Tuan mac Cairill
In Irish mythology Tuan mac Cairill was a recluse who retains his memories from his previous incarnations, going back to Antediluvian age. Initially a follower of Partholon, he alone survived the plague (or the Flood) that killed the rest of his people. Through a series of animal transformations he survived into Christian times, and told the story of the Lebor Gabála Érenn, from his people onward to St. Finnian of Moville.
His legend is found in an 11th Century manuscript called Lebor na hUidre (The Book of Dun Cow). Tuan who was a hermit or recluse, told St. Finnan that he was born 2000 years earlier and witnessed many of the waves of invaders who came to ancient Ireland - the Nemedians, Fir Bolg and the Tuatha De Dannan.
As a lone human guarding the land, he grew hairy, clawed and gray. And he witnessed the invasion of Nemed (whom he says was his father's brother), and woke up one day to find himself reborn as a vigorous young stag. The ancient stag watched the Nemedians perish, and was again reborn into a young wild boar, and became the king of the boar-herds, witnessing the taking of Ireland by Semion, leader of the Fir Bolg. Then he became a great hawk (or eagle) and saw Ireland seized by the Tuatha Dé Danann and the sons of Míl. Later reincarnated into a salmon, he was caught by a fisherman serving a chieftain called Cairill, and was eaten whole by the Cairill's wife, and passed into her womb to be reborn again as Tuan mac (son of) Cairill. He was eventually converted to Christianity, and conversed with St. Patrick and Colum Cille.
- Kuno Meyer 1897, VB, Vol. 2, ¶4
- Mackillop 1998,
- Kuno Meyer 1897, Voyage of Bran, Vol. 2, 285-301
- Arbois de Jubainville & Best 1903, pp. 26-
- The LU text of the tale is available online at CELT Corpus
- Kuno Meyer 1897 op. cit.,
- Kuno Meyer 1897, ¶7-10
- Kuno Meyer 1897¶11-. Irish: murrech adbul: murrech "large sea-bird, a sea-raven (eDIL )", in the prose part, but Irish: seig: séig "a hawk, a bird of the hawk kind (eDIL)" in verse. Mackillop says "eagle".
- Kuno Meyer 1897¶13-
- Arbois de Jubainville, Marie Henri de; Best, Richard Irvine (1903), The Irish mythological cycle and Celtic mythology (google), Dublin: O'Donoghue, pp. 26– (tr. from French)
- Carey, John (1984), "Scél Tuáin meic Chairill ("The Story of Tuán son of Cairell").", Ériu, 35: 93–111 (ed. & tr.)
- Carey, John (1995), Celtic Heroic Age: Literary Sources for Ancient Celtic Europe and Early Ireland and Wales, Malden, MA: Celtic Studies Publications(2nd ed.), pp. 210–12 (tr.)
- Mackillop, James (1998), Dictionary of Celtic Mythology, New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-280120-1
- Kuno Meyer (1897), "Scél Túin maic Cairill do Fhinnén Maige Bile inso sís ("Tuan mac Cairill's Story to Finnen of Moville here below." (google), Voyage of Bran, 2, pp. 285–301 (ed. & tr.)
- Celtic Literature Collective (Irish Section)
- The full text of The Story of Tuan mac Cairill at Wikisource (retelling by James Stephens)