True Jesus Church

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True Jesus Church
Traditional Chinese 真耶穌教會
Simplified Chinese 真耶稣教会
The True Jesus Church in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

The True Jesus Church is a Christian Church that originated in China during the Pentecostal movement in the early twentieth century.[1] The TJC is currently one of the largest Christian groups in China and Taiwan,[2] as well as the largest Chinese Pentecostal church and one of the largest independent church in the world.[3]

History[edit]

The TJC emerged independently alongside other indigenous Christian groups of that period such as the Little Flock, the Jesus Family and The Christian Tabernacle [4]

Established in 1917, the church’s early adherents in Hebei and Shandong[5] were influenced by certain charismatic practices of the Apostolic Faith Mission in China,[6] the Seventh-day Adventist Church, and the Pentecostal Assemblies of the World, especially faith healing, baptism of the Holy Spirit, footwashing, Sabbath keeping and Oneness Pentecostal theology.[3]

The TJC was founded by Paul Wei (Wei Enbo, 1877-1919) in 1917.[7] Its early leaders included Zhang Lingsheng (1863—?), who convinced Wei that the church should maintain a seventh-day Sabbath, and Barnabas Zhang (1882-c.1960), who eventually left the group in 1929 and established a rival movement in Hong Kong.[8]

By 1949, the membership grew to around 120,000 in seven hundred churches [9] and today there are officially 1.5 million members in fifty eight countries.[10]

Current organization[edit]

Auckland[edit]

In Auckland there are only two churches, Auckland and East Auckland. Even though the number of churches are small, there are many church members.

Mainland China[edit]

In mainland China most of the True Jesus Church congregations are members of the Three-Self Patriotic Movement, and usually meet on Saturdays in TSPM church buildings as separate sabbatarian sub-congregations.[11] However, since TJC practices such as healing and tongues are "frowned upon"[11] in the TSPM other congregations are independent Chinese house churches.[12]

Taiwan and the United States[edit]

Outside China member churches of the TJC look to the central synod of the TJC in California.[13] In 1967 TJC church leaders from outside mainland China met for the first World Delegates Conference in Taiwan, and an international headquarters was established in Taichung, Taiwan, where a seminary was opened. The headquarters was subsequently moved to California in 1985.[1]

United Kingdom[edit]

In the United Kingdom, True Jesus Church congregations were established as a result of immigration patterns in the 1960s and 1970s, coming largely from Malaysia and Hong Kong, the latter especially from Ap Chau.[14] This would result in a number of congregations being established throughout the country, particularly in Northern England and Scotland, such as Leicester, Newcastle, Sunderland, Elgin, and Edinburgh.[14][15][16]

Beliefs[edit]

  1. Jesus Christ, the Word who became flesh, died on the cross for the redemption of sinners, resurrected on the third day, and ascended to heaven. He is the only Savior of mankind, the Creator of the heavens and earth, and the only true God.
  2. The Holy Bible, consisting of the Old and New Testaments, is inspired by God, the only scriptural truth, and the standard for Christian living.
  3. The True Jesus Church, established by Lord Jesus Christ, through the Holy Spirit during the time of the 'latter rain', is the restored true church of the apostolic time.
  4. Water baptism is the sacrament for the remission of sins for regeneration. The baptism must take place in natural living water, such as the river, sea, or spring. The Baptist, who already has had received baptism of water and the Holy Spirit, conducts the baptism in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ. And the person receiving the baptism must be completely immersed in water with head bowed and face downward.
  5. Receiving the Holy Spirit, evidenced by speaking in tongues, is the guarantee of inheritance of the kingdom of heaven.
  6. The sacrament of footwashing enables one to have a part with the Lord Jesus. It also serves as a constant reminder that one should have love, holiness, humility, forgiveness, and service. Every person who has received water baptism must have his/her feet washed in the name of Jesus Christ. Mutual footwashing may be practiced whenever is appropriate.
  7. The Holy Communion is the sacrament to commemorate the death of the Lord Jesus Christ. It enables members to partake of the flesh and blood of our Lord and to be in communion with Him so that thwy can have eternal life and be raised on the last day. This sacrament shall be held as often as possible. Only one unleavened bread and grape juice shall be used.
  8. The Sabbath day, the seventh day of the week (Saturday), is a holy day, blessed and sanctified by God. It is to be observed under the Lord's grace for the commemoration of God's creation and salvation, and with the hope of eternal rest in the life to come.
  9. Salvation is given by the grace of God through faith. Believers must rely on the Holy Spirit to pursue holiness, to honor God, and to love humanity.
  10. The Lord's Second Coming will take place on the last day when He descends from heaven to judge the world: the righteous will receive eternal life, while the wicked will be eternally condemned.[17][third-party source needed]

Practices[edit]

The church practices baptism for both adults and infants, with holy communion.[8] Speaking in tongues is practiced and usually occurs while in prayer.[1]

The Church believes that the sacraments must fulfill three requirements according to the Scripture. Firstly, they must have been performed by Jesus Christ himself as an example. Secondly, the sacraments must be directly related to one's salvation, eternal life, entering the Heavenly Kingdom, and having a part with Jesus. Lastly, they must be of the sacraments which Jesus Christ instructed the disciples to perform as well. There are ten essential doctrines and beliefs[17][non-primary source needed] that the True Jesus Church believe in order to worship God correctly. According to them, one must speak in tongues as evidence of having the Holy Spirit The mode of baptism also determines salvation. The correct mode should be with the head facing down (in the manner of Jesus' death) and only in natural ("living") water.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Melton, J. Gordon (2005). "True Jesus Church". Encyclopedia of Protestantism. pp. 536–537. ISBN 0816069832. 
  2. ^ Eric Patterson, Edmund Rybarczyk (2007). The Future of Pentecostalism in the United States. p. 130. ISBN 0739155423. 
  3. ^ a b Allan Anderson (2013). An Introduction to Pentecostalism: Global Charismatic Christianity. p. 50. ISBN 1107033993. 
  4. ^ Peter Tze Ming Ng (2012). Chinese Christianity: An Interplay between Global and Local Perspectives. p. 205. ISBN 9004225757. 
  5. ^ Bays, Daniel H. (1999). Christianity in China: From the Eighteenth Century to the Present. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. p. 425. ISBN 0804736510. 
  6. ^ Gerald H. Anderson (1999). Biographical Dictionary of Christian Missions. p. 125. ISBN 0802846807. 
  7. ^ Lambert, Tony (2006). China's Christian Millions. Oxford. p. 59-60.  quoted in Refugee Review Tribunal
  8. ^ a b Melton, J. Gordon; Baumann, Martin (2010). "True Jesus Church". Religions of the World: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia. p. 2894. ISBN 1598842048. 
  9. ^ Jason Kindopp, Carol Lee Hamrin (2004). God and Caesar in China: Policy Implications of Church-state Tensions. p. 109. ISBN 0815796463. 
  10. ^ True Jesus Church International Assembly. "A Chronology of the establishment of TJC in various countries". tjc.org. Retrieved June 1, 2014. 
  11. ^ a b Bays, Daniel H. (2003). "Chinese Protestant Christianity Today". In Overmyer, Daniel L. Religion in China Today. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 189. ISBN 0521538238. 
  12. ^ Kupfer, Kristin (2013). "Saints, Secrets, and Salvation". In Lim, Francis Khek Gee. Christianity in Contemporary China Socio-cultural Perspectives. New York: Routledge. p. 186. 
  13. ^ Rubinstein, Murray A. (1991). The Protestant Community on Modern Taiwan. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe. p. 129. ISBN 087332658X. 
  14. ^ a b "My Church - United Kingdom General Assembly 英國總會 / 英国总会". members.tjc.org. Retrieved 24 October 2016. 
  15. ^ Liu, Garland (1998). "The Role of the True Jesus Church in Communal Development of the Chinese People in Elgin, Scotland". In Sinn, Elizabeth. The Last Half Century of Chinese Overseas. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press. pp. 425–446. ISBN 978-962-209-446-8. 
  16. ^ Li Wei (1994). Three Generations, Two Languages, One Family: Language Choice and Language Shift in a Chinese Community in Britain. Multilingual Matters. p. 64. ISBN 978-1-85359-241-6. 
  17. ^ a b True Jesus Church International Assembly. "Statement of Faith". True Jesus Church. Retrieved June 1, 2014. 

External links[edit]