Tsawwassen ferry terminal
|Owned by||BC Ferries|
|Operated by||BC Ferries|
|Line(s)||Route 1–Swartz Bay |
Route 9–Long Harbour
Route 30–Duke Point
|Opened||June 15, 1960|
Tsawwassen Ferry Terminal, as part of the BC Ferries system and of Highway 17, is a major transportation facility in Delta, British Columbia, positioned less than 500 metres (1,600 ft) from the 49th parallel along the Canada–United States border. It is located at the southwestern end of a 3-kilometre (2 mi) artificial causeway that juts out into the Strait of Georgia off the mainland at the community of Tsawwassen. With an approximate size of 23-hectare (57-acre), it is the largest ferry terminal in North America.
In the late 1950s, the search for a mainland ferry terminal that would connect British Columbia's Lower Mainland with the Victoria area on Vancouver Island involved extensive scouting of locations, from Steveston to White Rock. Despite concerns of rough seas and bad weather, the favoured site soon became the area offshore from the Tsawwassen First Nation Reserve.
Construction of the terminal began in 1959, after provincial transportation Minister Phil Gaglardi, on divided engineering advice, selected the site. Construction of an artificial island began, and the causeway was built from the island back towards the mainland. This endeavour used an estimated 2.3 million cubic metres (3.0 million cubic yards) of boulder, rock, and gravel fill.
To connect Highway 99 to the new terminal, an 11-kilometre-long (6.8 mi) freeway was constructed near the southern end of the Deas Tunnel and through the edge of Ladner. This became a portion of Highway 17.
The isolated causeway location of the terminal, while criticized locally in its formative years, has allowed and continues to allow terminal expansion to cope with growing vehicle traffic.
In 2003, the Tsawwassen First Nation filed legal action in the BC Supreme Court over the destruction of the foreshore and other concerns caused by the impact of the terminal and the nearby Roberts Bank Superport. Concerns were also expressed in 2005 about eutrophication, or a destructive bacterial buildup in the waters between the terminal and the Roberts Bank facility.
Ferry facilities and connections
In 1990 a connection from Tsawwassen to Nanaimo called the "Mid-Island Express" was established, providing the fastest surface connection between Northern Vancouver Island and the border with the United States at Blaine, and, since the opening of the South Fraser Perimeter Road, to the Fraser Valley and points east. The route ran to Departure Bay until 1997, when the Duke Point Ferry Terminal opened.
The quickest path between the terminal and Active Pass, for ferries travelling to the Gulf Islands or to Swartz Bay, passes over approximately 8 km (5 mi) of United States waters in the Strait of Georgia.
In the mid-1990s a major renovation and expansion of the terminal was undertaken.
- Duke Point ferry terminal
- Departure Bay ferry terminal
- Horseshoe Bay ferry terminal
- Earls Cove ferry terminal
- Roberts Bank
- Roberts Bank Superport
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tsawwassen BC Ferries Terminal.|
- Google (11 August 2020). "Tsawwassen Ferry Terminal" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 11 August 2020.
- Bannerman, Gary, and Patricia Bannerman. 1985. The Ships of British Columbia. Hancock House Publishers Ltd. p. 54.
- BC Ferries website - Milestones
- "Ferries, port face suit." Delta Optimist. 11 December 2003. Archived September 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- "Residents going APE over port expansion", Delta Optimist. June 26, 2005 Archived October 30, 2006, at the Wayback Machine