Tsuyama

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Tsuyama
津山市
Tsuyama City
Tsuyama City
Flag of Tsuyama
Official seal of Tsuyama
Location of Tsuyama in Okayama Prefecture
Location of Tsuyama in Okayama Prefecture
Tsuyama is located in Japan
Tsuyama
Tsuyama
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 35°4′10″N 134°0′16″E / 35.06944°N 134.00444°E / 35.06944; 134.00444Coordinates: 35°4′10″N 134°0′16″E / 35.06944°N 134.00444°E / 35.06944; 134.00444
CountryJapan
RegionChūgoku (Sanyō)
PrefectureOkayama Prefecture
Government
 • MayorAkinori Miyaji (since March 2010)
Area
 • Total506.36 km2 (195.51 sq mi)
Population
 (April 1, 2017)
 • Total102,294
 • Density200/km2 (520/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall address520 Yamakita, Tsuyama-shi, Okayama-ken
708-8501
ClimateCfa
Websitewww.city.tsuyama.lg.jp
Symbols
FlowerSatsuki azalea, Sakura
TreeCamphor laurel

Tsuyama (津山市, Tsuyama-shi) is a city in Okayama Prefecture, Japan. As of 2017, the city had an estimated population of 102,294 and a population density of 200 persons per km².[1] The total area was 185.73 km². The area increased in 2005 as the result of a merger with adjacent towns, which also boosted the city's population to more than 100,000.[citation needed]

Tsuyama city hall

History[edit]

The city was founded on February 11, 1929.

Tsuyama Castle in 1873

Tsuyama is known for the 17th century Tsuyama Castle, whose grandeur was said to rival that of Himeji Castle in neighboring Hyōgo Prefecture. The castle was destroyed in 1874, and today only the stone foundations remain, save for a single turret that was reconstructed in 2005. The castle ruins remain Tsuyama's main tourist attraction along with Joto Street, a narrow street of old, traditional buildings that was once part of the pilgrimage route from Kyoto to Izumo, and Shurakuen Garden, a traditional Japanese garden constructed in 1657.

On February 28, 2005, the town of Kamo, the village of Aba (both from Tomata District), the town of Shōboku (from Katsuta District), and the town of Kume (from Kume District) were merged into Tsuyama.

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Tsuyama has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with very warm summers and cold winters. Precipitation is significant throughout the year, but is somewhat lower in winter.

Climate data for Tsuyama (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1943−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.9
(64.2)
22.5
(72.5)
25.8
(78.4)
30.4
(86.7)
32.9
(91.2)
36.1
(97.0)
37.4
(99.3)
38.4
(101.1)
36.6
(97.9)
30.7
(87.3)
24.9
(76.8)
19.9
(67.8)
38.4
(101.1)
Average high °C (°F) 7.8
(46.0)
9.2
(48.6)
13.4
(56.1)
19.5
(67.1)
24.2
(75.6)
26.9
(80.4)
30.4
(86.7)
32.0
(89.6)
27.7
(81.9)
21.9
(71.4)
15.7
(60.3)
9.9
(49.8)
19.9
(67.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.5
(36.5)
3.4
(38.1)
6.8
(44.2)
12.4
(54.3)
17.5
(63.5)
21.5
(70.7)
25.3
(77.5)
26.3
(79.3)
22.2
(72.0)
16.0
(60.8)
9.7
(49.5)
4.5
(40.1)
14.0
(57.2)
Average low °C (°F) −1.4
(29.5)
−1.1
(30.0)
1.4
(34.5)
6.1
(43.0)
11.6
(52.9)
17.0
(62.6)
21.6
(70.9)
22.3
(72.1)
18.1
(64.6)
11.2
(52.2)
5.1
(41.2)
0.4
(32.7)
9.4
(48.9)
Record low °C (°F) −12.8
(9.0)
−11.1
(12.0)
−9.7
(14.5)
−5.1
(22.8)
−0.6
(30.9)
6.1
(43.0)
11.4
(52.5)
11.4
(52.5)
5.7
(42.3)
−0.6
(30.9)
−5.5
(22.1)
−8.9
(16.0)
−12.8
(9.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 52.2
(2.06)
59.3
(2.33)
99.7
(3.93)
116.1
(4.57)
148.5
(5.85)
185.1
(7.29)
238.3
(9.38)
127.9
(5.04)
170.5
(6.71)
99.0
(3.90)
60.8
(2.39)
56.1
(2.21)
1,416
(55.75)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 18
(7.1)
16
(6.3)
2
(0.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
9
(3.5)
44
(17)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 7.2 8.5 9.7 9.4 9.9 11.5 12.4 9.0 9.7 6.9 6.6 7.2 108
Average snowy days (≥ 1 cm) 4.8 4.1 0.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.6 11.1
Average relative humidity (%) 79 76 72 69 71 77 81 78 78 79 81 82 77
Mean monthly sunshine hours 114.9 121.3 160.2 185.3 195.7 145.0 144.5 180.2 146.6 154.1 121.1 111.5 1,779
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[2][3]

Demographics[edit]

Per Japanese census data, the population of Tsuyama in 2020 is 99,937 people.[4] Tsuyama has been conducting censuses since 1950.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1950 113,575—    
1955 113,938+0.3%
1960 108,977−4.4%
1965 103,637−4.9%
1970 101,015−2.5%
1975 103,527+2.5%
1980 106,684+3.0%
1985 110,542+3.6%
1990 112,386+1.7%
1995 113,617+1.1%
2000 111,499−1.9%
2005 110,569−0.8%
2010 106,525−3.7%
2015 103,746−2.6%
2020 99,937−3.7%
Tsuyama population statistics[4]

Festivals[edit]

  • Cherry Blossom Festival (early April) - This event is held in Kakuzan Park where around 5000 cherry blossom trees attract people from all over western Japan. Many picnickers arrive before dawn and set down blue tarps and then remain until dusk, grilling out and drinking sake.
  • Gongo Festival (First Saturday and Sunday of August) - The Gongo, or Kappa, is a fictitious animal said to live in rivers. The festival is based around the legend that the Gongo can be seen in the Yoshii River in summer. Local people congregate on the banks of the river wearing traditional Japanese clothing and eat and drink at the many temporary stalls set up there. The festival culminates in a spectacular firework display on the Sunday evening.
  • Tsuyama Autumn Festival (Mid to late October) - Many people parade through the town pulling danjiri.
  • Lion Dance Festival (October 17) - The Lion Dance Festival, held at Takata Shrine, began around 710 A.D. to thank the gods for a good harvest. A male and female lion, each controlled by twelve dancers, perform a soul-stirring dance imitating a struggle. The lions keep time with a flute and drum. The dance is believed to drive away the devil and impurity.
  • Old Izumo Street Festival (Beginnining of November on Sunday) - A festival on Joto Street during which they wear traditional clothes and open a theater, tea houses, and various stalls.

Attractions[edit]

View from Tsuyama Castle

Education[edit]

Transport[edit]

Tsuyama's main railway station is Tsuyama Station. The station is served by the Tsuyama Line (to Okayama), the Kishin Line (to Himeji and Niimi), and the Imbi Line (to Tottori). All services are operated by JR West. Tsuyama is one of the major cities along the Chūgoku Expressway. As with many Japanese cities, cycling is a very common form of transport, particularly among school students.

Air[edit]

The nearest airport is Okayama Airport.

Rail[edit]

Road[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

Notable people from Tsuyama[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official website of Tsuyama city" (in Japanese). Japan: Tsuyama City. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
  2. ^ 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved May 8, 2022.
  3. ^ 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved May 8, 2022.
  4. ^ a b Tsuyama population statistics

External links[edit]