Tsarskoye Selo (Russian: Ца́рское Село́, IPA: [ˈtsarskəɪ sʲɪˈlo] (listen), "Tsar's Village") was the town containing a former residence of the Russian imperial family and visiting nobility, located 24 kilometers (15 mi) south from the center of Saint Petersburg. The residence now forms part of the town of Pushkin. Tsarskoye Selo forms one of the World Heritage Site Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments.
The area of Tsarskoye Selo, once part of Swedish Ingria, first became a Russian royal/imperial residence in the early 18th century as an estate of the Empress-consort Catherine (later Empress-regnant as Catherine I, r. 1725–1727), from whom the Catherine Palace takes its name.
Nickname for elite Soviet neighborhoods
In the Soviet Union the nickname "the Tsar's village" came to apply to blocks and small neighborhoods that housed the nomenklatura (Soviet elites). Their stores were better stocked, although they were still affected by Soviet-era shortages. The buildings in the neighborhoods were better designed, constructed and maintained. One such neighborhood, west of Moscow, contained less industry and more parks than any other neighborhood.
- Alexander Palace and associated park
- Catherine Palace and associated park
- Sophia Cathedral
- Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum
Catherine Palace at the main entrance, September 9, 1911. Adolphe Kégresse seated behind the wheel of the Imperial "Benz"
Alexander Palace 1918
Tsarskoye Selo Imperial Station/ Emperor railway station in Pushkin town 1910s
- Jabado, Salwa; Fodor's (2008). Fodor's Moscow and St. Petersburg. New York: Random House. p. 292. ISBN 978-1-4000-0717-2.
- St. Petersburg Encyclopedia. Accessed: May 6, 2012.
Gessen, Masha (2017). The Future is History: How Totalitarianism Reclaimed Russia. Granta Books. ISBN 9781783784011. Retrieved October 22, 2020.
Under the Soviets [...] the name 'the Tsars' Village' began attaching itself to blocks and small neighborhoods that housed the Soviet elites.
The stores here were better stocked, even though they were affected by the shortages. The buildings were better designed and constructed.
- Masha Gessen, (2017). The Future Is History: How Totalitarianism Reclaimed Russia.
- King, Greg (2006). The Court of the Last Tsar (hardback). Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0-471-72763-7.
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|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article "Tsarskoye Selo".|
- Tsarskoye Selo, Pushkin town, historical facts of the city, map, local weather, directions from St. Petersburg
- The State Museum of Tsarskoye Selo Archived November 16, 2018, at the Wayback Machine
- Alexander Palace Time Machine The Alexander Palace Time Machine
- Tsarskoye Selo in 1910 – a guide to the Palaces, Park and Town
- Photo Tours of Tsarskoe Selo
- Last Days at Tsarskoe Selo Last Days at Tsarskoe Selo by Count Paul Beckendorff
- Photographic views of Tsarskoye Selo, c. 2002 Archived March 3, 2016, at the Wayback Machine The Nostalgic Glass
- Tsarskoye Selo Photos Iconicarchive Gallery
- Bernard DeCou's colored photos of Tsarskoye Selo, c. 1931