Tuckahoe (village), New York
|Tuckahoe, New York|
Location of Tuckahoe (village), New York
|• Mayor||Steve Ecklond|
|• Total||0.6 sq mi (1.6 km2)|
|• Land||0.6 sq mi (1.6 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||112 ft (34 m)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0967924|
Tuckahoe is a village in the town of Eastchester in Westchester County, New York, United States. One-and-a-half miles long and three-fourths of a mile wide, with the Bronx River serving as its western boundary, the Village of Tuckahoe is approximately sixteen miles north of midtown Manhattan in Southern Westchester County. As of the 2010 census, the village's population was 6,486.
Industry and growth
The name “Tuckahoe”, meaning “it is globular”, was a general term used by the Native Americans of the region when describing various bulbous roots which were used as food. Throughout the 1700s and 1800s, Tuckahoe was a rural, minor community which was part of the larger town of East Chester. It wasn't until the early nineteenth century that Tuckahoe first became a semi-prominent part of the New York Metropolitan Area upon the discovery of vast, high-quality, white marble deposits near the Bronx River by Scottish businessman Alexander Masterson. Through the use of his financial wealth and influence, Masterson jump-started Tuckahoe's marble industry, opening the first marble quarry in 1812. The extremely high quality of "Tuckahoe Marble" was in great demand, quickly transforming the once quiet village into the "marble capital of the world". In the 1840s, to serve quarry owners who transported marble to the city, the New York and Harlem Railroad opened two train depots in Tuckahoe. The booming industry drew succeeding waves of German, Irish and Italian immigrant workers, and, after the Civil War, African-Americans who migrated from the South. The Tuckahoe quarries produced heavily for almost a century before supplies dwindled and the industry shut down.
In the 1920s Burroughs Wellcome (now part of GlaxoSmithKline) established research and manufacturing facilities on Scarsdale Road on land acquired from the Hodgman Rubber Company,:18 and for many years was a leading industry in Tuckahoe until the company moved to Research Triangle Park in North Carolina in 1971. The Nobel Prize winning scientists Gertrude B. Elion and George H. Hitchings worked there and invented drugs still used many years later, such as mercaptopurine.
Tuckahoe village is located at  which is the lower, central section of Westchester County. Tuckahoe is bordered by the village of Bronxville to its south and the unincorporated portion of the town of Eastchester to the north and east. The Bronx River separates it from the Crestwood section of Yonkers to its west. Easily accessible roadways include the Bronx River Parkway, White Plains Road (Route 22), the Major Deegan Expressway (I-87), the Hutchinson River Parkway, and the Cross County Parkway.(40.953110, -73.823609),
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2), all of it land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 6,211 people, 2,627 households, and 1,626 families residing in the village. The population density was 10,188.8 people per square mile (3,931.3/km²). There were 2,729 housing units at an average density of 4,476.8 per square mile (1,727.3/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 73.98% White, 10.11% African American, 0.10% Native American, 9.76% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 3.48% from other races, and 2.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.84% of the population.
There were 2,627 households out of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.0% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.1% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 3.05.
In the village the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 36.7% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 13.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 91.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.6 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $60,744, and the median income for a family was $78,188. Males had a median income of $56,217 versus $41,077 for females. The per capita income for the village was $31,819. About 5.7% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.6% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.
- Eric Naposki (b. December 20, 1966) a former resident of Tuckahoe and formerly an American football player who played in the National Football League and World League of American Football between the years 1988 and 1997. On May 21, 2009, he was arrested for a murder he committed fifteen years earlier in December 1994 in Newport Beach, California.
- Douglas Gretzler (May 21, 1951 - June 3, 1998) graduated from Tuckahoe High School in 1969, playing baseball and basketball. Gretzler was known by his nickname "Lamby" and was a "a drummer with a style all of his own," with aspirations to one day play in a rock band, and worked on and off as a mechanic after high school. In October–November 1973, Gretzler killed 17 victims in a killing spree in Arizona and California, and was sentenced to death in Arizona for the execution-style murder of Michael and Patricia Sandberg.
In popular culture
- The Norman Lear comedy Maude (1972-1978) starring Bea Arthur was set in Tuckahoe.
- In the J. D. Salinger novel Franny and Zooey, Beatrice "Boo Boo" Glass Tannenbaum is referred to as a Tuckahoe homemaker.
- A Brief History of the Village of Tuckahoe
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Tuckahoe village, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 18, 2011.
- The Mastersons
- Town Eastchester - Local History
- Here Comes the Train Circa 1850
- Holding on to Tradition, and Independence NY Times
- Tricentennial Committee. 1664-1964 The Story of a Town
- The Eastchester Citizen-Bulletin, 19 November 1924 Page 2
- Peter Pennoyer and Anne Walker. The Architecture of Delano & Aldrich. W. W. Norton & Company, 2003 ISBN 9780393730876. Page 188
- Triangle Modernist Houses Press release. October 8, 2012 Iconic Burroughs Wellcome Headquarters Open for Rare Public Tour
- Katherine Bouton for the New York Times. January 29, 1989 The Nobel Pair
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.