Tsiknopempti

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Tsiknopempti (Greek: Τσικνοπέμπτη, [t͡sik.noˈpem.pti]) is part of the traditional celebrations of Apókries (Απόκριες),[1] the Greek Carnival season. The celebration, normally translated as Smelly Thursday, Charred Thursday, or Smoky Thursday, centers on the consumption of large amounts of grilled and roasted meats.[2]

Celebration[edit]

Apokries (Carnival season) in Greece is made up of three themed weeks of celebration. These weeks are, in order: Prophoní (Προφωνή, 'Preannouncement Week'), Kreatiní (Κρεατινή, 'Meat Week'), and Tiriní (Τυρινή, 'Cheese Week').[2] Tsiknopempti is the Thursday of Kreatiní and represents a highlight in a weeklong celebration of meat consumption. the festivities on Tsiknopempti revolve around large outdoor parties where massive amounts of meat are grilled or roasted.

Often Tsiknopempti like celebrations will occur again, generally on a smaller scale, the following Sunday which marks the final day meat can be eaten before the beginning of the Great Lent, the strict fasting season that leads up to Easter.[3] In the Greek Orthodox tradition, fasting on Wednesdays and Fridays is important, therefore Thursday is the best day for Tsiknopempti.[4] Tsiknopempti is celebrated 11 days before Clean Monday (often referred to in English as Ash Monday, to allude to Ash Wednesday in the West, however in Orthodox tradition there is no imposition of ashes). After Tsiknopempti, the next major celebration of Apokries is Tirofágos (Τυροφάγος) during the week of Tiriní which focuses on the consumption of cheese, eggs, and dairy.

In Lebanon, a similar tradition exists and is known as Khamis el sakara (Thursday of drinking).

Similar celebrations known as Fat Thursday are held in many other countries.

Etymology[edit]

The Greek word Τσικνοπέμπτη (Tsiknopempti) is made up of the words τσίκνα (tsíkna, lit. 'the smell of roasting meat') and Πέμπτη (Pémpti, 'Thursday').[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Απόκριες", Βικιπαίδεια (in Greek), 2020-02-13, retrieved 2020-04-09
  2. ^ a b "Greek Customs". Hellenic Republic: Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 2017-08-28.
  3. ^ Σόφη Ζιώγου (March 7, 2013). Τσικνοπέμπτη: 20 παραδόσεις, έθιμα και άλλα που (ίσως) δε γνωρίζατε. clickatlife.gr (in Greek). Retrieved 2017-08-28.
  4. ^ "Apokries. Carnival in Crete & Greece". Living in Crete.net. Retrieved 2017-08-28.
  5. ^ Λεξικό της Δημοτικής. Ορθογραφικό, ερμηνευτικό, ετυμολογικό (in Greek) (2nd ed.). Athens: Εταιρεία Ελληνικών Εκδόσεων. 1977. p. 715.