Truro, South Australia
|Population||395 (2011 census)|
Truro (postcode 5356, altitude 311m) is a town in South Australia, 80 km northeast of Adelaide. It is situated in an agricultural and pastoral district on the Sturt Highway, east of the Barossa Valley, where the highway crosses somewhat lofty and rugged parts of the Mount Lofty Ranges. At the 2011 census, Truro had a population of 395.
Truro is in the Mid Murray Council local government area, the South Australian House of Assembly electoral district of Schubert and the Australian House of Representatives Divisions of Barker and Wakefield.
The town was established on Truro Creek (White Hut Creek) in 1848 by John Howard Angas, the son of George Fife Angas who had bought the land in 1842. The survey was conducted by Thomas Burr, assisted by his (eventual) son in law Frederick Sinnett, during a period when both were freed from their usual commitments in order to pursue private contracts.
It is named after the city of Truro in Cornwall, United Kingdom. It is somewhat uncertain whether the name Truro was given by Angas, or the first settlers in the town, but with the Wheal Barton mine nearby, many of those settlers were Cornish miners, so it is quite likely that if they were not the namers of the town, they were certainly the inspiration thereof. The township of Barton was also nearby, however that soon became a part of Truro.
It was formerly the seat of its own municipality, the District Council of Truro, from 1876 to 1991.
Truro has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- Baldon Road: Baldon Homestead Complex 
- 37 Moorundie Street: Former Truro Police Station and Cells 
- off Sturt Highway: Stone Wall 
- off Sturt Highway: Accommodation Hill Spring and Pipeline Relics 
The first industry that European settlers introduced to Truro district, from the early 1840s, was pastoralism, primarily the grazing of sheep flocks, watched over by shepherds, on unfenced occupation licenses. Many of the picturesque dry stone walls so prevalent in the district date from this era.
Copper was discovered in 1846 and was mined at the Wheal Barton mine 2 km east of Truro from 1849 to 1889 and again between 1956 and 1972. These copper mines are what led to the survey and establishment of the town.
Rainfall in Truro is lower than in the neighbouring Barossa Valley region. For this reason dry grain crop farming, mainly of wheat and barley, is more prevalent than viticulture.
There are two hotels in Truro. Truro also has several tourism offerings, in the form of the recently renovated Pioneer Park, a specialist olive shop and several antique shops. The town is also notable for its service facilities, particularly its bakeries, which provide refreshment for tourists and travellers along the Sturt Highway. The breads and pastries are remarkable, not only for their large range but also for unifying traditional English and Cornish cuisine with German from the nearby Barossa Valley.
During the 1970s the town of Truro gained unwarranted notoriety due to human remains being found scattered among nondescript Mallee scrub upon the arid Murray Plains near Sandleton. This became widely known as the Truro murders, one of the notable occurrences of serial killing in Australian history. Those human remains were actually found many tens of kilometres away from Truro, but, despite these tragic crimes being unrelated to the Truro township, the broadcast media found 'Truro' to be a convenient label for them through being the nearest town recognizable to the public.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Truro (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 24 November 2012.
- "Baldon Homestead Complex (including Homestead, Chaff Shed, Workmens Quarters, Stables, Shearing Shed and Quarters and room built into the creek bank)". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
- "Former Truro Police Station and Cells". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
- "Stone Wall". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
- "Accommodation Hill Spring & Pipeline Relics, site of former stock yard for overlanders". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
- Janes, Martin; Whittaker, Eric (19 August 2014). "High quality copper target defined at Wheal Barton" (PDF). ASX Announcement. Terramin Australia. Retrieved 9 September 2014.
- "THE TRURO RAILWAY.". The Advertiser. Adelaide: National Library of Australia. 26 September 1917. p. 10. Retrieved 10 February 2014.
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