Trypanosoma evansi

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Trypanosoma evansi
Parasite140104-fig2 Surra (Trypanosoma evansi infection) in a Tunisian dog.png
Trypanosoma evansi in blood
Scientific classification
Domain: Eukaryota
(unranked): Excavata
Phylum: Euglenozoa
Class: Kinetoplastida
Order: Trypanosomatida
Family: Trypanosomatidae
Genus: Trypanosoma
Species: T. evansi
Binomial name
Trypanosoma evansi
Steel, 1884

Trypanosoma evansi is a species of excavate trypanosome in the genus Trypanosoma that causes one form of surra in animals.[1] It has been proposed that T. evansi is—like T. equiperdum—a derivative of T. brucei.[2] Due to this loss of part of the mitochondrial (kinetoplast) DNA T. evansi is not capable of infecting the invertebrate vector and establishing the subsequent life-stages.[3][4] Due to its mechanical transmission T. evansi is not restricted to transmission via the tsetse fly but shows a very broad vector specificity including the genera Tabanus, Stomoxys, Haematopota, Chrysops and Lyperosia.[5] It rarely causes disease in humans,[6] indeed, it has only been recorded in cases where the patient lacks a normal component of human serum, Apolipoprotein L1.[7] T. evansi is very common in India and causes acute disease in camels and horses, and chronic disease in cattle and buffaloes. The treatment for trypanosoma evansi is triquin(0.025ml/10 kg B.wt.)[8] and surral (0.5 mg/kg B. wt.)[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rjeibi, Mohamed Ridha; Ben Hamida, Taoufik; Dalgatova, Zara; Mahjoub, Tarek; Rejeb, Ahmed; Dridi, Walid; Gharbi, Mohamed (2015). "First report of surra (Trypanosoma evansi infection) in a Tunisian dog". Parasite. 22: 3. doi:10.1051/parasite/2015004. ISSN 1776-1042. PMID 25654368.  open access publication – free to read
  2. ^ Lai DH; Petritsch, W; Schreiber, F; Warnkross, H; Pietsch, B; Passath, A; Leb, G; Tilz, GP; Kellner, A (February 2008). "Adaptations of 'Trypanosoma brucei to gradual loss of kinetoplast DNA: Trypanosoma equiperdum and Trypanosoma evansi are petite mutants of T. brucei". PNAS. 105 (3): 1999–2004. doi:10.1073/pnas.0711799105. PMC 2538871Freely accessible. PMID 18245376. 
  3. ^ Borst P, Fase-Fowler F, Gibson WC (January 1987). "Kinetoplast DNA of Trypanosoma evansi". Mol Biochem Parasitol. 23 (1): 31–38. doi:10.1016/0166-6851(87)90184-8. PMID 3033499. 
  4. ^ Hoare CR (1972). "The trypanosomes of the Mammals". Blackwell, Oxford. 
  5. ^ Luckins AG (May 1988). "Trypanosoma evansi in Asia". Parasitol Today. 4 (5): 137–42. doi:10.1016/0169-4758(88)90188-3. PMID 15463067. (and references therein)
  6. ^ Powar RM; Shegokar, VR; Joshi, PP; Dani, VS; Tankhiwale, NS; Truc, P; Jannin, J; Bhargava, A (1 January 2006). "A rare case of human trypanosomiasis caused by Trypanosoma evansi". Indian J Med Microbiol. 24 (1): 72–74. doi:10.4103/0255-0857.19904. PMID 16505565. Retrieved 2006-04-05. 
  7. ^ Benoit Vanhollebeke, Eng., Philippe Truc, Ph.D., Philippe Poelvoorde, M.Sc., Annette Pays, M.Sc., Prashant P. Joshi, M.D., Ravindra Katti, M.D., Jean G. Jannin, M.D., and Etienne Pays, Ph.D., Benoit; Truc, Philippe; Poelvoorde, Philippe; Pays, Annette; Joshi, Prashant P.; Katti, Ravindra; Jannin, Jean G.; Pays, Etienne (December 28, 2006). "Human Trypanosoma evansi Infection Linked to a Lack of Apolipoprotein L-I". N Engl J Med. 355 (26): 2752–6. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa063265. PMID 17192540. 
  8. ^ Bal, M. S.; Sharma, Amrita; Ashuma; Batth, Balwinder Kaur; Kaur, P.; Singla, L.D. (February 2014). "DETECTION AND MANAGEMENT OF LATENT INFECTION OF TRYPANOSOMA EVANSI IN A CATTLE HERD". INDIAN JOURNAL OF ANIMAL RESEARCH. 48 (1): 31–37. doi:10.5958/j.0976-0555.48.1.007. 

Human trypanosomiasis caused by Trypanosoma evansi in India: The first case report

Joshi, P.P., Shegokar, V.R., Powar, R.M., Herder, S., Katti, R., Salkar, H.R., Dani, V.S., Bhargava, A., Jannin, J., Truc, P. The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene volume 73, issue 3, year 2005, pp. 491 - 495

External links[edit]