Tuanku Bahiyah

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Tuanku Bahiyah
Raja Permaisuri Agong (Queen of Malaysia) and Sultanah of Kedah
Raja Permaisuri Agong of Malaysia
Tenure 20 September 1970 – 21 September 1975
Installation 20 February 1971
Predecessor Tengku Intan Zaharah
Successor Tengku Zainab
Sultanah of Kedah
Tenure 15 July 1958 - 26 August 2003
Installation 20 February 1959
Successor Sultanah Haminah Hamidun
Spouse Tuanku Al-Mutassimu Billahi Muhibbuddin Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Badlishah
Issue Dato’ Seri Tunku Intan Shafinaz
Dato’ Seri Tunku Soraya
Tunku Sarina
Father Tuanku Abdul Rahman ibni Almarhum Tuanku Muhammad
Mother Tunku Kurshiah binti Almarhum Tunku Besar Burhanuddin
Born (1930-08-24)24 August 1930
Seri Menanti, Negeri Sembilan
Died 26 August 2003(2003-08-26) (aged 73)
Istana Kuala Cegar, Alor Setar, Kedah
Burial Kedah Royal Mausoleum in Langgar
Religion Sunni Islam

Tuanku Bahiyah binti Almarhum Tuanku Abdul Rahman (24 August 1930 – 26 August 2003) was the Sultanah of Kedah (1959–2003) and served as the fifth Raja Permaisuri Agong of Malaysia from 21 September 1970 until 20 September 1975.

Early life[edit]

Tuanku Bahiyah was born on 24 August 1930 in Seri Menanti, Negeri Sembilan. She was the eldest daughter of Tuanku Abdul Rahman ibni Almarhum Tuanku Muhammad and Tunku Kurshiah binti Almarhum Tunku Besar Burhanuddin, the Yang di-Pertuan Besar and the Tunku Ampuan Besar of Negeri Sembilan, who were then elected the first Yang di-Pertuan Agong and Raja Permaisuri Agong of Malaysia.

She received her education at a Malay School in Seri Menanti and the Seremban Convent School. She later furthered her studies in United Kingdom and received a degree in Social Science from University of Nottingham.


Tuanku Bahiyah married Tuanku Al-Mutassimu Billahi Muhibbudin Sultan Abdul Halim Al-Muadzam Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Badlishah of Kedah in 1956.

The royal couple had three daughters; two of whom are twins. They are Dato’ Seri Tunku Intan Shafinaz, Dato’ Seri Tunku Soraya and Tunku Sarina (died on 31 August 1991).

Becoming Queen[edit]

In 1958, Tuanku Abdul Halim became Sultan of Kedah. Tunku Bahiyah was installed the Sultanah of Kedah with his ascension to the throne.

From 1970, she served her five-year term as Raja Permaisuri Agong or Queen of Malaysia when Tuanku Abdul Halim became the fifth Yang di-Pertuan Agong.


Tuanku Bahiyah died of cancer on 26 August 2003 at Istana Kuala Cegar, Alor Setar.[1] She was buried at the Kedah Royal Mausoleum in Langgar.

Awards and Recognition[edit]

Tuanku Bahiyah was conferred various awards, both locally and abroad. In 1970, Emperor Hiroto of Japan awarded her the First Class Order of Sacred Treasure. Later in the same year, President Suharto of Indonesia awarded her the First Class Order of Bintang Maha Putera.

Tuanku Bahiyah was awarded an Honorary Doctorate in Education by the University of Malaya where she served as the Chancellor from 1972 until 1986.

The general hospital in Alor Setar which is also the main referral and tertiary health centre in Northern Peninsular Malaysia was renamed in her honour to Hospital Sultanah Bahiyah.

There is a highway in Alor Setar, Lebuhraya Sultanah Bahiyah (Sultanah Bahiyah Highway) was named after her.

Social contributions[edit]

Tuanku Hajah Bahiyah was the patron of various organisations such as:

  • Kedah Orchid Association
  • Blood Donors Association of Malaysia
  • Family Planning Association of Kedah
  • Children’s Welfare Organisation of Kedah
  • Islamic Women’s Welfare Organisation of Kedah
  • Lioness Club of Kedah
  • Netball Association of Kedah
  • Women’s Association of Universiti Utara Malaysia (SUTRANITA)
  • Nottingham Graduates Association
  • Ex-Servicemen Widows and Wives Association (BAKIABAH)
  • Kedah Association for the Disabled
  • Kedah Thalassaemia Association
  • Association of Sultanah Bahiyah Secondary School Students


See also List of honours of the Kedah Royal Family by country

She has been awarded:[2]

Honours of Kedah[edit]

Honours of Malaysia[edit]

Foreign Honours[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Royal News — August 2003". Retrieved 4 September 2006. 
  2. ^ The Royal Ark, Kedah genealogical details, p11
  3. ^ Badraie

External links[edit]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Tengku Intan Zaharah
(Tengku Ampuan Besar of Terengganu)
Raja Permaisuri Agong
(Queen of Malaysia)
Succeeded by
Tengku Zainab
(Raja Perempuan of Kelantan)