The term Trustworthy Computing (TwC) has been applied to computing systems that are inherently secure, available, and reliable. It is particularly associated with the Microsoft initiative of the same name, launched in 2002.
On, May 26, 1995, Bill Gates sent the "Internet Tidal Wave" memorandum to Microsoft executives assigning "...the Internet this highest level of importance..." but Microsoft's Windows 95 was released without a web browser as Microsoft had not yet developed one. The success of the web had caught them by surprise but by mid 1995, they were testing their own web server, and on August 24, 1995, launched a major online service, MSN.
The National Research Council recognized that the rise of the Internet simultaneously increased societal reliance on computer systems while increasing the vulnerability of such systems to failure and produced an important report in 1999, "Trust in Cyberspace". This report reviews the cost of un-trustworthy systems and identifies actions required for improvement.
Microsoft and Trustworthy Computing
Bill Gates launched Microsoft's "Trustworthy Computing" initiative with a January 15, 2002 memo, referencing an internal whitepaper by Microsoft CTO and Senior Vice President Craig Mundie. The move was reportedly prompted by the fact that they "...had been under fire from some of its larger customers–government agencies, financial companies and others–about the security problems in Windows, issues that were being brought front and center by a series of self-replicating worms and embarrassing attacks." such as Code Red, Nimda and Klez.
Four areas were identified as the initiative’s key areas: Security, Privacy, Reliability, and Business Integrity, and despite some initial scepticism, at its 10-year anniversary it was generally accepted as having "...made a positive impact on the industry...".
Microsoft closed its Trustworthy Computing Group as part of the loss of 2,100 jobs in a restructuring plan unveiled on the 18th of September, 2014. Microsoft folded responsibilities for the group's security and privacy programs into its Cloud & Enterprise Division, and its Legal & Corporate Affairs group.
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- Trusted Computing Group
- Wave Systems Corp. Managing Trusted Computing Platforms (TPM)
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- Trust in Cyberspace, Committee on Information Systems Trustworthiness
- Trustworthy Computing, Microsoft
- Trustworthy Computing, Craig Mundie, Microsoft