|Born||22 December 1895 |
|Died||1990 (aged 94–95)|
Trude Fleischmann (1895–1990) was an Austrian-born American photographer. After becoming a notable society photographer in Vienna in the 1920s, she re-established her business in New York in 1940.
Born in Vienna in December 1895, Fleischmann was the second of three children in a well-to-do Jewish family. After matriculating from high school, she spent a semester studying art history in Paris followed by three years of photography at the Lehr- und Versuchsanstalt für Photographie und Reproduktionsverfahren in Vienna. She then worked for a short period as an apprentice in Dora Kallmus' fashionable Atelier d'Ora and for a longer period for photographer Hermann Schieberth. In 1919, she joined the Photographische Gesellschaft in Wien (Vienna Photographic Society).
In 1920, at the age of 25, Fleischmann opened her own studio close to Vienna's city hall. Her glass plates benefitted from her careful use of diffuse artificial light. Photographing music and theatre celebrities, her work was published in journals such as Die Bühne, Moderne Welt, 'Welt und Mode and Uhu. She was represented by Schostal Photo Agency (Agentur Schostal). In addition to portraits of Karl Kraus and Adolf Loos, in 1925 she took a nude series of the dancer Claire Bauroff which the police confiscated when the images were displayed at a Berlin theatre, bringing her international fame. Fleischmann also did much to encourage other women to become professional photographers.
With the Anschluss in 1938, Fleischmann was forced to leave the country. She moved first to Paris, then to London and finally, together with her former studient and companion Helen Post, in April 1939 to New York. In 1940, she opened a studio on West 56th Street next to Carnegie Hall which she ran with Frank Elmer who had also emigrated from Vienna. In addition to scenes of New York City, she photographed celebrities and notable immigrants including Albert Einstein, Eleanor Roosevelt, Oskar Kokoschka, Lotte Lehmann, Otto von Habsburg, Count Richard von Coudenhove-Kalergi and Arturo Toscanini. She also worked as a fashion photographer, contributing to magazines such as Vogue. She established a close friendship with the photographer Lisette Model.
On retirement in 1969, Fleischmann went to Lugano, Switzerland. After a serious fall in 1987, she returned to the United States where she lived with her nephew, the pianist Stefan Carell, in Brewster. She died there in January 1990.
- "Fleischmann, Trude", Austria-Forum. (in German) Retrieved 16 March 2013.
- Lisa Silverman, "Trude Fleischmann", Jewish Women's Archive. Retrieved 16 March 2013.
- "Trude Fleischmann" (from Muse XX, October 2007), Luminous Lint. Retrieved 16 March 2013.
- Rebecca Madamba (2008) The Schostal Agency: A Finding Aid for the Schostal Agency Collection at the Art Gallery of Ontario. Thesis of the Honours Bachelors of Arts, Studies in Arts and Culture, Concentration in Curatorial Studies, Brock University.
- "Trude Fleischmann: Der sebstbewusste Blick" (The self-assured view), Wien Museum. Retrieved 16 March 2011.
- Fleischmann, Trude; Holzer, Anton; Kreutler, Frauke (2011). Self-assured eye. Distributed Art Pub Incorporated. ISBN 978-3-7757-2780-8.