Tubifera

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Tubifera
Strawberry Slime Mould (15567928602).jpg
Tubifera ferruginosa
Scientific classification
(unranked): Amoebozoa
Infraphylum: Mycetozoa
Class: Myxogastria
Order: Liceales
Family: Tubiferaceae
Genus: Tubifera
G.F.Gmel., 1792
Type species
Tubifera ferruginosa
(Batsch) J.F.Gmel., 1791

Tubifera is a genus of slime moulds from the subclass Myxogastria. The genus comprises 12 species.

Description[edit]

The fruit-bodies are aethalia formed from numerous, usually densely packed sporangia. The oblong sporangia are ochre, pink or red to dark brown and may be shiny or shimmering. They open at the tip to release the spores.[1]

The hypothallus is spongy, occasionally raised to a stem-like, stock, dark-coloured structure or also, on Tubifera bombarda, soft and film-like thin. The membranous, single layered peridium outlasts the below half. A pseudocapillitium may or may not be present. The spores are light yellow to reddish-brown.[1]

Habitat[edit]

Tubifera ferruginosa and Tubifera microsperma are more widespread and common that the other species from this genus.[2] All species, except Tubifera casparyii, are also common in the tropics.[1]

Classification[edit]

The genus was circumscribed in 1873 by Józef Thomasz Rostafiński. The type species is Tubifera ferruginosa, first characterized as a Stemonitis species.

Species[edit]

The genus comprises the following 12 species:[1]

Previously included species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Marie L. Farr: Myxomycetes, New York Botanical Garden, 1976, p.101
  2. ^ Michael J. Dykstra, Harold W. Keller: Mycetozoa In: An illustrated guide to the protozoa : organisms traditionally referred to as protozoa, or newly discovered groups, Society of Protozoologists, 2000, p.977
  3. ^ Leontyev, D.V.; Fefelov, K.A. (2012). "Nomenclatural status and morphological notes on Tubifera applanata sp. nov. (Myxomycetes)". Mycotaxon. 120: 247–51. doi:10.5248/120.247. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Leontyev, Dmitry V.; Schnittler, Martin; Stephenson, Steven L. (2015-09-01). "A critical revision of the Tubifera ferruginosa complex". Mycologia. 107 (5): 959–985. doi:10.3852/14-271. ISSN 0027-5514. PMID 26240306. 
  5. ^ Leontyev, Dmitry V.; Schnittler, Martin; Moreno, Gabriel; Stephenson, Steven L.; Mitchell, David W.; Rojas, Carlos (2014-09-01). "The genus Alwisia (Myxomycetes) revalidated, with two species new to science". Mycologia. 106 (5): 936–948. doi:10.3852/13-314. ISSN 0027-5514. PMID 24987129.