Part of the Tsuen Wan New Town is located in the Tsuen Wan District. The northeastern part of Lantau island is belong to Tsuen Wan District to make itself as an enclave. There is also no direct road connect that piece of land with the rest of the district.
The district was set up in 1982 covering the present-day Tsuen Wan District and Kwai Tsing District. Kwai Chung and the island of Tsing Yi were split from Tsuen Wan District in the mid-1980s, and subsequently formed a new district known as Kwai Tsing District.
The Sam Tung Uk Museum is a cultural and agricultural museum and was set up in a former Hakkawalled village. Behind Tsuen Wan is Shin Mun reservoir, a valley that was once home to 10 villages that grew mostly pineapples. The dam that stops the reservoir is called Po Lo Pa, lit. pineapple dam. There were once disputes and fights among the Shing Mun valley dwellers and Tsuen Wan residents during the 18th century, over the levying of taxes for pineapple sales. The reservoir valley also has a disused lead mine, where some of the residents of Tsuen Wan used to work. Behind this is Tai Mo Shan, the tallest hill in Hong Kong.