Tsiigehtchic

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Tsiigehtchic

Tsiigehtshik
Charter Community
The Church in Tsiigehtchic with the Arctic Red River and Mackenzie River in the background
The Church in Tsiigehtchic with the Arctic Red River and Mackenzie River in the background
Tsiigehtchic is located in Northwest Territories
Tsiigehtchic
Tsiigehtchic
Tsiigehtchic is located in Canada
Tsiigehtchic
Tsiigehtchic
Coordinates: 67°26′26″N 133°44′43″W / 67.44056°N 133.74528°W / 67.44056; -133.74528Coordinates: 67°26′26″N 133°44′43″W / 67.44056°N 133.74528°W / 67.44056; -133.74528
CountryCanada
TerritoryNorthwest Territories
RegionInuvik Region
ConstituencyMackenzie Delta
Census divisionRegion 1
Mission1868
Charter Community21 June 1993
Government
 • ChiefPhillip Blake
 • Senior Administrative OfficerLarry Dally
 • MLAFrederick Blake Jr.
Area
 • Land48.98 km2 (18.91 sq mi)
Elevation
6 m (20 ft)
Population
(2011)[1]
 • Total172
 • Density3.5/km2 (9/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
Canadian Postal code
X0E 0B0
Area code(s)867
Telephone exchange953
- Living cost167.5A
- Food price index170.3B
Sources:Department of Municipal and Community Affairs,[2]
Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre,[3]
Canada Flight Supplement[4]
^A 2013 figure based on Edmonton = 100[5]
^B 2015 figure based on Yellowknife = 100[5]

Tsiigehtchic (/ˈtsɡɛɪk/ TSEE-getch-ik; "mouth of the iron river"), officially the Charter Community of Tsiigehtchic,[2] is a Gwich'in community located at the confluence of the Mackenzie and the Arctic Red Rivers, in the Inuvik Region of the Northwest Territories, Canada. The community was formerly known as Arctic Red River, until 1 April 1994.

Demographics[edit]

Population is 172 according to the 2016 Census, a decrease of 20.3% over the 2011 Census with 130 people identified as First Nations and 10 as Inuit. However, on 5 people said that an Indigenous language (Gwich’in) was their mother tongue.[1]

In 2017 the Government of the Northwest Territories reported that the population was 179 with an average yearly growth rate of 0.1% from 2007.[5]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1996168—    
1997169+0.6%
1998165−2.4%
1999188+13.9%
2000192+2.1%
2001195+1.6%
2002213+9.2%
2003209−1.9%
2004202−3.3%
2005190−5.9%
2006181−4.7%
YearPop.±%
2007177−2.2%
2008159−10.2%
2009154−3.1%
2010154+0.0%
2011152−1.3%
2012150−1.3%
2013162+8.0%
2014167+3.1%
2015167+0.0%
2016170+1.8%
2017179+5.3%
Sources: NWT Bureau of Statistics (2001 - 2017)[6]

Transportation[edit]

The Dempster Highway, NWT Highway 8, crosses the Mackenzie River at Tsiigehtchic.[7] During winter, vehicle traffic is over the ice, during the rest of the year, traffic is carried by the ferry MV Louis Cardinal.

The ferry stops at Tsiigehtchic, on the eastern bank of the Arctic Red River, and on the southwestern and northeastern banks of the Mackenzie River, connecting the two legs of the Dempster Highway. The community is one of the few in the NWT not to be served by a permanent airport.

Tsiigehtchic from the Dempster Highway, looking towards Inuvik

Steppe bison carcass[edit]

In early September 2007, near Tsiigehtchic, local resident Shane Van Loon discovered a carcass of a steppe bison, which was radiocarbon dated to c. 13,650 cal BP.[8] This carcass appears to represent the first Pleistocene mummified soft tissue remains from the glaciated regions of northern Canada (Zazula et al. 2009).[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Census Profile, 2016 Census Tsiigehtchic, Chartered community (Census subdivision), Northwest Territories and Northwest Territories (Territory)
  2. ^ a b "NWT Communities - Tsiigehtchic". Government of the Northwest Territories: Department of Municipal and Community Affairs. Retrieved 2014-01-29.
  3. ^ "Northwest Territories Official Community Names and Pronunciation Guide". Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre. Yellowknife: Education, Culture and Employment, Government of the Northwest Territories. Archived from the original on 2016-01-13. Retrieved 2016-01-13.
  4. ^ Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 19 July 2018 to 0901Z 13 September 2018.
  5. ^ a b c Tsiigehtchic - Statistical Profile at the GNWT
  6. ^ Population Estimates By Community from the GNWT
  7. ^ "Canadian Ferry Operators Association 2006 Annual Report". Canadian Ferry Operators Association. 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-11-22.
  8. ^ a b G.D. Zazula; G. MacKay; T.D. Andrews; B. Shapiro; B. Letts; F. Brock (2009). "A late Pleistocene steppe bison (Bison priscus) partial carcass from Tsiigehtchic, Northwest Territories, Canada". Quaternary Science Reviews. 28. pp. 2734–2742.

Further reading[edit]

  • Heine, Michael K. Gwichya Gwich'in Googwandak: The History and Stories of the Gwichya Gwich'i ; As Told by the Elders of Tsiigehtchic. Tsiigehtchic, N.W.T.: Gwich'in Social and Cultural Institute, 2001. ISBN 1-896337-05-8

External links[edit]