|• Head of City Council||Hanna Vasylivna Grybovska (PR)|
|• Total||15.7 km2 (6.1 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,929/km2 (5,000/sq mi)|
|Area code(s)||+380 5542|
Tsiurupynsk (Ukrainian: Цюру́пинськ, Tsyurupynsk; Russian: Цюру́пинск, Tsyurupinsk) is a city in Kherson Oblast (province) of Ukraine, located on the left bank of the Dnieper River. It is the oldest city of the oblast and one of the oldest in the southern Ukraine. As of 2001, its population was 30,123.
The city of Oleshye (Oleshia) has been known since the 11th century, when it was a part of Kievan Rus', but the area itself has been known since antiquity. Herodotus mentioned Scythian forests in the mouth of the Dnieper in the 5th century BCE, which were called "Oleshye" (from the Slavic word for forest) by the Slavs. The city, which appeared later, took its name from the area, and the later form of the name (Alyoshki/Oleshky) is also related.
In 1711-1728, Oleshky was the capital of the Zaporizhian Host under the protection of the Crimean Khanate. In 1784, the settlement of Oleshky was established; by 1790, it became a part of the Kinburn palanka of the Black-Sea Cossacks. In 1802, the settlement was granted town status and became the seat of an uyezd in Taurida Governorate. In 1928, the town was given its present name, after Alexander Tsiurupa, the former Soviet Trade Minister and the chief of Gosplan who was born in the city.
On 21 November 2007, the city council adopted resolution No.296 to restore the name Oleshky. The city council deputies and district councils, as well as the local Cossacks, wrote a letter to then president Victor Yushchenko requesting that the petition be carried out.
M14 highway passing through Tsiurupynsk
- Pospelov, pp. 26–27
- Цюрупинськ хочуть перейменувати. Депутати звернулися до Ющенка [They want to rename Tsiurupynsk. City council deputies have applied to Yushchenko]. Unian. 25 November 2007. Retrieved 7 August 2015.
- Е. М. Поспелов (Ye. M. Pospelov). "Имена городов: вчера и сегодня (1917–1992). Топонимический словарь." (City Names: Yesterday and Today (1917–1992). Toponymic Dictionary.) Москва, "Русские словари", 1993.