Tsushima dialect

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Tsushima Japanese
Native to Japan
Region Tsushima Island
Native speakers
(no estimate available)
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Linguist list
jpn-tsu

Tsushima dialect (対馬方言) is a Kyūshū dialect spoken on Tsushima Island of Nagasaki Prefecture. It has borrowed several words from Korean due to historical international exchanges and Tsushima's geographical proximity to Korea. However, these are relatively few[citation needed] and are recognized as Korean loans.

Korean loanwords in Tsushima dialect
Tsushima dialect Korean derivation Standard Japanese English gloss
ヤンバン
yanban
양반(兩班)
yangban
金持ち
kanemochi
Rich person
(Note that in Korean yangban refers to an elite class from Korean history, used in modern Korean to mean "gentleman," including uses in which this term may be sarcastic)
チング, チングィ
chingu, chingui
친구(親舊)
chingu
友達
tomodachi
Friend
トーマンカッタ
tōmankatta
도망(逃亡)갔다
tomang gatta
夜逃げ
yonige
Escaping at night (or running from debt)
(Note that the Korean source, tomang gatta, is actually a verbal phrase meaning "ran away; escaped")
ハンガチ
hangachi
한가지
hangaji
ひとつ
hitotsu
One (item)
(Note that the Korean word actually means "one kind, one type, a sort (of)")
チョコマン
chokoman
조그만
jogeuman
小さい
chiisai
Small
バッチ
batchi
바지
baji
ズボン
zubon
Pants