy: The Nineteenth Century" was authored and published by Thomas Bemis Wheeler and the Troy Historical Society in January, 1970. Copies are still available online and through the organization. Detailed events include the founding of the city and the Ohio canal era of the 1800s.

Historic sites[edit]

A surviving welded steel house

The city was the location of the Hobart Welded Steel House Company, which might have become influential in U.S. housing, if pre-fabricated houses had succeeded in becoming popular after World War II. The firms' homes are similar to those of the more well-known Lustron houses of the Columbus, Ohio-based Lustron Corporation (which also failed). The Hobart firm manufactured and built 22 homes, all in Troy, 16 of which survive and are listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.[13]

1808 Overfield Tavern, one of Ohio's oldest taverns, now a museum

Other NRHP-listed properties in Troy include four unrelated homes, a tavern, the Miami County Courthouse and Power Station, the 1859 First Presbyterian Church, and the Troy Public Square.[14]

Geography[edit]

Troy is located at 40°2′30″N 84°12′31″W / 40.04167°N 84.20861°W / 40.04167; -84.20861 (40.041621, -84.208627).[15]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.94 square miles (30.92 km2), of which 11.72 square miles (30.35 km2) is land and 0.22 square miles (0.57 km2) is water.[2]

Miami County courthouse

Demographics[edit]

Post office
Troy's downtown includes a traffic circle

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $39,531, and the median income for a family was $46,889. Males had a median income of $35,819 versus $25,536 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,892. About 6.4% of families and 8.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.8% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2010, there were 25,058 people, 10,353 households, and 6,600 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,138.1 inhabitants per square mile (825.5/km2). There were 11,166 housing units at an average density of 952.7 per square mile (367.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.1% White, 4.2% African American, 0.2% Native American, 2.4% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.8% of the population.

There were 10,353 households of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.3% were non-families. 30.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.95.

The median age in the city was 36.9 years. 25.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28.1% were from 25 to 44; 25.7% were from 45 to 64; and 13.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.7% male and 51.3% female.

Government[edit]

The City of Troy is a Statutory form of Government, as described in Ohio Revised Code Sections 731 and 733. General statutory law is the form of government of municipalities if the electorate has not adopted, by vote, one of the other forms. In addition to a Council, a Mayor, President of Council and three principal administrators (Auditor, Treasurer and Solicitor) are chosen by the electorate. The daily operations of the City are administered by the Mayor. The City of Troy has a Service and Safety Director who reports to and is appointed by the Mayor.

The Mayor, Auditor and Law Director are elected to four year terms. The City Council is elected to two year terms on odd numbered years. President of City Council, three At-Large representatives and Ward representatives 1 through 4 are selected by the electorate. The current Mayor and Auditor were elected in 2011 and the City Council was elected in 2011.

The Troy City Police Department is located at 124 E. Main Street. The force has 38 officers and 3 civilian employees. The department is separated into 3 divisions: Patrol, Detective and Administration, with Charles Phelps as current Police Chief. The department moved to its current location in 1995.

Taxation[edit]

Income tax:

1.75% City of Troy[16]

1.50% Troy City School District [17]

The D08 parcel code tax district is for a 1.75% income tax to the City of Troy (paid to the city income tax department) [18] and a 1.50% income tax to the Troy City School District (paid to the State of Ohio).[19]

The 1.50% School District Income Tax was passed in the 2006 General Election (November 7, 2006) by a vote of 52.28% FOR (5395) to 47.72% AGAINST (4924).[20]

All residents and part year residents over the age of 18 must file. All tax filers must declare estimated income tax and pay quarterly payments if tax is due.[21]

Education[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810179
182029363.7%
183050472.0%
18401,351168.1%
18501,95644.8%
18602,64335.1%
18703,00513.7%
18803,80326.6%
18904,49418.2%
19005,88130.9%
19106,1224.1%
19207,26018.6%
19308,67519.5%
19409,69711.8%
195010,6619.9%
196013,68528.4%
197017,18625.6%
198019,00810.6%
199019,4782.5%
200021,99912.9%
201025,05813.9%
Est. 201725,865[22]3.2%
Sources:[23][24][6][25]

Troy City Schools operates public schools

School Type Grades Founded
Troy High School Public 9th-12th 1852
Troy Junior High School Public 7th 8th 1972
Troy Christian Private Pre K-12th 1980
Miami Montessori School Private Pre K-6th 1979
The Overfield School Private 18 months-Kindergarten 1960
Van Cleve Elementary Public 6th 1914
Concord Elementary Public K-5th 1955
Cookson Elementary Public K-5th 1963
Forest Elementary Public K-5th 1949
Heywood Elementary Public K-5th 1931
Hook Elementary Public K-5th 1967
Kyle Elementary Public K-5th 1950
St. Patrick School Private K-6th 1888

The Western Ohio Japanese Language School (オハイオ西部日本語学校 Ohaio Seibu Nihongo Gakkō) is a supplementary weekend Japanese school in unincorporated Miami County, near Troy. It started in April 1988.[26]

Troy has a public library, a branch of the Troy-Miami County Public Library.[27]

Media[edit]

The city and surrounding area are served by a daily newspaper based in Troy, the Troy Daily News in addition to WTJN-LP "Troy Community Radio" 107.1 FM and online.

Arts and culture[edit]

On August 30, 2013 Mumford & Sons had a concert in the Troy High School football stadium for their Gentlemen of the Road Stopover tour.[28]

Troy is home to the Troy-Hayner Cultural Center, a 1914 Romanesque mansion donated to the city by Mary Jane Harter Coleman Hayner. Hayner had been the wife William Hayner, founder of a Dayton-based mail order whiskey business which operated prior to the Prohibition. Today, the Troy-Hayner houses the Hayner Distillery Collection [29] as well as a variety of works by local artists.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Miami County, OH Elected City Officials" (PDF). Miami County, OH Board of Elections. p. 3. Retrieved 6 February 2016.
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
  3. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
  5. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-06-17. Retrieved 2013-06-17.
  6. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  7. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  8. ^ "Troy Strawberry Festival Homepage". Archived from the original on 2015-05-23.
  9. ^ Overman, William Daniel (1958). Ohio Town Names. Akron, OH: Atlantic Press. p. 134.
  10. ^ "Post offices". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
  11. ^ "Flood of 1913 remains Ohio's greatest". Archived from the original on 2011-05-22. Retrieved 2008-04-01.
  12. ^ http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/granule/PPP-PHOTOS-2004-book2/PPP-PHOTOS-2004-book2-folio-F/content-detail.html
  13. ^ Diana Good Cornelisse (August 1, 1987). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Hobart Welded Steel Houses Thematic Resources".
  14. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  15. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-09-27. Retrieved 2009-06-04.
  17. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-05-14. Retrieved 2009-06-04.
  18. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-10-23. Retrieved 2009-06-04.
  19. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-05-04. Retrieved 2009-06-04.
  20. ^ http://www.miamicountyelections.org/results/2006/eresults.php
  21. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2009-06-04.
  22. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 26, 2018.
  23. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio" (PDF). 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.[permanent dead link]
  24. ^ "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
  25. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 17 June 2013. Retrieved 25 November 2013.
  26. ^ "本校概要" (Archive). Western Ohio Japanese Language School. Retrieved on May 11, 2014. "所在地 2801 NORTH STRINGTOWN RD. TROY, OHIO  45373"
  27. ^ "Hours". Troy-Miami County Public Library. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  28. ^ http://www.daytondailynews.com/news/news/local/mumford-and-sons-gentlemen-of-the-road-stopover-fe/nZZXN/
  29. ^ http://www.troyhayner.org/distillery-museum.html
  30. ^ http://www.boltsfromtheblue.com/2009/7/31/970226/the-kris-dielman-story

External links[edit]