Tomar clan

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Tomara (also called Tomar, Tomer, Tanwar and Tuar) is a clan, some members of which ruled parts of North India at different times. People belonging to the Tomara clan are found among the Rajputs,[1] Jats[2] of northern India.

The area of Morena, Bhind and Gwalior in northern Madhya Pradesh is referred to as "Tomarghar" meaning "Home of Tomars" due to its large population of Tomar Rajputs.[3]

History[edit]

The Tomara Rajput clan claim descent from the mythical Chandravanshi dynasty, numbering the Mahabharata warrior Arjuna among their forebears.[4]

The earliest extant historical reference to the Tomaras (the Sanskrit form of "Tomar") occurs in the Pehowa inscription of the Pratihara king Mahendrapala I (r. c. 885-910 CE).[5] This undated inscription suggests that the Tomara chief Gogga was a vassal of Mahendrapala I.[6]

During 9th-12th century, the Tomaras of Delhi ruled parts of the present-day Delhi and Haryana.[7] Much of the information about this dynasty comes from bardic legends of little historical value, and therefore, the reconstruction of their history is difficult.[8] According to the bardic tradition, the dynasty's founder Anangapal Tuar (that is Anangapala I Tomara) founded Delhi in 736 CE.[5] However, the authenticity of this claim is doubtful.[8] The bardic legends also state that the last Tomara king (also named Anangapal) passed on the throne of Delhi to his son-in-law Prithviraj Chauhan. This claim is also inaccurate: historical evidence shows that Prithviraj inherited Delhi from his father Someshvara.[8] According to the Bijolia inscription of Someshvara, his brother Vigraharaja IV had captured Dhillika (Delhi) and Ashika (Hansi); he probably defeated a Tomara ruler.[9]

Anangpal's grandson Kosal Dev Singh is said to have established Kosli in 1193 A.D.[10]

Members of the Tomar clan ruled an area north of Gwalior known as the Tonwarghar tract. The most notable of these rulers was Man Singh Tomar (1486-1517).[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mayaram, Shail (2003). Against History, Against State: Counterperspectives from the Margins. Columbia University Press. p. 22. ISBN 9780231529518. 
  2. ^ Sociological Bulletin. Indian Sociological Society. 2004. p. 404. 
  3. ^ "Guns rule 'badlands' of Bhind-Morena". Zeenews. Retrieved 2014-08-09. 
  4. ^ Singh, David Emmanuel (2012). Islamization in Modern South Asia: Deobandi Reform and the Gujjar Response. Walter de Gruyter. p. 55. ISBN 9781614511854. 
  5. ^ a b Sailendra Nath Sen 1999, p. 339.
  6. ^ Dilip Kumar Ganguly 1984, pp. 116-117.
  7. ^ Upinder Singh 2008, p. 571.
  8. ^ a b c D. C. Ganguly 1981, p. 704.
  9. ^ Dilip Kumar Ganguly 1984, p. 117.
  10. ^ Sarban Singh; Haryana (India). Gazetteers Organisation (2004). Haryana State Gazetteer: Lacks special title. Haryana Gazetteers Organisation, Revenue Dept. Retrieved 28 February 2011. 
  11. ^ Kolff, Dirk H. A. (2002). Naukar, Rajput, and Sepoy: The Ethnohistory of the Military Labour Market of Hindustan, 1450-1850. Cambridge University Press. p. 89. ISBN 978-0-52152-305-9. 

Bibliography[edit]