Tsukahara (vault)

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The Tsukahara can refer to a specific vault and a family of vaults in artistic gymnastics. The first Tsukahara vault was performed by (and named after) Mitsuo Tsukahara in 1972.

A Tsukahara vault consists of a half turn off the springboard onto the vault table, then a push backwards, usually into a back salto or layout.[1]


Any vault that has a handspring with 1/4 - 1/2 turn onto the vault table into a salto backwards is classified as a Tsukahara vault. Some variations on the Tsukahara vaults include:

  • Kim - Tsukahara tucked or stretched with full twist (360°) off
  • Zamolodchikova - Tsukahara stretched with a 2/1 turn (720°) off
  • Phelps - a half turn onto the vault table, followed by a half turn off and into a front layout.


  1. ^ "Vault Skills Terminology". Retrieved 2008-02-24.