Troy Hill (Pittsburgh)
|• Total||0.46 sq mi (1.2 km2)|
|• Density||5,900/sq mi (2,300/km2)|
Troy Hill sits on a plateau above the Allegheny River. It is approximately 3 kilometers (1.9 mi) long from Vinial Street to the end of Lowrie Street and only 1 kilometer (0.62 mi) wide from Wicklines Lane to Herrs Island.
Troy Hill was originally part of the Reserve Tract laid out by surveyor and Pennsylvania Vice-President David Redick in 1788. Incorporated in 1833 as the village of New Troy, it was settled by German immigrants who worked in the mills, tanneries, breweries, and railroads that lined the Allegheny River. The migration up to Troy Hill began when a Catholic church opened a small cemetery in 1842. By 1866 one hundred families were officially Troy Hill residents. The adjacent riverfront land along with Herr's Island would in 1849 be incorporated into the short-lived Duquesne borough (distinct from the modern borough of the same name), that in 1868 was partitioned, the portion upriver of the northern end of Herr's Island becoming part of the newly-formed borough of Millvale, while the downriver portion including the island was annexed to the City of Allegheny as its 8th ward. The upland including the village of Troy Hill was also annexed, forming part of the 7th ward, and following an 1877 redistricting became the city's 13th ward. When Allegheny was annexed by Pittsburgh in 1907, most of its 8th and 13th wards became Pittsburgh's 24th ward, roughly corresponding to the modern Troy Hill neighborhood.
Troy Hill is home to six historic landmarks: the Troy Hill Firehouse, Saint Anthony's Chapel, the Rectory of Most Holy Name of Jesus, the Troy Hill Incline Building, the Allegheny Reservoir Wall, and the Ober-Guehl house.
In the 1830s, Troy Hill's population escalated significantly, resulting in the need of a school. In 1836, a 1-room brick school house was built in "New Troy" and named Mount Troy School #1, because at the time it was located in Reserve Township. It was sold in 1860, which then was replaced by a new, 2 room brick school house. A decade after the civil war, the pupils increased to around 200, so 2 more rooms were added in 1874. Troy Hill was now part of Allegheny's School System, and in 1883 the school was demolished and a new one was built in its place. That building was then also replaced by the Troy Hill School of 1907, but then was shut down in 1960 and demolished. The site of the original school is now a community park.
Troy Hill was the home to Commissioner Thomas J. Foerster who served 10 years in the state house and 28 years as the Commissioner of Allegheny County. He also served on the first county council established in 2000. Another notable resident was Andrew (Huck) Fenrich who served 9 terms in the state house, was executive secretary for the mayor of Pittsburgh, and also served as executive secretary for the Allegheny County Democrats.
Beginning in 2013, Evan Mirapaul, an art collector living in Troy Hill, commissioned two whole-house installations in the neighborhood. Both La Hutte Royal, created by German artist Thorsten Brinkmann, and Kunzhaus, by Polish artist Robert Kusmirowski, are free to tour by appointment.
|Source: PGHSNAP Census Data|
While "Troy Hill" generally refers to the historically German neighborhood atop the Troy Hill plateau, the neighborhood's boundaries also encompass the narrow and flat river plain that sits between the plateau and the Allegheny River, formerly part of the Borough of Duquesne. As of 2011[update], this river plain is dominated by Pennsylvania Route 28, an expressway which begins at East Ohio Street and then follows the river north. But before Route 28 became an expressway, this plain was a Croatian neighborhood that was settled by immigrants from Jastrebarsko, who called the neighborhood "Mala Jaska" and founded St. Nicholas Parish, and "Bohemian Hill" to the Southwest.
Troy Hill in Hollywood Films
Surrounding and adjacent neighborhoods
Troy Hill has five borders including the Pittsburgh neighborhoods of Spring Garden to the north and northwest, East Allegheny to the west, and North Shore to the southwest as well as Reserve Township to the north-northwest and the borough of Millvale to the northeast. Troy Hill is also adjacent to the Strip District across the Allegheny River with a direct link via 31st Street Bridge.
The Troy Hill neighborhood has 11 distinct flights of city steps, many of which are open and in a safe condition. In Troy Hill, the Steps of Pittsburgh quickly connect pedestrians to public transportation and the East Ohio Street trail.
Most Holy Name of Jesus Rectory, built around 1875, at 1700 Harpster Street.
Ober-Guehl House, built around 1877, at 1501 Lowrie Street.
Former Troy Hill Incline Station, built in 1887, at 1733 Lowrie Street.
H. J. Heinz Company, in the Troy Hill neighborhood of Pittsburgh, PA, since 1890.
Troy Hill Fire Station#39, built in 1901, at the corner of Ley and Froman Streets. As of 2013, no longer a firehall, but used by the City as home of the Police Bureau's Commercial Vehicle Enforcement division.
Heinz Lofts, built from 1913 to 1927, at 300 Heinz Street.
- "PGHSNAP 2010 Raw Census Data by Neighborhood". PGHSNAP Utility. Pittsburgh Department of City Planning. 2012. Retrieved 28 June 2013.
- Pfeil, Richard J., Jean E. Koch, Janet M. Koch, and Robert J. Bartolowits. Footprints of Troy Hill. N.p.: n.p., 2012. Print.
- "Pittsburghtransit.com - The Routes - PCC Operation". August 28, 2005. Archived from the original on August 28, 2005. Retrieved August 9, 2009.
- "Post Gazette: Is Art Home?".
- "PGH Snap Data".
- Nelson Jones, Diana (May 20, 2009). "North Side's "Mala Jaska" deteriorates as Route 28 grows". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 3 November 2011.
- "North Side: East North Side". Bridging the Urban Landscape. Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh. Retrieved 3 November 2011.
- Hinds, Michael Decourcy (1992-02-07). "Pittsburgh Journal; Horror Is a Thing Of Beauty In a Movie". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-03-18.
- Cato, Jason. "Where the 'Action!' is: Film crews invade city neighborhoods". TribLIVE.com. Retrieved 2017-03-18.
- Regan, Bob (2015). Pittsburgh Steps, The Story of the City's Public Stairways. Globe Pequot. ISBN 978-1-4930-1384-5.
- "Anthony's Chapel in Most Holy Name of Jesus Parish". Saints Alive. The International Crusade for Holy Relics. 1998-09-05. Retrieved 2006-09-22.
- Meinzer, Melissa (2007-01-18). "St. Anthony's Chapel". Pittsburgh City Paper. Retrieved 2007-02-27.