Tschierv

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Tschierv
Former municipality of Switzerland
Tschierv village
Tschierv village
Coat of arms of Tschierv
Coat of arms
Tschierv is located in Switzerland
Tschierv
Tschierv
Coordinates: 46°37′N 10°20′E / 46.617°N 10.333°E / 46.617; 10.333Coordinates: 46°37′N 10°20′E / 46.617°N 10.333°E / 46.617; 10.333
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Inn
Area
 • Total 42.56 km2 (16.43 sq mi)
Elevation 1,660 m (5,450 ft)
Population
 • Total 167
 • Density 3.9/km2 (10/sq mi)
Postal code 7532
SFOS number 3845
Surrounded by Fuldera, , Müstair, Scuol, Tarasp, Valchava, Valdidentro (IT-SO), Zernez
Website www.val-müstair.ch
SFSO statistics

Tschierv is a village in the Val Müstair municipality in the district of Inn in the Swiss canton of Graubünden. In 2009 Tschierv merged with Fuldera, , Müstair, Santa Maria Val Müstair and Valchava to form the municipality of Val Müstair.[1]

History[edit]

Tschierv is first mentioned in 1432 as Zirff. In the past it was known under the German name of Cierfs.[2]

Geography[edit]

Reformed church in Tschierv

Tschierv has an area, as of 2006, of 42.6 km2 (16.4 sq mi). Of this area, 25.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 26.9% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (46.3%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[3]

The municipality is located in the Val Müstair sub-district (now Val Müstair municipality) of the Inn District. The borders of the village once stretched west over the Ofen Pass to Buffalora, Italy and included part of the Val Nüglia, which since 1918 has been part of the Swiss National Park. It consists of the house groups of Aintasom-Tschierv, Chasuras, Plaz and Orasom-Tschierv. Until 1943 Tschierv was known as Cierfs.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Tschierv has a population (as of 2008) of 167, of which 4.8% are foreign nationals.[4] Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -7.5%.[3]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 50.0% male and 50.0% female.[5] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Tschierv is; 18 children or 11.7% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 14 teenagers or 9.1% are 10 to 14, and 8 teenagers or 5.2% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 14 people or 9.1% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 17 people or 11.0% are 30 to 39, 27 people or 17.5% are 40 to 49, and 23 people or 14.9% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 11 people or 7.1% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 13 people or 8.4% are 70 to 79, there are 9 people or 5.8% who are 80 to 89.[4]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 78.2% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (14.8%), the FDP (6.2%) and the CVP (0.9%).[3]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Tschierv about 61.3% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either University or a Fachhochschule).[3]

Tschierv has an unemployment rate of 1%. As of 2005, there were 9 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 4 businesses involved in this sector. 6 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 4 businesses in this sector. 54 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 16 businesses in this sector.[3]

The historical population is given in the following table:[2][5]

year population
1835 155
1850 145
1900 146
1930 126
1941 160
1950 165
1960 139
1970 127
1980 134
1990 147
2000 154

Languages[edit]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks Rhaeto-Romance (77.3%), with German being second most common (18.8%) and Portuguese being third ( 1.3%).[3] Until 1980, nearly the entire population of the village spoke the Jauer dialect of Romansh. Since that time, the percentage of German speakers has been growing. In 1880 about 81.8% spoke Romansh as a first language, in 1910 it was 93%, in 1941 it was 92% and in 1970 88% spoke Romansh. In 1990 92% spoke Romansh as either a first or second language and in 2000 it was 92%.

Languages in Tschierv
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 6 4.48% 18 12.24% 29 18.83%
Romanish 128 95.52% 125 85.03% 119 77.27%
Population 134 100% 147 100% 154 100%

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 23 September 2009
  2. ^ a b Tschierv in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 14-Oct-2009
  4. ^ a b Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  5. ^ a b Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.

External links[edit]