Tuck Everlasting

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Tuck Everlasting
TuckEverlasting.jpg
First edition with Babbitt illustration
AuthorNatalie Babbitt
CountryUnited States
GenreChildren's fantasy novel, drama[citation needed]
PublisherScholastic
Publication date
1975
Media typePrint (hardcover)
Pages139
ISBN9780374480127
LC ClassPZ7.B1135 Tu[1]

Tuck Everlasting is an American children's novel about immortality written by Natalie Babbitt and published by Farrar, Straus and Giroux in 1975. It has sold over 5 million copies and has been called a classic of modern children's literature.

Tuck Everlasting has been adapted into two feature films, released in 1981 and 2002, and has been adapted three times into unabridged audio books: by Listening Library/Random House in 1988 and narrated by Peter Thomas, by Recorded Books in 1993 and narrated by Barbara Caruso, and by Audio Bookshelf in 2001 and narrated by Melissa Hughes. It has also been adapted into a stage musical with music by Chris Miller, lyrics by Nathan Tysen, and book by Claudia Shear and Tim Federle.

Plot summary[edit]

Ten-year-old Winifred "Winnie" Foster, who lives at the edge of the village of Treegap, decides to run away from her overbearing family. That evening, a man in a yellow suit approaches the Foster home, looking for information. Winnie, the man, and Winnie's grandmother hear a music box playing in the wood near the Fosters' house.

The next morning, Winnie explores the wood. While the Fosters own the wood, they never enter it. She sees a young man, Jesse Tuck, drink from a small spring. When she asks his age, he first says he's 104 years old, then changes his answer to seventeen. Winnie wants to drink from the spring, but Jesse stops her. When she mentions her father, Jesse becomes scared she will tell him about the spring. Jesse's mother Mae and brother Miles arrive. They seize Winnie, taking her to their home and pleading with her not to be scared. On the road, they pass the man in the yellow suit.

The Tucks explain that, 87 years ago, they had passed through the wood while looking for land to farm. They drank from the spring. After twenty years, the Tucks realized they were not aging. Miles's wife left him, taking their son and daughter. Forced to leave their farm, the Tucks returned in the direction of Treegap. After seeing that the clearing around the spring had not changed in twenty years, the Tucks realized that the spring had made them immortal.

Winnie quickly grows fond of the Tucks. Angus Tuck, patriarch of the family, explains that he wants to grow old but can't. He asks her to keep the Tucks' secret, saying that if others found out about the spring, they would drink from it and later regret their immortality. That evening, Jesse proposes that after Winnie turns seventeen, she drink from the spring and live eternally with him.

The man in the yellow suit steals the Tucks' horse and rides to the Fosters' home. He tells them that the Tucks have kidnapped Winnie and promises to rescue her in exchange for the Fosters' wood. He directs the constable to the Tucks' home, then rides ahead to meet the Tucks alone. He tells the Tucks that his grandmother had a friend who left her husband, taking their son and daughter, because the husband had not aged in twenty years. The ageless husband's mother had owned a music box. The man in the yellow suit had learned the music box's tune from his grandmother, who had learned it from her friend. Two nights ago, the man had heard the same tune coming from the Fosters' wood, where Mae had played it on her music box. He had followed the Tucks and eavesdropped to hear their story. Now, with legal possession of the wood and spring, he plans to sell the spring water to "people who deserve it. And it will be very, very expensive."

The man in the yellow suit offers to pay the Tucks to publicly demonstrate their invincibility. Angus angrily refuses. The man drags Winnie outside. He announces that after she drinks the water, demonstrations with her will do just as well. Mae, using a shotgun as a club, clouts him on his head. The man in the yellow suit falls just as the constable arrives.

Winnie tells the constable that the Tucks are her friends, not her kidnappers. The constable takes Winnie home and locks Mae in the village jail. The man in the yellow suit dies. Since Mae has committed murder, she will be hanged. The Tucks and Winnie realize that attempting to execute her will reveal the Tucks' secret.

The following evening, Jesse visits Winnie. He explains that Miles has a plan to break Mae out of jail. He gives her a bottle of water from the spring and asks her to drink it when she turns seventeen. Winnie volunteers to help Mae escape. At midnight, Winnie and the Tucks go to the jail. Miles pries the window out of Mae's cell, and Winnie exchanges places with Mae. In the dark, the constable mistakes Winnie for Mae. He does not realize until morning that Mae has escaped, and by then the Tucks are gone.

Two weeks pass. Winnie sees a toad threatened by a dog. She snatches up the toad and pours the water from Jesse's bottle over it.

Decades later, Mae and Angus Tuck return to Treegap. They learn that three years earlier, the wood was struck by lightning and burned. It was bulldozed, and now a gas station stands on the site. Angus finds Winnie's grave and learns that she died two years ago, in 1948, after being married and having children. He feels proud. As they leave the town, they see a toad squatting in the road. Angus moves it to the side of the road, commenting that it must think it's going to live forever.

Characters[edit]

  • Winifred "Winnie" Foster – The novel's protagonist, she is 10 years old when the novel begins and lives in Treegap. Her family is the oldest family in Treegap. She grows to love the Tuck family and has a crush on Jesse Tuck.[2]
  • Angus Tuck – The father of the Tuck children, he dislikes his immortality and dreams of dying and going to heaven.[3]
  • Mae Tuck – The mother of the Tuck children, married to Angus. She is happy with her lifestyle wearing old clothes and living in a messy house.[3]
  • Jesse Tuck – The youngest in his family, Jesse is 104 years old but physically appears to be seventeen. Though he enjoys immortality, he is lonely, so he asks Winnie to drink the water when she is 17 so she can marry him.[4]
  • Miles Tuck – Appearing to be 22 years old, Miles is the older brother of Jesse and the son of Angus and Mae. He is trained as a carpenter and blacksmith. His wife divorced him because she believed that he must have sold his soul to the devil to have maintained his youthful appearance after they had been married for almost 20 years.[3]
  • The Man In The Yellow Suit/Joshua Smith - The Man In The Yellow Suit/Joshua Smith attempts to find Winnie, and return her in exchange for the woods. When he tries to retrieve Winnie, Mae hits him with the end of a gun, and he dies the next day of his injuries.

Awards and recognition[edit]

Tuck Everlasting has received awards including the Janusz Korczak Medal and the 1976 Christopher Award as best book for young people. It was named an ALA Notable Book and included on the Horn Book Magazine Fanfare List. In 2005 it was covered by Anita Silvey in The 100 Best Books for Children. Based on a 2007 online poll, the National Education Association listed it as one of its "Teachers' Top 100 Books for Children."[5] It was ranked number 16 among the "Top 100 Chapter Books" of all time in a 2012 survey published by School Library Journal.[6] The Broadway musical received a Tony Award nomination for Gregg Barnes in the category of Best Costume Design of A Musical for the 2015–2016 season.[7]

Adaptations[edit]

The novel has twice been adapted to film, and a musical. The first was released in 1981 and distributed by One Pass Media. The second, by Disney in 2002, was directed by Jay Russell and starred Alexis Bledel as Winnie, Jonathan Jackson as Jesse, William Hurt as Angus, Sissy Spacek as Mae, and Ben Kingsley as the man in the yellow suit. It received mixed but generally favorable reviews and currently (May 2022) holds a 60% rating at Rotten Tomatoes.[8] The New York Post praised it as 'handsomely crafted and well-acted'.[9] It grossed a little over $19 million at the domestic box office and was not widely released in foreign territories.

The novel has been adapted into a stage musical with music by Chris Miller, lyrics by Nathan Tysen, and book by Claudia Shear and Tim Federle. It was originally scheduled for a pre-Broadway run at Boston's Colonial Theatre, in June 2013, but plans were abandoned due to a lack of available theatres in New York. It was produced at the Alliance Theatre in Atlanta, in January and February 2015, directed and choreographed by Casey Nicholaw.[10][11] The musical began previews on Broadway, on March 31, 2016, at the Broadhurst Theatre, opening on April 26, 2016, and closing a month later, on May 29. Carolee Carmello and Andrew Keenan-Bolger played Mae and Jesse, with Robert Lenzi (Miles), Michael Park (Angus), Terrence Mann (Man in the Yellow Suit), Fred Applegate (Constable Joe), Robert Lenzi (Miles Tuck), Michael Wartella (Hugo), Valerie Wright (Betsy Foster), and Sarah Charles Lewis as Winnie.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tuck everlasting". Library of Congress Online Catalog (catalog.loc.gov). Retrieved 2015-09-24.
  2. ^ Babbitt, Natalie Tuck Everlasting, chapter 14.
  3. ^ a b c "Tuck Everlasting: Character Traits & Analysis | Study.com". Study.com. Retrieved 2016-06-20.
  4. ^ "Jesse Tuck in Tuck Everlasting". www.shmoop.com. Retrieved 2016-06-20.
  5. ^ "Teachers' Top 100 Books for Children". National Education Association. 2007. Retrieved 2012-08-22.
  6. ^ Bird, Elizabeth (July 7, 2012). "Top 100 Chapter Book Poll Results". A Fuse #8 Production. Blog. School Library Journal (blog.schoollibraryjournal.com). Retrieved 2015-09-24.
  7. ^ "American Theatre Wing's Tony Awards Website: Official Site by IBM - Nominees & Awards". Archived from the original on 2003-06-11.
  8. ^ "Tuck Everlasting (2002)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2016-11-05.
  9. ^ Lou Lumineck. "New York Post film review". Retrieved 2008-09-05.
  10. ^ Tuck Everlasting Archived 2015-05-06 at the Wayback Machine alliancetheatre.org, accessed May 31, 2015
  11. ^ Gordon, David. " 'Tuck Everlasting' Musical Announces Broadway Dates" May 13, 2015
  12. ^ Gioia, Michael. "Carolee Carmello and Andrew Keenan-Bolger Will Return to Broadway as Mother and Son in 'Tuck Everlasting'" Playbill, September 17, 2015