Trypanosoma congolense

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Trypanosoma congolense
Scientific classification
Domain: Eukaryota
(unranked): Excavata
Phylum: Euglenozoa
Class: Kinetoplastida
Order: Trypanosomatida
Family: Trypanosomatidae
Genus: Trypanosoma
Species: T. congolense
Binomial name
Trypanosoma congolense
Broden, 1904
Cachectic dog infested with Trypanosoma congolense after a travel in West Africa

Trypanosoma congolense is a species of trypanosomes and is the major pathogen responsible for the disease nagana in cattle and other animals including sheep, pigs, goats, horses and camels, dogs,[1] as well as laboratory mice. It is the most common cause of nagana in east Africa, but is also a major cause of nagana in west Africa. This parasite is spread by tsetse flies. In its mammalian host, Trypanosoma congolense only lives in blood vessels, and causes in particular anaemia. [1] [2] [3]


  1. ^ a b Deschamps, Jack-Yves; Desquesnes, Marc; Dorso, Laetitia; Ravel, Sophie; Bossard, Géraldine; Charbonneau, Morgane; Garand, Annabelle; Roux, Françoise A. (2016). "Refractory hypoglycaemia in a dog infected with Trypanosoma congolense". Parasite. 23: 1. doi:10.1051/parasite/2016001. ISSN 1776-1042.  open access publication – free to read
  2. ^ Losos, G. J.; Ikede, B. O. (1972). "Review of pathology of diseases in domestic and laboratory animals caused by Trypanosoma congolense, T. vivax, T. brucei, T. rhodesiense and T. gambiense". Veterinary Pathology. 9 (1 Suppl): 1–79. doi:10.1177/030098587200901s01. ISSN 0300-9858.  open access publication – free to read
  3. ^ African Animal Trypanosomiasis, USAHA gray book, 6th ed. (1998).