Tsimané people

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Total population
6,464 (2012) INE Census
Regions with significant populations
 Bolivia ( Beni)
Tsimané, Spanish[1]
traditional tribal religion[1]
Related ethnic groups

The Tsimane' (Chimane) are an indigenous people of lowland Bolivia, living in the municipalities of San Borja, San Ignacio de Moxos, Rurrenabaque, and Santa Ana de Yacuma of Beni Department.[3] The Tsimane' are the main residents of the T’simane Council Territory (Spanish: Territorio del Consejo T’simane) and the Pilón Lajas Reserve. They are a hunter-gatherer culture, although the settlements are becoming more stable.[citation needed] Those Tsimane' living in the Reserve are affiliated with the multiethnic Consejo Regional Tsimane Moseten (CRTM), which holds the title to the Reserve as a Native Community Land or TCO.[4]


The Tsimane' are also known as the Achumano, Chamano, Chimanis, Chimanisa, Chimnisin, Chumano, Nawazi-Moñtji, and Ramano people.[2]


The Tsimane' people speak the Tsimane' language, which is a Mosetenan language. The other Mosetenan languages are Mosetén of Santa Ana and Mosetén of Covendo (Sakel 2004).[5] It can be described as a small language family, though sometimes it also appears as a language isolate. The reason for this is that some of the variants are mutually intelligible (Sakel 2004), see also [1]


Tsimane' and Mosetén people fish, hunt, and farm for a living. They cultivate bananas and manioc through swidden agriculture.[1]


Both The Tsimane' Amazonian Panel Study </http://heller.brandeis.edu/sustainable-international-development/tsimane/index.html> and The Tsimane Health and Life History Project have studied the Tsimane since 2002. [6] Among other things, it appears that they do not develop heart disease as they age in the same ways as people in the developed world. [7] [8]


  1. ^ a b c d "Tsimané." Ethnologue. Retrieved 22 Feb 2012.
  2. ^ a b "Chimane." Countries and Their Cultures. Retrieved 2 March 2012.
  3. ^ Fundación UNIR (2009). Las identidades en las grandes regiones de Bolivia, Fascículo Nº2. La Paz, Bolivia: Fundación UNIR. pp. 19–20. 
  4. ^ Costas Monje, Patricia (January 1, 2001). "La pluriterritorialidad en el Norte de La Paz. Dos casos de estudio sobre defensa del territorio". In Chumacero, Juan. Reconfigurando territorios: Reforma agraria, control territorial y gobiernos indígenas en Bolivia. La Paz, Bolivia: Fundación Tierra. pp. 143–44.  Check date values in: |year= / |date= mismatch (help)
  5. ^ Sakel, Jeanette (2004) A grammar of Mosetén. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
  6. ^ "The UNM-UCSB Tsimane Health and Life History Project". Retrieved 2009-08-14. 
  7. ^ Gurven, Michael; Hillard Kaplan; Jeffrey Winking; Daniel Eid Rodriguez; Sarinnapha Vasunilashorn; Jung Ki Kim; Caleb Finch; Eileen Crimmins; Henry Harpending (2009). "Inflammation and Infection Do Not Promote Arterial Aging and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors among Lean Horticulturalists". PLoS ONE 4 (8): e6590. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0006590. PMC 2722089. PMID 19668697. Retrieved 2009-08-14. 
  8. ^ "Age Doesn't Mean Heart Disease For Bolivian Tribe". NPR. Retrieved 2009-08-14.  Missing or empty |title= (help)

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