Tsuruga, Fukui

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Tsuruga
敦賀市
City
Tsuruga City Hall
Tsuruga City Hall
Flag of Tsuruga
Flag
Official seal of Tsuruga
Seal
Location of Tsuruga in Fukui Prefecture
Location of Tsuruga in Fukui Prefecture
Tsuruga is located in Japan
Tsuruga
Tsuruga
 
Coordinates: 35°38′42.7″N 136°3′19.8″E / 35.645194°N 136.055500°E / 35.645194; 136.055500Coordinates: 35°38′42.7″N 136°3′19.8″E / 35.645194°N 136.055500°E / 35.645194; 136.055500
Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Hokuriku)
Prefecture Fukui
Government
 • - Mayor Takanobu Fuchikami
Area
 • Total 251.39 km2 (97.06 sq mi)
Population (June 29, 2018)
 • Total 66,123
 • Density 260/km2 (680/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
City symbols  
-Tree Pine
-Flower Lespedeza
-Bird Black-headed gull
Phone number 0770-21-1111
Address 2-1-1 Chūō-chō, Tsuruga-shi, Fukui-ken 914-8501
Website www.city.tsuruga.lg.jp
view of the port of Tsuruga

Tsuruga (敦賀市, Tsuruga-shi) is a city located in Fukui Prefecture, Japan. As of 29 June 2018, the city had an estimated population of 66,123 in 28,604 households and the population density of 260 persons per km².[1] The total area of the city was 251.39 square kilometres (97.06 sq mi).

Geography[edit]

Tsuruga is located in central Fukui Prefecture, bordered by Shiga Prefecture to the south and Wakasa Bay of the Sea of Japan to the north.Tsuruga lies some 50 km south of Fukui, 90 km northwest of Nagoya, 40 km northwest of Maibara, 115 km northeast of Osaka, 75 km northeast of Kyoto, and 65 km east of Maizuru. Among cities on the Sea of Japan coast, Tsuruga is the nearest city to the Pacific Ocean. The distance between Tsuruga and Nagoya is only 115 km. Tsuruga and Nagoya are historically close to Shiga Prefecture and Kyoto.

Neighbouring municipalities[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Per Japanese census data,[2] the population of Tsuruga has remained steady over the past 40 years.

Census Year Population
1970 56,445
1980 61,844
1990 68,0413
2000 68,145
2010 67,760

Climate[edit]

Tsuruga has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with hot summers and cool winters. Precipitation is plentiful throughout the year, and is particularly heavy in December and January. The average annual temperature in Tsuruga is 14.7 °C. The average annual rainfall is 2312 mm with September as the wettest month.The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 27.1 °C, and lowest in January, at around 3.7 °C.[3]


Climate data for Tsuruga, Fukui
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6.9
(44.4)
7.2
(45)
10.8
(51.4)
17.2
(63)
21.9
(71.4)
25.0
(77)
29.3
(84.7)
31.1
(88)
26.7
(80.1)
21.2
(70.2)
15.9
(60.6)
10.3
(50.5)
18.6
(65.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.9
(39)
4.0
(39.2)
6.9
(44.4)
12.9
(55.2)
17.5
(63.5)
21.3
(70.3)
25.5
(77.9)
27.0
(80.6)
22.7
(72.9)
16.8
(62.2)
11.8
(53.2)
6.9
(44.4)
14.8
(58.6)
Average low °C (°F) 1.0
(33.8)
0.9
(33.6)
3.0
(37.4)
8.5
(47.3)
13.2
(55.8)
17.8
(64)
22.3
(72.1)
23.5
(74.3)
19.2
(66.6)
12.7
(54.9)
7.7
(45.9)
3.5
(38.3)
11.1
(52)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 312.0
(12.283)
207.1
(8.154)
167.9
(6.61)
146.2
(5.756)
146.8
(5.78)
216.2
(8.512)
220.2
(8.669)
130.9
(5.154)
220.6
(8.685)
157.0
(6.181)
190.4
(7.496)
303.6
(11.953)
2,418.9
(95.233)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 118
(46.5)
92
(36.2)
19
(7.5)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.4)
34
(13.4)
264
(104)
Average relative humidity (%) 75 73 69 68 69 75 77 74 76 73 72 73 73
Mean monthly sunshine hours 63.7 72.1 133.3 162.9 192.7 144.2 170.1 205.3 141.6 147.5 108.6 75.9 1,617.9
Source: NOAA (1961-1990)[4]

History[edit]

Although Tsuruga promotes itself as the leading city of the "Wakasa region", the city is actually has always been of ancient Echizen Province. A settlement at Tsuruga is mentioned in the Nara period Kojiki and Nihon Shoki chronicles. Kanagasaki Castle was the site of major battles during the early Muromachi period and the Sengoku period, Under the Edo period Tokugawa shogunate, large portions of the city were part of the holdings of Obama Domain and Tsuruga Domain, and prospered as a major port on the kitamaebune shipping routes between western Japan and Hokkaido. Following the Meiji restoration, the area became part of Tsuruga District of Fukui Prefecture. With the creation of the modern municipalities system, the town of Tsuruga was founded on April 1,1889.

An Imperial decree in July 1899 established Tsuruga as an open port for trading with the United States and the United Kingdom.[5]

Tsuruga merged with the neighbouring village of Matsubara and was incorporated as a city on April 1, 1937. Tsuruga was the only Japanese port opened to the Polish orphans in 1920, and to the Jewish refugees in 1940 thanks to Jan Zwartendijk, the Dutch Consul in Kaunas, who issued visa for Curaçao and Surinam, Mr. Chiune Sugihara, Vice-Consul for the Empire of Japan in Lithuania who issued transit visa for Japan. These events are detailed at the Port of Humanity Tsuruga Museum. However, much of the city centre was destroyed in 1945 during the Bombing of Tsuruga during World War II,

The city expanded on January 15, 1955 by annexing the neighbouring villages of Arachi, Awano, Togo, Nakago and Higashiura.

Government[edit]

Tsuruga has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 26 members.

Economy[edit]

Tsuruga has a very healthy mixed economy focused on providing services to the Wakasa region, and also features a container port, a bulk terminal, a coal-fired power plant, two textile mills, a large furniture factory, a playground equipment manufacturer, and a Panasonic (Matsushita) facility. Education and energy research also drive the economy.

Tsuruga is also known for its two nuclear power facilities - the Monju demonstration nuclear plant and the Tsuruga Nuclear Power Plant.

Education[edit]

Tsuruga has 13 public elementary schools and five middle schools operated by the city government, and two public high schools operated by the Fukui Prefectural Board of Education. There is also one private high school and one private middle/high school. Tsuruga Nursing University is also located in the city.

Transportation[edit]

Tsuruga Port

Railway[edit]

Highway[edit]

Seaport[edit]

Sister city relations[edit]

Kehi matsubara beach

Local attractions[edit]

Activities[edit]

Well-known Japanese DJ Chikashi Nishiwaki also founded his eclectic club, Tree, here. The club has been host to many national and international celebrity guests such as Jazztronik, Gilles Peterson, Toshio Matsuura from UFO, DJs Ravi, Julien Love and Two Dee, and Soil and Pimp Sessions. He has also mixed music with Tyronne Noonan, former frontman of George.

References[edit]

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External links[edit]