Hongo entered the Department of Biology at what is now Hiroshima University in 1943, where he studied botany until graduating in 1946 with a B.Sc. Hongo received his Ph.D degree, entitled "Agaricales of Japan", from Kyoto University in 1961 while working under Dr. Shiro Kitamura.
He was president of the Mycological Society of Japan from 1987 to 1989. In 2003 he was awarded the Minakata Kumagusu Award for contributions to mycology. Hongo published more than 130 scientific papers and 9 books. He also described 215 new taxa of Agaricales from a variety of locations. Fungus species named after Hongo include: Amanita hongoi, Boletus hongoi, Xerula hongoi, Pluteus hongoi, Russula hongoi, Strobilomyces hongoi, and Tylopilus hongoi.
- Imazeki R, Hongo T. (1957). Genshoku Nihon Kinrui Zukan [Colored Illustrations of Fungi of Japan]. Vol. 1, 181 pp. Japan, Osaka; Hoikusha Publishing Co., Ltd.
- Imazeki R, Hongo T. (1965). Genshoku Nihon Kinrui Zukan [Colored Illustrations of Fungi of Japan]. Vol. 2, 224 pp. Japan, Osaka; Hoikusha Publishing Co., Ltd.
- Imazeki R, Hongo T. (1987). Genshoku Nihon Shin Kinrui Zukan [New Colored Illustrations of Mushrooms of Japan], Vol. 1. 315 pp. Osaka, Japan; Hoikusha Publishing Co., Ltd.
- Imazeki R, Otani Y, Hongo, T. (1988). Nihon no Kinoko [Fungi of Japan], 623 pp. Tokyo, Japan; Yama-Kei Publishers Co., Ltd.
- Imazeki R, Hongo T. (1989). Genshoku Nihon Shin Kinrui Zukan [New Colored Illustrations of Mushrooms of Japan], Vol. 2. 316 pp. Osaka, Japan; Hoikusha Publishing Co., Ltd.
- Hongo T. (1989). Selected Mycological Papers of Dr. Tsuguo Hongo [Reprinted by Shiga University, Faculty of Education, Laboratory of Biology]. 362 pp. Otsu, Japan; Shiga University.
- Hongo T, Ueda T, Izawa M. (1994). [Mushrooms]. 384 pp. Tokyo; Yama-kei Publishers Co., Ltd.
- Bas C. (1969). "Morphology and subdivision of Amanita and a monograph of its section Lepidella". Persoonia. 5 (3): 285–579 (see p. 410).
- Lakhanpal TN. (1996). Studies in Cryptogamic Botany, Vol. I: Mushrooms of India. Dehli, India: APH Publishing Corporation. p. 46. ISBN 978-8170247890.
- Dörfelt H. (1986). "Taxonomische Studien in der Gattung Xerula R. Maire – XI". Feddes Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis (in German). 97: 397–404.
- Singer R. (1989). "New taxa and new combinations of Agaricales (Diagnoses fungorum novorum Agaricalium 4)". Fieldiana Botany. 21: 1–133 (see pp. 95, 130).
- Sato H, Hattori T, Lee SS, Murakami N (2011). "Two species of Strobilomyces (Boletaceae, Boletales), S. seminudus and S. hongoi sp. nov. from Japan". Mycologia. 103 (3): 598–609. PMID 21177488. doi:10.3852/10-182.
- Wolfe CB, Bougher NL (1993). "Systematics, mycogeography, and evolutionary history of Tylopilus subg. Roseoscarbra in Australia elucidated by comparison with Asian and American species". Australian Systematic Botany. 6 (3): 187–213 (see p. 190). doi:10.1071/SB9930187.
- IPNI. Hongo.
- Clémençon H. Dr. Tsuguo Hongo (1923–2007). Mycoscience. 2007 48:326–327.
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