Tsunoshima Lighthouse

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Tsunoshima Lighthouse
Tsunoshima Tōdai
角島灯台
TsunoshimaLighthouse.JPG
Tsunoshima Lighthouse
Tsunoshima Lighthouse is located in Japan
Tsunoshima Lighthouse
Japan
Location Tsunoshima
Shimonoseki, Yamaguchi
Japan
Coordinates 34°21′08.9″N 130°50′27.7″E / 34.352472°N 130.841028°E / 34.352472; 130.841028Coordinates: 34°21′08.9″N 130°50′27.7″E / 34.352472°N 130.841028°E / 34.352472; 130.841028
Year first constructed March 1, 1876 (1876-03-01)
Construction granite tower
Tower shape cylindrical tower with balcony and lantern
Markings / pattern unpainted tower, white lantern
Height 29.62 metres (97.2 ft)
Focal height 44.66 metres (146.5 ft)
Original lens First order Fresnel
Intensity 670,000 Candela [1]
1,400,00 cd[2]
Range 18.5 nautical miles (34.3 km; 21.3 mi)[1]
Characteristic Fl. W 5s [1]
Admiralty number M7397
NGA number 1568
ARLHS number JPN-693
Japan number JCG-0715[3]

Tsunoshima Lighthouse (角島灯台 tsunoshima tōdai?) is a lighthouse on the island of Tsunoshima in the city of Shimonoseki, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan.[4] It is notable as being one of only six lighthouses in Japan which had a first order Fresnel lens, the most powerful type of Fresnel lens.

History[edit]

The lighthouse was first lit on March 1, 1876, in the Meiji period of Japan. It was one of the lighthouses designed by Richard Henry Brunton, who was hired by the government of Japan to help construct lighthouses to make coastal waters safe for foreign ships to approach, after Japan opened up to the West.

Access[edit]

The lighthouse is open to the public. It is accessible by car, bicycle, or public transportation; specifically by bus from Kottoi Station.[5]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c 角島灯台 (in Japanese). Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, and Transportation. Retrieved 31 December 2010. 
  2. ^ Tunosima Japan Coast Guard (Japanese)
  3. ^ Lighthouses Directory
  4. ^ "角島" [Tsunoshima]. Nihon Daihyakka Zensho (Nipponika) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 153301537. Retrieved 2012-12-07. 
  5. ^ "アクセス". Tsunoshima Navi. Retrieved 31 December 2010. 

External links[edit]