Trumai

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Trumai people)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Trumai
Total population
258 (2014)[1]
Regions with significant populations
 Brazil ( Mato Grosso)
Languages
Trumai[2]
Religion
Traditional tribal religion

The Trumai (or Trumaí; native name: Ho kod ke)[3] are an indigenous people of Brazil. They currently reside within the Xingu National Park, in the state of Mato Grosso. They have a population of 258 in 2014.[1] They were 97 in 2011 and 120 in 2006,[2] up from a low of 26 in 1966.

Background[edit]

The Trumai are one of the last groups to have settled on the upper Xingu River, moving there in the 19th century[1] from the region between the Xingu and Araguaia Rivers, as a result of attacks from another people.[4] They currently live in four villages in the National Park, Terra Preta, Boa Esperança, Steinen and Terra Nova, situated halfway from the Leonardo Villas-Bôas Post and the Diauarum Indigenous Post, where some families also live.

The Trumai are one of the ethnicities included in the standard cross-cultural sample.

Subsistence[edit]

The Trumai are farmers, growing primarily manioc, peppers, and beans.[2]

 10.5281/zenodo.1008781


Location of the Trumai villages in the Xingu [5]:164

Language[edit]

The Trumai language is not closely related to other languages, and it is considered a language isolate.[2] It is severely endangered, as children are becoming native speakers of Awetï, Suyá, or Portuguese.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Trumai: Introduction." Povos Indígenas no Brasil. Retrieved 30 March 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d "Trumai." Ethnologue. Retrieved 24 Feb 2012.
  3. ^ "Trumai: Name."Povos Indígenas no Brasil. Retrieved 24 Feb 2012.
  4. ^ Socioambiental history page
  5. ^ Guirardello-Damian R, Trumai K, Trumai T (2017). "Trumai". In Stenzel K, Franchetto B. On this and other worlds: Voices from Amazonia (pdf). Berlin: Language Science Press. pp. 163–185. doi:10.5281/zenodo.1008781. ISBN 978-3-96110-018-7.

Further reading[edit]

  • Robert F. Murphy and Buell Quain. "The Trumai Indians of Central Brazil." American Anthropologist, New Series, Vol. 58, No. 4 (Aug., 1956), p. 747
  • Anne Sutherland Louis. "Alliance or Descent: The Trumai Indians of Central Brazil." Man, New Series, Vol. 6, No. 1 (Mar., 1971), pp. 18–29

External links[edit]