Tschappina

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Tschappina
Kirche Tschappina 2.jpg
Coat of arms of Tschappina
Coat of arms
Tschappina is located in Switzerland
Tschappina
Tschappina
Tschappina is located in Canton of Graubünden
Tschappina
Tschappina
Coordinates: 46°41′N 9°23′E / 46.683°N 9.383°E / 46.683; 9.383Coordinates: 46°41′N 9°23′E / 46.683°N 9.383°E / 46.683; 9.383
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Viamala
Area[1]
 • Total 24.67 km2 (9.53 sq mi)
Elevation 1,400 m (4,600 ft)
Population (Dec 2015[2])
 • Total 126
 • Density 5.1/km2 (13/sq mi)
Postal code 7428
SFOS number 3669
Surrounded by Flerden, Lohn, Mathon, Safien, Urmein
Website www.tschappina.ch
SFSO statistics

Tschappina is a municipality in the Viamala Region in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.

History[edit]

Tschappina is first mentioned in 1396 as in Schipinen.[3]

Geography[edit]

Tschappina has an area, as of 2006, of 24.7 km2 (9.5 sq mi). Of this area, 42.2% is used for agricultural purposes, while 26.8% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (30%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

Before 2017, the municipality was located in the Thusis sub-district, of the Hinterrhein district, after 2017 it was part of the Viamala Region.[5] It consists of scattered settlements over the upper Heinzenberg mountains, at an elevation of 1,384–1,846 meters (4,541–6,056 ft). It consists of the settlements of Unter- and Ober-Tschappina, Ober Gmeind, Usser and Inner Glas.

Demographics[edit]

Tschappina has a population (as of 31 December 2015) of 126.[2] As of 2008, 4.9% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -1.8%.[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 53.1% male and 46.9% female.[6] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Tschappina is; 20 people or 13.2% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old. 14 people or 9.3% are 10 to 14, and 7 people or 4.6% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 8 people or 5.3% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 21 people or 13.9% are 30 to 39, 24 people or 15.9% are 40 to 49, and 21 people or 13.9% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 15 people or 9.9% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 10 people or 6.6% are 70 to 79, there are 10 people or 6.6% who are 80 to 89, and there is 1 person who is 90 to 99.[7]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 54.2% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (16.4%), the FDP (12.6%) and the CVP (9.3%).[4]

In Tschappina about 71.6% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Tschappina has an unemployment rate of 0.39%. As of 2005, there were 54 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 23 businesses involved in this sector. 4 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 2 businesses in this sector. 19 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 7 businesses in this sector.[4]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1803 330
1850 251
1900 209
1950 209
2000 151

Languages[edit]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (98.0%), with Romansh being second most common ( 1.3%) and Portuguese being third ( 0.7%).[4]

Languages in Tschappina
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 151 96.79% 138 98.57% 148 98.01%
Romanish 3 1.92% 2 1.43% 2 1.32%
Population 156 100% 140 100% 151 100%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (German) accessed 30 August 2016
  3. ^ a b Tschappina in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 08-Oct-2009
  5. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz - Mutationsmeldungen 2016 accessed 16 February 2017
  6. ^ Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  7. ^ Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009


External links[edit]