A photo of the tortoise's preserved body, 2002.
|Died||16 May 1966|
|Resting place||Royal Palace of Tonga|
Tu'i Malila (1777 – 16 May 1966) was a tortoise that Captain James Cook was traditionally said to have given to the royal family of Tonga. She was a female radiated tortoise (Geochelone radiata) from Madagascar. Although believed to have been a male during its life, examination after the tortoise's death suggested it was female.
The name means King Malila in the Tongan language.
According to one story, Tu'i Malila was one of a pair of tortoises given by Captain Cook to the Tongan royal family upon his visit to Tonga in July 1777. The other tortoise reportedly died shortly after Cook's visit. This story has been discounted on the basis that Cook made no mention of the event in his journal, although it has been suggested that the tortoise may have been gifted by a member of Cook's crew instead.
The tortoise was taken to Muʻa, where it was kept in a compound named Malila, from which it took its name. Around 1921, Sālote Tupou III moved the tortoise to the Royal Palace. Despite being kicked by a horse and run over several times, the tortoise continued its life, although it was left blind and with a badly wounded right-hand side.
The tortoise died on 16 May 1966.
- Robb, Joan (1971). "TU'I MALILA, "COOK'S TORTOISE"". Records of the Auckland Institute and Museum. 8: 229–233. JSTOR 42906170.
- "Captain Cook Timeline – Third Voyage 1776 – 1780". Captain Cook Birthplace Museum. Retrieved 18 January 2012.
- Tropicalities Pacific Islands Monthly, June 1966, p53
- "Madison Zoological Museum Collection: Bulletin - New York Zoological Society: [An account of the reptiles inhabiting the Galápagos Islands]". Retrieved 3 April 2016.