True Colors (Cyndi Lauper album)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
True Colors
Cyndi Lauper - True Colors.jpg
Studio album by
ReleasedSeptember 16, 1986
RecordedNovember 22, 1985 – May 31, 1986
Studio
GenrePop
Length37:57
LabelPortrait
Producer
  • Cyndi Lauper
  • Lennie Petze
Cyndi Lauper chronology
She's So Unusual
(1983)
True Colors
(1986)
The Best Remixes
(1989)
Singles from True Colors
  1. "True Colors"
    Released: August 28, 1986
  2. "Change of Heart"
    Released: November 11, 1986
  3. "What's Going On"
    Released: March 1987
  4. "Boy Blue"
    Released: June 1987
  5. "Maybe He'll Know"
    Released: September 1987

True Colors is the second studio album by American singer Cyndi Lauper, released on September 16, 1986, by Portrait Records.[1] The album spawned several commercially successful singles as "True Colors", "Change of Heart", and "What's Going On" reached the top 20 of the Billboard Hot 100, with the first two charting within the top five. The album was produced by Lauper herself together with Lennie Petze.

Upon its release, the album received generally positive reviews from music critics. The album earned Lauper several awards and accolades, including two nominations at the 29th Annual Grammy Awards. True Colors peaked at number four on the Billboard 200 chart. The album is Lauper's second best-selling release with around seven million copies worldwide.

Background and production[edit]

By the end of 1985, Lauper was established as one of the best-selling artists in the world. Her first studio album was certified 4 times platinum by RIAA[2] and received a diamond certification in Canada for sales in excess of 1 million copies, making her the first singer to achieve such a feat at that time.[3] According to Billboard magazine the music industry was eyeing the singer's next steps anxious to know if she could maintain the success of her debut.[4]

In her autobiography, the singer says that she initially planned that Rick Chertoff, who produced She's So Unusual, would produce what would become her second album, however, the experience with him was problematic and she changed her mind, likewise she refused to produce the album with Rob Hyman since he was affiliated with Chertoff.[5] The album was then produced by her and Lennie Petze.[5] Lauper said that the songs of the album are a way to say: "Have the courage of your convictions and love yourself a little", and "not to be so hard on yourself".[6] In addition to composing most of the songs on the album, the singer also produced it.[5]

The title song, written by Billy Steinberg and Tom Kelly, has been covered by many other artists, and was used as the theme song for the 1988 Summer Olympics, the 2003 Rugby World Cup and for Kodak cameras and film.

In 2010, the song was also featured on the soundtrack of Sex and the City 2. True Colors was reissued in a Japanese exclusive limited edition box set 11-track digitally remastered CD album.

Critical reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic[7]
The Village VoiceB–[8]
Rolling StoneFavorable[9]

The album received favorable reviews from music critics. Eugene Chadbourne from AllMusic website gave the album three and a half stars out of five and wrote that while the album is "ambitious" and "some of the stretches really pay off" some of its aspects "date badly" like the "highly reverberated and artificial sounding drums and keyboards" which "were really popular at the time". He concluded that despite those problems "there really wasn't that much music recorded by this artist during her most popular period, so fans will no doubt want to own it all."[7] Robert Christgau from The Village Voice gave the album a B MINUS and wrote that the first side of the LP consists of "cheap sentiment" and is "disheartening" and that "the second isn't much more than a relief". He finalized the review writing that "girls just want to have money--and no fun changes everything".[8] Jimmy Guterman from Rolling Stone magazine gave the album a favorable review and wrote that Lauper's voice "sounds more comfortable at any given moment on True Colors than she did on all of She's So Unusual" and that the album "seems to indicate her extreme ease in her new surroundings" and that "she's found a new sense of peace — or at least she's heading in that direction" but he concludes that "her uneasiness gave her early work much of its spark; what places True Colors a notch below her debut is that Cyndi Lauper just isn't that unusual anymore."[9]

Commercial performance[edit]

In the United States, True Colors has been certified double platinum by the RIAA and peaked at number four on the Billboard 200. It topped the Australian chart for four weeks and, in Japan, outsold She's So Unusual, although that was not the case in most countries. The album produced the singles "True Colors" (No. 1 Billboard Hot 100), "Change of Heart" (No. 3), "What's Going On" (No. 12), and "Boy Blue" (No. 71). Each single had a music video although the video for "Boy Blue" was just a live performance from her Zenith concert in Paris. According to Lauper's official website, the album was certified 4× Platinum in Australia and Platinum in Italy.[10] The album sold around 7 million copies worldwide.[11]

Track listing[edit]

Side one
No.TitleWriter(s)PublisherLength
1."Change of Heart"
Stone & Muffin Music Corp., Rella Music4:22
2."Maybe He'll Know"
Rella Music, Turi Music4:25
3."Boy Blue"
Rella Music, Perfect Punch Music, Liquid Crystal Music4:46
4."True Colors"Denise Barry Music, Billy Steinberg Music3:46
5."Calm Inside the Storm"Scratch & Shift Music; Rella Music3:54
Side two
No.TitleWriter(s)PublisherLength
6."What's Going On"Jobete Music Corp., Stone Agate Music Division4:39
7."Iko Iko"
  • Rosa Lee Hawkins
  • Barbara Anne Hawkins
  • Joan Marie Johnson
  • Sharon Jones
  • Marilyn Jones
  • Boogaloo Joe Jones
  • Jesse Thomas
Arc Music Corp., Melder Publishing Company, Trio Music Co., Warner-Tamerlane Publishing2:08
8."The Faraway Nearby"
  • Lauper
  • Tom Gray
Rella Music, Gray Matter Publishing3:00
9."911"
  • Lauper
  • Lunt
Rella Music, Perfect Punch Music3:16
10."One Track Mind"
  • Lauper
  • Jimmy Bralower
  • Lennie Petze
  • Bova
Rella Music, Fancy Footwork Music, Liquid Crystal Music, Red Sox Music 3:41
Total length:37:57
Bonus track (2008 Japan reissue)
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
11."True Colors" (Live at Summer Sonic, 2007)
  • Kelly
  • Steinberg
 
35th Anniversary Edition bonus tracks (2021)
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
11."Heading for the Moon" (B-Side of "True Colors")
  • Lauper
  • Arthur Stead
  • Lunt
3:19
12."True Colors" (Junior Vasquez Pride Mix)
  • Kelly
  • Steinberg
13:36
Total length:54:52

Personnel[edit]

  • Cyndi Lauper – lead vocals, arrangements, backing vocals (4, 6, 7, 10), jam box (7), Emulator voice (10)
  • Jeff Bova – keyboards (1, 3, 5, 8, 9, 10), arrangements (1, 3, 5, 8, 9, 10)
  • Peter Wood – keyboards (2, 4, 5, 6), arrangements (2, 4, 6, 9), additional keyboards (3), synthesizer bass (7)
  • Jon Goldberger – sound effects (7)
  • Nile Rodgers – guitars (1)
  • John McCurry – guitars (2, 3, 4, 8, 9, 10)
  • Rick Derringer – guitars (5, 8)
  • Adrian Belew – guitars (6), arrangements (6)
  • Robert Holmes – guitars (6)
  • Neil Jason – bass guitar (2, 4, 6, 9)
  • Jimmy Bralower – LinnDrum programming, arrangements (1, 2, 5, 7-10), percussion (4, 7), jam box (4, 10)
  • Anton Fig – drums (2, 6)
  • Stephen Broughton Lunt – arrangements (3)
  • Lennie Petze – arrangements (3, 5, 6, 7, 10), percussion (7), backing vocals ( 10)
  • The Bangles – backing vocals (1)
  • Billy Joel – backing vocals (2)
  • Angela Clemmons-Patrick – backing vocals (4, 5)
  • Ellie Greenwich – backing vocals (5)
  • Aimee Mann – backing vocals (8)
  • Pee Wee Herman – guest operator (9)

Production

  • Cyndi Lauper – producer, art direction
  • Lennie Petze – producer
  • David Wolff – executive producer
  • Brian McGee – engineer, mixing
  • Jon Goldberger – assistant engineer
  • Tim Kramer – assistant engineer
  • Dave O'Donnell – assistant engineer
  • Jason Corsaro – additional mixing
  • George Marino – mastering at Sterling Sound (New York, NY).
  • Jude Wilder – product manager
  • Holland Macdonald – art direction, design
  • Annie Leibovitz – cover photography
  • Bruce Ando – inner sleeve photography
  • Patrick Lucas – hair stylist, make-up
  • Ralph Scibelli – hair colorist
  • Laura Wills – stylist

Accolades[edit]

Year Nominee / work Award Result
1987 "True Colors" Grammy Award for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance Nominated
"911" Grammy Award for Best Female Rock Vocal Performance Nominated
"True Colors" MTV Video Music Award for Best Female Video Nominated
"What's Going On" MTV Video Music Award for Best Cinematography Nominated

Charts[edit]

Certifications and sales[edit]

Certifications and sales for True Colors
Region Certification Certified units/sales
Australia (ARIA)[38] Gold 35,000^
Brazil 300,000[39]
Canada (Music Canada)[40] 2× Platinum 200,000^
France (SNEP)[41] Gold 100,000*
Hong Kong (IFPI Hong Kong)[42] Gold 10,000*
Japan 404,000[43]
New Zealand (RMNZ)[44] Platinum 15,000^
Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland)[45] Gold 25,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[46] Silver 60,000^
United States (RIAA)[47] 2× Platinum 2,000,000^

* Sales figures based on certification alone.
^ Shipments figures based on certification alone.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cyndi Lauper – True Colours". CyndiLauper.com. Retrieved July 26, 2021.
  2. ^ Grein, Paul (20 April 1985). First quarter totals: lots of platinum. Billboard. Lynne Segall. pp. 76–. ISSN 0006-2510.
  3. ^ LaPoint, Kirk (20 September 1985). CRIA certifications decline. Billboard. Lynne Segall. pp. 66–. ISSN 0006-2510.
  4. ^ Dupler, Steven (4 October 1986). ...While Cyndi remains cool to reprise preasssure. Billboard. Lynne Segall. pp. 22–. ISSN 0006-2510.
  5. ^ a b c Lauper, Cyndi (28 February 2017). Cyndi Lauper: A Memoir. Simon and Schuster. pp. 165–. ISBN 978-1-4391-4789-4.
  6. ^ Pareles, Jon (September 14, 1986). "The return of Cyndi Lauper". The New York Times. Archived from the original on July 1, 2016. Retrieved July 1, 2016.
  7. ^ a b Chadbourne, Eugene. "Cyndi Lauper: True Colors > Review" at AllMusic. Retrieved 31 December 2012.
  8. ^ a b Christgau, Robert (October 28, 1986). "Consumer Guide". The Village Voice. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
  9. ^ a b Guterman, Jimmy (September 25, 1986). "True Colors Album Review". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on January 19, 2012. Retrieved December 25, 2016.
  10. ^ "Cyndi Lauper - True Colors". Archived from the original on November 23, 2003. Retrieved July 26, 2021.
  11. ^ Bob Larson (November 1987). Larson's Book of Rock. Tyndale House Publishers. p. 166. ISBN 978-0-8423-5687-9.
  12. ^ "Hits of the World" (PDF). Billboard. Vol. 98, no. 40. October 4, 1986. p. 76. ISSN 0006-2510 – via World Radio History.
  13. ^ Kent 1993, p. 173
  14. ^ "Austriancharts.at – Cyndi Lauper – True Colors" (in German). Hung Medien. Retrieved May 9, 2016.
  15. ^ "Top RPM Albums: Issue 0745". RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved February 7, 2022.
  16. ^ "Hits of the World" (PDF). Billboard. Vol. 98, no. 43. October 25, 1986. p. 65. ISSN 0006-2510 – via World Radio History.
  17. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Cyndi Lauper – True Colors" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved May 9, 2016.
  18. ^ "European Hot 100 Albums" (PDF). Music & Media. Vol. 3, no. 45. November 15, 1986. p. 35. OCLC 29800226 – via World Radio History.
  19. ^ Pennanen, Timo (2006). Sisältää hitin – levyt ja esittäjät Suomen musiikkilistoilla vuodesta 1972 (in Finnish) (1st ed.). Helsinki: Kustannusosakeyhtiö Otava. ISBN 978-951-1-21053-5.
  20. ^ "Le Détail des Albums de chaque Artiste". InfoDisc (in French). Retrieved February 7, 2022. Select "Cyndi LAUPER" from the drop-down menu and click "OK".
  21. ^ "Offiziellecharts.de – Cyndi Lauper – True Colors" (in German). GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved May 9, 2016.
  22. ^ "Ísland (LP-plötur)". DV (in Icelandic). October 17, 1986. p. 43. ISSN 1021-8254 – via Timarit.is.
  23. ^ "Cyndi Lauper - True Colors". cyndilauper.com. Archived from the original on October 5, 2003. Retrieved April 5, 2022.
  24. ^ "Hits of the World" (PDF). Billboard. Vol. 98, no. 39. September 27, 1986. p. 70. ISSN 0006-2510 – via World Radio History.
  25. ^ "Charts.nz – Cyndi Lauper – True Colors". Hung Medien. Retrieved May 9, 2016.
  26. ^ "Divas of South Africa & America – Albums". South African Divas. Archived from the original on June 2, 2019. Retrieved May 19, 2019 – via GeoCities.
  27. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – Cyndi Lauper – True Colors". Hung Medien. Retrieved May 9, 2016.
  28. ^ "Swisscharts.com – Cyndi Lauper – True Colors". Hung Medien. Retrieved May 9, 2016.
  29. ^ "Official Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved May 9, 2016.
  30. ^ "Cyndi Lauper Chart History (Billboard 200)". Billboard. Retrieved May 9, 2016.
  31. ^ Kent 1993, p. 438
  32. ^ "Top 100 Albums of '86". RPM. Vol. 45, no. 14. December 27, 1986. p. 9. ISSN 0033-7064 – via Library and Archives Canada.
  33. ^ "1986年 アルバム年間TOP100" (in Japanese). Oricon. Archived from the original on June 4, 2008. Retrieved May 10, 2016 – via GeoCities.
  34. ^ Kent 1993, p. 439
  35. ^ "Top 100 Albums of '87". RPM. Vol. 47, no. 12. December 26, 1987. p. 9. ISSN 0033-7064 – via Library and Archives Canada.
  36. ^ "Top Selling Albums of 1987". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved May 10, 2016.
  37. ^ "Billboard 200 Albums – Year-End 1987". Billboard. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved February 7, 2022.
  38. ^ "Lauper" (PDF). Cash Box. December 6, 1986. p. 13 – via World Radio History.
  39. ^ "Change of heart: Novo sucesso para Cyndi Lauper". Luta Democrática (in Portuguese). February 18, 1987. Retrieved April 3, 2020. After the super sales of 2 million copies of her new album - True Colors - in the American market (in Brazil it is already reaching 300,000 sold) (...)
  40. ^ "Canadian album certifications – Cyndi Lauper – True Colors". Music Canada. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
  41. ^ "French album certifications – Lauper C. – True Colors" (in French). InfoDisc. Select LAUPER C. and click OK. 
  42. ^ "IFPIHK Gold Disc Award − 1988". IFPI Hong Kong. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
  43. ^ シンディ・ローパー (in Japanese). Oricon. Archived from the original on August 14, 2011. Retrieved May 9, 2016.
  44. ^ "New Zealand album certifications – Cyndi Lauper – True Colors". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved 2 July 2016.
  45. ^ "Gold & Platinum Awards 1987" (PDF). Music and Media. American Radio History Archive. 26 December 1987. p. 46. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  46. ^ "British album certifications – Cyndi Lauper – True Colours". British Phonographic Industry. November 7, 1986. Retrieved February 7, 2022.
  47. ^ "American album certifications – Cyndi Lauper – True Colors". Recording Industry Association of America. November 14, 1994. Retrieved February 28, 2012.

Bibliography[edit]