Trump Tower (New York City)
Trump Tower viewed from Fifth Avenue
|Type||retail, office, and residential|
|Location||725 Fifth Avenue
Manhattan, New York City
|Opening||November 30, 1983|
|Roof||202 m (663 ft)|
|Design and construction|
|Structural engineer||Irwin Cantor|
Trump Tower is a 68-story mixed-use skyscraper located at 725 Fifth Avenue, at the corner of East 56th Street in Midtown Manhattan, New York City. Developed by Donald Trump and the Equitable Life Assurance Company (renamed the AXA Equitable Life Insurance Company in 2004), it is now owned by Donald Trump, and was designed by Der Scutt of Swanke, Hayden Connell. The ground floor stores in the tower were opened for business on November 30, 1983. The grand opening of the Atrium and stores was held on February 14, 1983, with the apartments and offices following shortly thereafter. HRH Construction was the contractor on the building and the Construction Executive was Barbara Res.
The Trump Tower is the 57th tallest building in New York City. The tower is a reinforced concrete, shear-wall core structure and was the tallest structure of this type in New York City when completed. A concrete hat-truss at the top of the building ties exterior columns with the concrete core. This increases the effective dimensions of the core to that of the building in order to resist the overturning of lateral forces (wind, minor earthquakes, and impacts perpendicular to the building’s height). A similar structure was used for Trump World Tower.
Ordinarily a building of that height could not have been built on the small site. By mixing uses (retail, office, and residential), constructing a through-block arcade (connecting to the IBM building to the east), and using the air rights from Tiffany’s flagship store next door, and including the atrium (designed as a “public space” under the city codes at the time), Trump was able to assemble a bonus package that enabled a taller tower.
The building’s public spaces are clad in Breccia Pernice, a pink white-veined marble. Mirrors and brass are used throughout. This includes the office lobby, off Fifth Avenue, and the five-level atrium which has a waterfall, shops, cafés, and a pedestrian bridge that crosses over the waterfall’s pool. The atrium is crowned with a skylight. In 2006, Forbes Magazine valued the tower at $318 million. Trump Tower was the setting of the NBC television show The Apprentice including the famous boardroom where at least one person was fired at the end of each episode (actually a television studio inside Trump Tower).
Present and past tenants
- Donald Trump
- Gucci (flagship store), ground retail
- Prince Mutaib bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
- Andrew Lloyd-Webber
- The 17th floor is occupied by the offices of CONCACAF, the administrators of soccer in North and Central America.
- The former President of CONCACAF, Chuck Blazer, lived in two apartments on the 49th floor. The second of the two apartments was occupied mainly by his cats.
- Bruce Willis
- Jay Z and Beyoncé
- Rubin, Sy, and Jonathan Mandell. Trump Tower. Secaucus, N.J.: L. Stuart, 1984
- Amanda Julius (22 July 2010). "In Deed! Art Dealer Expands in Trump Tower; Vanity Fair Articles Editor Buys in Chelsea". The New York Observer. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
- Cindy Boren (27 May 2015). "Ex-FIFA official had $6,000-a-month Trump Tower apartment for unruly cats". The Washington Post. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
- Rubni, Sy (October 1984). Trump Tower (1st ed.). Lyle Stuart.
- Gardener, Ralf Jr (May 8, 2003). "For Tower Residents, a New Math". The New York Times.
- Horsley, Carter B. "The City Book: Trump Tower".
- Further reading
- Dirk Stichweh: New York Skyscrapers. Prestel Publishing, Munich 2009, ISBN 3-7913-4054-9
- Barbara A. Res PE Esq. "All Alone on the 68th Floor: How one Woman Changed the Face of Construction" Createspace Publishing, New Jersey, July 2013
Media related to Trump Tower (Manhattan) at Wikimedia Commons
- in-Arch.net: The Trump Tower
- Trump Tower at Structurae
- Trump Tower at Der Scutt Architect website
- Trump Tower at CityRealty