Trumpington War Memorial
|Trumpington shown within Cambridgeshire|
|Population||8,034 (ward, 2011 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ambulance||East of England|
|EU Parliament||East of England|
Trumpington is a village and former civil parish on the outskirts of Cambridge, England, on the southwest side of the city bordering Cherry Hinton to the east, Grantchester to the west and Great Shelford and Little Shelford to the southeast. The village is an electoral ward of the City of Cambridge. The 2011 Census recorded the ward's population as 8,034.
The village was a separate parish from the Anglo-Saxon era until the 20th century. In 1912 all of the land north of Long Road was transferred to Cambridge, and in 1934 most of the remaining land, including all of the village, was also given over to Cambridge. Only 382 acres (155 ha), almost uninhabited, were transferred to Haslingfield parish. The present Trumpington ward of Cambridge City Council also incorporates the Newtown area of the city, north of the historic parish boundary.
There is evidence of Iron Age and Roman settlements in Trumpington, near the River Cam ford by the road to Grantchester, and a Roman cemetery. An Anglo-Saxon cemetery has also been found nearby at Dam Hill.
Trumpington bed burial
In 2012 archaeologists working on the Trumpington Meadows site discovered a 7th-century Anglo-Saxon bed burial for a young woman aged about 16 years old, in a field on the outskirts of the village. The occupant of the grave had been buried on a wooden bed, and had an ornate gold pectoral cross inlaid with garnets on her breast. The jewelled gold cross is very unusual, and can only have belonged to a member of a rich aristocratic family. It is thought that the grave must have been associated with a hitherto unknown Anglo-Saxon settlement near the site, perhaps that of a monastic community.
The Domesday Book of 1086 records a community of 33 peasants. The population had risen to 100 by the late 13th century. The village remained sizeable throughout the Middle Ages and by 1801 there were 494 residents. By the time the parish was dissolved there were about 1,200 inhabitants. Until the 20th century Trumpington was an agricultural village with cattle and sheep as well as crops.
Trumpington's association with agriculture was extended in 1955, when the Plant Breeding Institute (PBI) – founded in 1912 as part of the University of Cambridge's School of Agriculture – moved to the Anstey Hall site adjoining Maris Lane in Trumpington. Here the PBI developed new plants, notably potatoes called Maris Piper and Maris Peer, a barley called Maris Otter, and a wheat called Maris Widgeon. These are now in use worldwide. In 1990 the PBI moved to Colney, near Norwich, but the reference to the Maris Lane site survives in the names of plants.
Anstey Hall is a former country house built c.1700 within its own parkland. Once owned by writer and poet Christopher Anstey and later by the polymath Robert Leslie Ellis, it was leased to the PBI for many years. It is now used for weddings, parties, corporate events and meetings.
The Trumpington War Memorial was designed and carved by Eric Gill, who also designed and carved the crocodile  on the wall of the Cavendish Laboratory. The memorial was dedicated on Sunday 11 December 1921 to commemorate 36 Trumpington men who died in the First World War. The Second World War claimed eight more local men; their names were added by David Kindersley, a pupil of Gill.
In 1314, the lord of the manor, Giles of Trumpington, was given permission to hold a three-day fair on the feast of St Peter's Chains (August 1). The feast was still held in the 19th century though was transferred to June 28–30, and became known for the rowdiness and drunkenness of its many visitors. It was reduced to only one day (June 29) in 1882 and was still held in the 1930s.
The earliest parts of the Church of England parish church of Saints Mary and Michael are late 12th- or early 13th-century. The chancel was rebuilt late in the 13th century. The rest of the church, including the nave, clerestory, aisles, chapels, porches and upper part of the tower was rebuilt about 1330. The church was restored several times in the 19th century, notably in 1858 and 1876–77 under the direction of the Gothic Revival architect William Butterfield. The church is a Grade I listed building.
The church is the resting place of Henry Fawcett, the blind academic and politician who, as Postmaster General (1880–84), introduced parcel post, postal orders and other innovations. The primary school is named Fawcett School after him. The church also contains the monumental brass of Sir Roger de Trumpington, a crusader knight bearing the date 1289; it is said to be the second oldest brass in England.
"Southern Fringe" developments
Cambridge City Council's 2006 Local Plan provided for the release of an extensive area of Green Belt land around Trumpington for new housing and associated community facilities. Major new developments are being constructed on the Glebe Farm and Clay Farm sites to the south and east of the village, and on Trumpington Meadows to the southwest.
In 2017 a new civil parish of South Trumpington was created, that will include the new developments. It comprises the land formerly in the Haslingfield parish of South Cambridgeshire that lies east of the River Cam between the current Cambridge city council boundary and the M11.
- Geoffrey Chaucer's The Reeve's Tale is set in the village, and a water mill on the River Cam is mentioned in it. The location of the mill is believed to be Old Mill Holt on the river to the southwest of the village.
- The 19th-century novelist G. A. Henty, was born in Trumpington.
- Clergyman, classicist, philologist, and Plato translator, Robert Gregg Bury, worked in Trumpington as a vicar in 1903-18 and was Vice President of the Trumpington Volunteer Training Corps during the First World War.
- The BBC journalist Bridget Kendall grew up in Trumpington and attended Perse School for Girls.
- Pink Floyd's lead singer and guitarist, David Gilmour, lived in Trumpington in his early childhood.
- In the "Matthew Bartholomew" series of novels by Susanna Gregory, Trumpington is the location of the Manor House belonging to Matthew's sister and husband.
- Trumpington residents is referred to in Rupert Brooke 's poem The Old Vicarage, Grantchester, written in 1912 - "...they fling oaths at one, / And worse than oaths at Trumpington."
- "Cambridge Ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
- Wright 1982, pp. 248–267
- Kennedy, Maev (16 March 2012). "Cross and bed found in Anglo-Saxon grave shed new light on 'dark ages'". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group.
- "This is Trumpington". Trumpington Residents’ Association. 19 May 2014.
- "100 Years and more". Department of Physics, Cavendish Laboratory. University of Cambridge. Archived from the original on 18 July 2012.
- Historic England. "Church of St Mary and St Michael (Grade I) (1081526)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- "Trumpington". GENUKI.
- Chester, Mike (4 September 2012). "Trumpington Cambridge, Cambs SS Mary & Michael". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Central Council for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- Community governance review for Haslingfield Parish, South Cambridgeshire Council. Accessed 6 September 2017.
Sources and further reading
- Pevsner, Nikolaus (1970) . Cambridgeshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 472–475. ISBN 0-14-071010-8.
- Wright, APM, ed. (1982). A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely. Victoria County History. VIII. London: Institute of Historical Research. pp. 248–267.
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