TsUM — Central Universal Department Store (Russian: ЦУМ – Центральный Универсальный Магазин, tr. TsUM – Tsentralʹnyĭ Universalʹnyĭ Magazin; MCX: TZUM) is one of the most renowned high end department stores in Moscow.
The store is in a six-story historical Gothic Revival style building on Petrovka Street at Theatre Square (Teatralnaya Square) in the Tverskoy District of central Moscow. The TsUM interiors have been refurbished many times, most recently in 2007. TsUM is a part of the Mercury Group.
TsUM is one of the most fashionable and trendy places in the city, and the largest fashion department store in Eastern Europe. It carries more than 1000 brands of fashionable apparel, perfumery, and jewelry, as well as “TsUM Globus Gourmet” gastronome, a fusion restaurant, a cigar room, a café, and champagne bar “Veuve Clicquot”.
TsUM new seasonal collections appearance is supported by sound advertising campaigns with world-famous fashion stars Cindy Crawford, Milla Jovovich, Naomi Campbell, Daria Werbowy, Malgosia Bela, and Mathias Lauridsen.
The world-renowned couturiers Roland Mouret, Ralph Rucci, Carolina Herrera, Dennis Basso, Michael Kors and Victoria Beckham participate in TsUM events introducing to the guests and clients of TsUM their newest collections in person.
TsUM clients enjoy European service and a number of unique facilities: VIP shopping and professional stylists’ advice, cosmetic procedures, lectures on modern art.
Muir & Mirrielees Co.
In 1857 merchants Andrew Muir (1817–1899) and Archibald Mirrielees (1797–1877), who had arrived in St. Petersburg separately, founded “Muir and Mirrielees” Trade Company. Archibald Mirrielees was resident in St. Petersburg from 1822. In 1843 he established his own company, one of the most significant Anglo-Russian merchant houses.
In the 1880s the company transferred from St. Petersburg to Moscow and acquired a building for their haberdashery shop in Theatre Square. Their new building was erected there in 1908 in the Gothic Revival style with some modern elements. The project was designed by the famous Russian architect Roman Klein. “Muir and Mirrielees” was the first and the largest department store in the last days of the Russian Empire (one could buy clothes, shoes, jewelry, perfumery and toys there). The store attracted the highest public interest: “In the eyes of the Muscovites “Muir and Mirrielees” is a kind of exhibition of everything that was on sale in the capital, be it for the rich and the high society, or for the middle-class customers” wrote one of the contemporaries. The store delivered throughout the Russian empire.
The company established a furniture factory and other stores (Торговый дом Хомякова (in Russian), Маросейка (in Russian)). The company was nationalised during the Russian Revolution and the assets confiscated in 1918 by the Bolsheviks, who renamed "Muir & Mirrielees" first as "MosTorg" in 1922 and later as TsUM.
The TsUM branch in Barvikha Luxury Village opened in April 2008. The TsUM Outlet opened in June 2009 in Mega Teply Stan, and is a discount store carrying the preceding season’s collections of TsUM brands.
Charitable and cultural activity
TsUM has participated in a number of charitable projects: in September 2009 TsUM organized an action to support orphans, in March 2010 a photo-project to support the struggle against cancer was presented.
Exhibitions and art projects are supported by TsUM Art Foundation (specializing in modern art). As a part of the II Moscow Biennale of Contemporary Art in 2007 TsUM presented the “American video-art” project. It was followed by Yoko Ono’s solo exhibition “The Odyssey of Cockroach”, the exhibition of Chinese art “China, forward!”, and Oleg Kulik’s “MOSCOW. TsUM” installation project in 2009.
- What We Did for the Russians, page 175, Michael Skinner, 2008 "feel sure you have heard of me – and my partner in business, Andrew Muir (1817–1899). We are both Scots, who separately landed up in Russia early in the 19th century, and together set up a trading company in St Petersburg.
- Harvey J. Pitcher Muir & Mirrielees: the Scottish partnership that became a Household Name in Russia, 1994, page 14, "During their visit Archibald Mirrielees, a friend of William's, fell in love with Sarah Spurr, and that summer he travelled to Sheffield to ask her parents to agree to an engagement. He was twenty-nine, his prospects were excellent, he shared the ..."
- Scotland and the Slavs: selected papers from the Glasgow-90 East-West Forum. Page 155 Peter Henry, Jim MacDonald, Halina Moss (1993) "The origins of the firm go back to 1822, when Archibald Mirrielees (1797–1877), an ambitious young Scot from Aberdeen, arrived in St Petersburg as representative of the London firm of Fisher & Co. From 1837 to 1842 he was employed by William Ropes & Co., an American firm of importers and exporters, but in 1843 he went into business on his own in St Petersburg as a wholesale import merchant, concentrating on haberdashery."
- The Vertigo Years: Europe, 1900–1914, page 321, Philipp Blom, 2008, "The great Paris stores delivered to Trouville and other fashionable beach resorts so loved by their clientele during the summer months, and Muir & Mirrilees in Moscow dispatched its wares throughout the Russian empire."
- Russia’s Greatest Scots: Men who left their mark on Moscow